Overview In 2020 Kazakhstan was the number 52 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 47 in total exports, the number 55 in total imports, the number 74 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 72 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Kazakhstan are Crude Petroleum ($25.2B), Refined Copper ($2.86B), Petroleum Gas ($2.64B), Radioactive Chemicals ($1.98B), and Ferroalloys ($1.68B), exporting mostly to China ($9.42B), Italy ($6.76B), Russia ($5.18B), Netherlands ($3.14B), and Turkey ($2.34B).

In 2020, Kazakhstan was the world's biggest exporter of Radioactive Chemicals ($1.98B)and Chromium Oxides and Hydroxides ($101M)

Imports The top imports of Kazakhstan are Other Heating Machinery ($1.54B), Packaged Medicaments ($1.21B), Broadcasting Equipment ($1.07B), Cars ($909M), and Computers ($648M), importing mostly from Russia ($13.8B), China ($10.3B), South Korea ($2.31B), Germany ($1.8B), and Turkey ($1B).

Location Kazakhstan borders China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan by land.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Kazakhstan.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Export (2020): Crude Petroleum, $25.2B

Top Destination (2020): China, $9.42B

In 2020, Kazakhstan exported a total of $50.9B, making it the number 47 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Kazakhstan have changed by $2.66B from $48.2B in 2015 to $50.9B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Crude Petroleum ($25.2B), Refined Copper ($2.86B), Petroleum Gas ($2.64B), Radioactive Chemicals ($1.98B), and Ferroalloys ($1.68B). The most common destination for the exports of Kazakhstan are China ($9.42B), Italy ($6.76B), Russia ($5.18B), Netherlands ($3.14B), and Turkey ($2.34B).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Import (2020): Other Heating Machinery, $1.54B

Top Origin (2020): Russia, $13.8B

In 2020 Kazakhstan imported $40.8B, making it the number 55 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Kazakhstan changed by $7.84B from $33B in 2015 to $40.8B in 2020.

The most recent imports of Kazakhstan are led by Other Heating Machinery ($1.54B), Packaged Medicaments ($1.21B), Broadcasting Equipment ($1.07B), Cars ($909M), and Computers ($648M). The most common import partners for Kazakhstan are Russia ($13.8B), China ($10.3B), South Korea ($2.31B), Germany ($1.8B), and Turkey ($1B).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Kazakhstan Exports Services (2019): $7.6B

Kazakhstan Imports Services (2019): $10.9B

In 2019, Kazakhstan exported $7.6B worth of services. The top services exported by Kazakhstan in 2019 were Transportation ($3.97B), Personal travel ($2.12B), Other business services ($512M), Business travel ($345M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($278M).

The top services imported by Kazakhstan in 2019 were Other business services ($4.47B), Personal travel ($2.62B), Transportation ($2.5B), Computer and information services ($401M), and Financial services ($204M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Kazakhstan are Ethyl alcohol and other spirits, denatured (12.2k%)and Undenatured ethyl alcohol > 80% by volume (6.61k%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Kazakhstan are:
118: Customs Union Agreement between Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia
133: Kazakhstan Generalized System of Preference
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
190: Preferential tariff for Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries
191: Preferential tariff for Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries
254: Preferential tariff for Least Developed Countries
333: Preferential tariff for Vietnam

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Kazakhstan has a high level of specialization in Linseed (71.4), Radioactive Chemicals (61.4), Wheat Flours (33.9), Sulphur (28.5), and Precious Metal Ore (23.3). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Kazakhstan observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Kazakhstan according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Railway and tramway track material of iron or steel (0.68), Parts of railway, tramway locomotives, rolling-stock (0.66), Cyclic hydrocarbons (0.6), Refractory cements, mortars, concretes except graphite (0.59), and Aircraft, spacecraft, satellites (0.54). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Kazakhstan according to the relatedness index, are Tin Ores (0.13), Nickel Mattes (0.13), Ammonia (0.13), Other Ores (0.12), and Nickel Ore (0.12). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Kazakhstan is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Kazakhstan. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Kazakhstan exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 20 years Kazakhstan's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨34th to the 72nd⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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