Overview In 2019 Ethiopia was the number 62 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 132 in total exports, the number 110 in total imports, the number 168 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 108 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Ethiopia are Coffee ($837M), Other Oily Seeds ($347M), Gold ($256M), Cut Flowers ($238M), and Zinc Ore ($199M), exporting mostly to China ($518M), United States ($484M), United Arab Emirates ($251M), Saudi Arabia ($197M), and South Korea ($159M).

Imports The top imports of Ethiopia are Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($717M), Gas Turbines ($608M), Packaged Medicaments ($402M), Electric Filament ($266M), and Cars ($225M), importing mostly from China ($2.37B), India ($828M), United Arab Emirates ($788M), France ($787M), and United Kingdom ($622M).

Location Ethiopia borders Djibouti, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, and Sudan by land.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Export (2019): Coffee, $837M

Top Destination (2019): China, $518M

In 2019, Ethiopia exported a total of $3.11B, making it the number 132 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Ethiopia have changed by -$479M from $3.59B in 2014 to $3.11B in 2019.

The most recent exports are led by Coffee ($837M), Other Oily Seeds ($347M), Gold ($256M), Cut Flowers ($238M), and Zinc Ore ($199M). The most common destination for the exports of Ethiopia are China ($518M), United States ($484M), United Arab Emirates ($251M), Saudi Arabia ($197M), and South Korea ($159M).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Import (2019): Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft, $717M

Top Origin (2019): China, $2.37B

In 2019 Ethiopia imported $8.95B, making it the number 110 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Ethiopia changed by -$5.22B from $14.2B in 2014 to $8.95B in 2019.

The most recent imports of Ethiopia are led by Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($717M), Gas Turbines ($608M), Packaged Medicaments ($402M), Electric Filament ($266M), and Cars ($225M). The most common import partners for Ethiopia are China ($2.37B), India ($828M), United Arab Emirates ($788M), France ($787M), and United Kingdom ($622M).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2018 - 2019)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2018 - 2019)

Ethiopia Exports Services (2018): $4.92B

Ethiopia Imports Services (2018): $6.2B

In 2018, Ethiopia exported $4.92B worth of services. The top services exported by Ethiopia in 2018 were Transportation ($3.26B), Personal travel ($591M), Government services, n.i.e. ($410M), Business travel ($377M), and Other business services ($128M).

The top services imported by Ethiopia in 2018 were Transportation ($4.08B), Construction services ($479M), Other business services ($466M), Business travel ($336M), and Personal travel ($276M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Ethiopia are Agarbatti, odorifers operated by burning (35%) and Alcoholic liqueurs nes (35%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Ethiopia are:
115: Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Group I) FTA Member States
116: Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Group II) Non-FTA Member States
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
305: Preferential tariff for Sudan

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Ethiopia has a high level of specialization in Other Oily Seeds (359), Tanned Sheep Hides (279), Tanned Goat Hides (247), Coffee (163), and Cut Flowers (155). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Ethiopia observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Ethiopia according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Air conditioning equipment, machinery (0.64), Ignition/starter equipment, internal combustion engine (0.58), Turbo-jets, turbo-propellers/other gas turbine engines (0.31), Hop cones, fresh or dried, lupulin (0.022), and Meat, edible meat offal nes, fresh, chilled or frozen (-0.11). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Ethiopia according to the relatedness index, are Crustaceans (0.15), Coconuts, Brazil Nuts, and Cashews (0.15), Packing Bags (0.14), Raw Tobacco (0.14), and Tropical Fruits (0.14). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Ethiopia is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Ethiopia. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Ethiopia exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 11 years Ethiopia's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨100th to the 108th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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