Overview: In 2019 Kenya was the number 63 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 107 in total exports, the number 80 in total imports, the number 146 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 87 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports: The top exports of Kenya are Tea ($1.13B), Cut Flowers ($616M), Refined Petroleum ($404M), Coffee ($224M), and Titanium Ore ($143M), exporting mostly to Uganda ($619M), United States ($546M), Netherlands ($487M), Pakistan ($440M), and United Kingdom ($387M).

Imports: The top imports of Kenya are Refined Petroleum ($3.07B), Cars ($522M), Packaged Medicaments ($471M), Wheat ($439M), and Hot-Rolled Iron ($413M), importing mostly from China ($4.48B), United Arab Emirates ($1.83B), India ($1.82B), Saudi Arabia ($1.28B), and Japan ($910M).

Location: Kenya borders Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda by land.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Value
Depth

Top Export (2019): Tea, $1.13B

Top Destination (2019): Uganda, $619M

In 2019, Kenya exported a total of $6.25B, making it the number 107 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Kenya have changed by $13.6M from $6.24B in 2014 to $6.25B in 2019.

The most recent exports are led by Tea ($1.13B), Cut Flowers ($616M), Refined Petroleum ($404M), Coffee ($224M), and Titanium Ore ($143M). The most common destination for the exports of Kenya are Uganda ($619M), United States ($546M), Netherlands ($487M), Pakistan ($440M), and United Kingdom ($387M).

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Yearly Imports

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Value
Depth

Top Import (2019): Refined Petroleum, $3.07B

Top Origin (2019): China, $4.48B

In 2019 Kenya imported $18.8B, making it the number 80 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Kenya changed by -$1.17B from $19.9B in 2014 to $18.8B in 2019.

The most recent imports of Kenya are led by Refined Petroleum ($3.07B), Cars ($522M), Packaged Medicaments ($471M), Wheat ($439M), and Hot-Rolled Iron ($413M). The most common import partners for Kenya are China ($4.48B), United Arab Emirates ($1.83B), India ($1.82B), Saudi Arabia ($1.28B), and Japan ($910M).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2018 - 2019)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2018 - 2019)

Kenya Exports Services (2014): $4.92B

Kenya Imports Services (2014): $2.85B

In 2014, Kenya exported $4.92B worth of services. The top services exported by Kenya in 2014 were Air transport ($1.19B), Government services, n.i.e. ($908M), Personal travel ($780M), Other transport ($724M), and Telecommunications services ($651M).

The top services imported by Kenya in 2014 were Sea transport ($1.3B), Other business services ($440M), Government services, n.i.e. ($235M), Insurance services ($201M), and Air transport ($167M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Kenya are Raw sugar, beet (100%) and Refined sugar, in solid form, flavoured or coloured (100%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Kenya are:
115: Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Group I) FTA Member States
116: Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Group II) Non-FTA Member States
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
202: Preferential tariff for East African Community (EAC) (Kenya, Tanzani, Uganda)

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Kenya has a high level of specialization in Tea (440), Cut Flowers (200), Legumes (163), Titanium Ore (162), and Tin Ores (145). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Kenya observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Kenya according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Tools for working in the hand, non-electric motor (1.64), Artificial filament tow (1.31), Bar, rod nes, stainless steel, angles, shapes/sections (1.26), Machinery, apparatus, equipment for print preparation (1.14), and Articles for funfairs, table and parlour games (1.07). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Kenya according to the relatedness index, are Gold (0.32), Raw Sugar (0.3), Crustaceans (0.3), Coconuts, Brazil Nuts, and Cashews (0.29), and Bananas (0.29). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Kenya is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Kenya. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Kenya exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

During the last 20 years Kenya's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨57th to the 87th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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