Overview: In 2018 India was the number 7 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 16 in total exports, the number 11 in total imports, and the number 45 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI). In 2018, India exported $326B and imported $492B, resulting in a negative trade balance of -$166B. In 2018, India's exports per capita were $241 and its imports per capita were $364.
Trade: The top exports of India are Refined Petroleum ($41.5B), Diamonds ($26.3B), Packaged Medicaments ($14B), Jewellery ($12.4B), and Rice ($7.47B). The top imports of India are Crude Petroleum ($101B), Gold ($32.8B), Coal Briquettes ($27.2B), Diamonds ($24.9B), and Petroleum Gas ($16.9B).
Destinations: India exports mostly to United States ($52B), United Arab Emirates ($27.1B), China ($16.6B), Hong Kong ($12.8B), and Germany ($9.66B), and imports mostly from China ($75.5B), United States ($31.6B), Saudi Arabia ($26.3B), United Arab Emirates ($23.8B), and Iraq ($20.8B).
Location: India borders Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, China, Nepal, and Pakistan by land and Indonesia, Maldives, Sri Lanka, and Thailand by sea.