Overview In 2020 Kenya was the number 64 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 103 in total exports, the number 77 in total imports, the number 152 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 80 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Kenya are Tea ($1.2B), Cut Flowers ($596M), Refined Petroleum ($308M), Gold ($262M), and Coffee ($229M), exporting mostly to Uganda ($940M), Pakistan ($515M), Netherlands ($503M), United States ($496M), and United Kingdom ($435M).

Imports The top imports of Kenya are Refined Petroleum ($2.13B), Palm Oil ($671M), Broadcasting Equipment ($521M), Packaged Medicaments ($477M), and Cars ($403M), importing mostly from China ($4.86B), India ($1.95B), United Arab Emirates ($1.34B), Japan ($755M), and Saudi Arabia ($632M).

Location Kenya borders Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda by land.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Kenya.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Top Export (2020): Tea, $1.2B

Top Destination (2020): Uganda, $4.86B

In 2020, Kenya exported a total of $6.52B, making it the number 103 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Kenya have changed by $218M from $6.31B in 2015 to $6.52B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Tea ($1.2B), Cut Flowers ($596M), Refined Petroleum ($308M), Gold ($262M), and Coffee ($229M). The most common destination for the exports of Kenya are Uganda ($940M), Pakistan ($515M), Netherlands ($503M), United States ($496M), and United Kingdom ($435M).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Kenya Exports Services (2019): $5.6B

Kenya Imports Services (2019): $3.79B

In 2019, Kenya exported $5.6B worth of services. The top services exported by Kenya in 2019 were Transportation ($2.2B), Government services, n.i.e. ($972M), Personal travel ($901M), Computer and information services ($629M), and Financial services ($478M).

The top services imported by Kenya in 2019 were Transportation ($1.45B), Other business services ($957M), Construction services ($402M), Government services, n.i.e. ($260M), and Financial services ($218M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Kenya are Raw sugar, beet (100%) and Refined sugar, in solid form, flavoured or coloured (100%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Kenya are:
116: Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Group II) Non-FTA Member States
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
202: Preferential tariff for East African Community (EAC) (Kenya, Tanzani, Uganda)

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Kenya has a high level of specialization in Tea (399), Cut Flowers (181), Tin Ores (172), Titanium Ore (164), and Legumes (119). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Kenya observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Kenya according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Artificial filament tow (1.42), Pigments for paint, stamping foils, dyes, retail (0.91), Machinery, apparatus, equipment for print preparation (0.89), Sound recordings other than photographic equipment (0.87), and Articles for funfairs, table and parlour games (0.78). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Kenya according to the relatedness index, are Raw Sugar (0.3), Bananas (0.29), Crustaceans (0.29), Cassava (0.28), and Melons (0.28). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Kenya is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Kenya. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Kenya exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 20 years Kenya's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨48th to the 80th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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