Overview In 2019 Haiti was the number 125 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 148 in total exports, the number 156 in total imports, the number 160 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 128 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Haiti are Knit T-shirts ($549M), Knit Sweaters ($261M), Knit Women's Suits ($99.1M), Non-Knit Men's Suits ($64M), and Live Fish ($56.4M), exporting mostly to United States ($1.08B), Canada ($91M), Mexico ($23.6M), India ($15.3M), and France ($14.7M).

Imports The top imports of Haiti are Refined Petroleum ($286M), Rice ($223M), Light Rubberized Knitted Fabric ($175M), Palm Oil ($88.6M), and Poultry Meat ($75.2M), importing mostly from United States ($973M), China ($561M), Turkey ($132M), Indonesia ($98.9M), and India ($67.4M).

Location Haiti borders Dominican Republic by land and Bahamas, Colombia, Cuba, Jamaica, and Turks and Caicos Islands by sea.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Export (2019): Knit T-shirts, $549M

Top Destination (2019): United States, $1.08B

In 2019, Haiti exported a total of $1.33B, making it the number 148 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Haiti have changed by $244M from $1.09B in 2014 to $1.33B in 2019.

The most recent exports are led by Knit T-shirts ($549M), Knit Sweaters ($261M), Knit Women's Suits ($99.1M), Non-Knit Men's Suits ($64M), and Live Fish ($56.4M). The most common destination for the exports of Haiti are United States ($1.08B), Canada ($91M), Mexico ($23.6M), India ($15.3M), and France ($14.7M).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Import (2019): Refined Petroleum, $286M

Top Origin (2019): United States, $973M

In 2019 Haiti imported $2.51B, making it the number 156 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Haiti changed by -$1.23B from $3.74B in 2014 to $2.51B in 2019.

The most recent imports of Haiti are led by Refined Petroleum ($286M), Rice ($223M), Light Rubberized Knitted Fabric ($175M), Palm Oil ($88.6M), and Poultry Meat ($75.2M). The most common import partners for Haiti are United States ($973M), China ($561M), Turkey ($132M), Indonesia ($98.9M), and India ($67.4M).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2018 - 2019)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2018 - 2019)

Haiti Exports Services (2019): $529M

Haiti Imports Services (2019): $1.02B

In 2019, Haiti exported $529M worth of services. The top services exported by Haiti in 2019 were Personal travel ($450M), Government services, n.i.e. ($40.4M), Computer and information services ($21.2M), Financial services ($16.7M), and Personal, cultural, and recreational services ($240k).

The top services imported by Haiti in 2019 were Transportation ($653M), Personal travel ($217M), Other business services ($72.6M), Personal, cultural, and recreational services ($37M), and Computer and information services ($25.5M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Haiti are Cigarettes containing tobacco (40%) and Cigars, cheroots and cigarillos, containing tobacco (40%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Haiti are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Haiti has a high level of specialization in Live Fish (314), Knit T-shirts (162), Essential Oils (87.2), Knit Sweaters (60.5), and Bedspreads (55.9). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Haiti observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Haiti according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Invalid carriages, wheelchairs, including motorized (0.45), Mixted odoriferous substances for industrial use (0.19), Articles of leather and composition leather, nes (-0.025), Glass beads, imitation stones (not jewel), ornaments (-0.22), and Postcards, printed or illustrated, greeting cards (-0.23). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Haiti according to the relatedness index, are Coconuts, Brazil Nuts, and Cashews (0.1), Packing Bags (0.1), Non-fillet Frozen Fish (0.097), Gold (0.096), and Knit Men's Coats (0.093). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Haiti is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Haiti. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Haiti exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

During the last 5 years Haiti's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively more complex, moving from the ⁩⁨130th to the 128th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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