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Overview In 2021 Eritrea was the number 166 economy in the world in terms of total exports and the number 197 in total imports.

Exports The top exports of Eritrea are Zinc Ore ($248M), Copper Ore ($194M), Gold ($167M), Non-Knit Women's Suits ($2.31M), and Stone Processing Machines ($1.97M), exporting mostly to China ($352M), United Arab Emirates ($169M), South Korea ($90M), Italy ($1.96M), and Croatia ($1.88M).

Imports The top imports of Eritrea are Other Edible Preparations ($15M), Wheat ($14.1M), Sorghum ($13.7M), Wheat Flours ($13.2M), and Other Furniture ($12.1M), importing mostly from United Arab Emirates ($105M), China ($69.9M), Turkey ($23.7M), United States ($18.6M), and South Africa ($12.5M).

Location Eritrea borders Djibouti, Sudan, and Ethiopia by land and Saudi Arabia and Yemen by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade

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Y-AXIS SCALE

The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Eritrea.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Latest Data

Flow
Color
Depth

The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Subscribe today to OEC pro and access the latest data

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Flow
Color
Depth
Top Export (2021)Zinc Ore$248M
Top Destination (2021)China$352M

In 2021, Eritrea exported a total of $620M, making it the number 166 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Eritrea have changed by $248M from $372M in 2016 to $620M in 2021.

The most recent exports are led by Zinc Ore ($248M), Copper Ore ($194M), Gold ($167M), Non-Knit Women's Suits ($2.31M), and Stone Processing Machines ($1.97M). The most common destination for the exports of Eritrea are China ($352M), United Arab Emirates ($169M), South Korea ($90M), Italy ($1.96M), and Croatia ($1.88M).

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Exports (2021)
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Destinations (2021)
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Market Growth

Flow
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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2020 - 2021)
China$70.4M (+ 25%)
South Korea$44.5M (+ 97.9%)
Croatia$1.5M (+ 391%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2020 - 2021)
United Arab Emirates$27.8M (+ 35.9%)
Turkey$13.8M (+ 139%)
Ukraine$9.95M (+ 637%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2020 - 2021)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Eritrea Exports Services (2000)$60.9M
Eritrea Imports Services (2000)$28.4M

In 2000, Eritrea exported $60.9M worth of services. The top services exported by Eritrea in 2000 were Travel ($34.7M), Transportation ($9.85M), Communications services ($8.21M), Government services, n.i.e. ($6.79M), and Other business services ($624k).

The top services imported by Eritrea in 2000 were Travel ($11.7M), Transportation ($6.52M), Government services, n.i.e. ($4.79M), Other business services ($3.89M), and Communications services ($626k).

Service Exports (2000)

Service Imports (2000)

Economic Complexity

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Eritrea has a high level of specialization in Zinc Ore (681), Copper Ore (72.3), Non-Knit Men's Undergarments (13.3), Gold (13.1), and Flax Fibers (3.77). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Eritrea observed and expected exports in each product.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Eritrea according to the relatedness index, were Knit Men's Shirts (0.019), Precious Metal Ore (0.019), Knit T-shirts (0.018), Lead Ore (0.018), and Non-Knit Men's Suits (0.017). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Eritrea is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Eritrea. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Eritrea exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

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