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Overview In 2021 Greenland was the number 155 economy in the world in terms of total exports and the number 180 in total imports.

Exports The top exports of Greenland are Crustaceans ($515M), Non-fillet Frozen Fish ($503M), Processed Crustaceans ($203M), Fish Fillets ($99.4M), and Fish: dried, salted, smoked or in brine ($27.8M), exporting mostly to Denmark ($705M), China ($231M), Russia ($101M), Japan ($71.4M), and Germany ($53.1M).

Imports The top imports of Greenland are Refined Petroleum ($131M), Fishing Ships ($111M), Iron Toiletry ($17.7M), Office Machine Parts ($16.7M), and Other Furniture ($14M), importing mostly from Denmark ($594M), Sweden ($132M), Spain ($112M), Iceland ($18.1M), and Germany ($12.9M).

Location Greenland borders Canada, Iceland, and Norway by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade

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Y-AXIS SCALE

The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Greenland.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Latest Data

Flow
Color
Depth

The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Flow
Color
Depth
Top Export (2021)Crustaceans$515M
Top Destination (2021)Denmark$705M

In 2021, Greenland exported a total of $1.39B, making it the number 155 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Greenland have changed by $509M from $876M in 2016 to $1.39B in 2021.

The most recent exports are led by Crustaceans ($515M), Non-fillet Frozen Fish ($503M), Processed Crustaceans ($203M), Fish Fillets ($99.4M), and Fish: dried, salted, smoked or in brine ($27.8M). The most common destination for the exports of Greenland are Denmark ($705M), China ($231M), Russia ($101M), Japan ($71.4M), and Germany ($53.1M).

Explore Visualizations

Exports (2021)
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Destinations (2021)
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Market Growth

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2020 - 2021)
Russia$49.6M (+ 96.3%)
Chinese Taipei$12.8M (+ 40.6%)
United States$12.3M (+ 42.3%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2020 - 2021)
Spain$52.9M (+ 88.8%)
Sweden$52.4M (+ 65.9%)
Denmark$46.4M (+ 8.47%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2020 - 2021)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Greenland Exports Services (2006)$203M
Greenland Imports Services (2006)$315M

In 2006, Greenland exported $203M worth of services. The top services exported by Greenland in 2006 were Air transport ($87.1M), Sea transport ($81.9M), Travel ($13.5M), Communications services ($11.7M), and Other business services ($6.72M).

The top services imported by Greenland in 2006 were Travel ($130M), Personal, cultural, and recreational services ($55.5M), Other business services ($55.1M), Sea transport ($19.8M), and Insurance services ($13.7M).

Service Exports (2006)

Service Imports (2006)

Economic Complexity

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Greenland has a high level of specialization in Non-fillet Frozen Fish (304), Crustaceans (236), Processed Crustaceans (148), Fishing Ships (107), and Fish: dried, salted, smoked or in brine (60.8). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Greenland observed and expected exports in each product.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Greenland according to the relatedness index, were Animal Meal and Pellets (0.03), Gold (0.025), Molluscs (0.025), Processed Fish (0.025), and Cocoa Beans (0.023). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Greenland is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Greenland. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Greenland exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

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