About

Overview In 2022, Dominican Republic was the number 64 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 92 in total exports, the number 72 in total imports, the number 77 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 62 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .

Exports The top exports of Dominican Republic are Medical Instruments ($1.72B), Gold ($1.46B), Rolled Tobacco ($1.11B), Low-voltage Protection Equipment ($949M), and Ferroalloys ($575M), exporting mostly to United States ($6.85B), Switzerland ($1.08B), Haiti ($1.02B), China ($400M), and India ($390M).

Imports The top imports of Dominican Republic are Refined Petroleum ($2.67B), Petroleum Gas ($1.43B), Cars ($1.26B), Crude Petroleum ($783M), and Coal Briquettes ($690M), importing mostly from United States ($13.7B), China ($4.66B), Brazil ($1.16B), Colombia ($935M), and Spain ($895M).

Location Dominican Republic borders Haiti by land and Colombia, Venezuela, Aruba, Curaçao, and Turks and Caicos Islands by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade

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Y-AXIS SCALE

The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Dominican Republic.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

* Trade values are converted to USD using each month's exchange rate. For December 2023 data, the exchange rate from December 30, 2023 is used.

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Latest Data

Flow
Color
Depth

The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Flow
Color
Depth
Top Export (2022)Medical Instruments$1.72B
Top Destination (2022)United States$6.85B

In 2022, Dominican Republic exported a total of $13.8B, making it the number 92 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Dominican Republic have changed by $2.99B from $10.8B in 2017 to $13.8B in 2022.

The most recent exports are led by Medical Instruments ($1.72B), Gold ($1.46B), Rolled Tobacco ($1.11B), Low-voltage Protection Equipment ($949M), and Ferroalloys ($575M). The most common destination for the exports of Dominican Republic are United States ($6.85B), Switzerland ($1.08B), Haiti ($1.02B), China ($400M), and India ($390M).

Explore Visualizations

Exports (2022)
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Destinations (2022)
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Market Growth

Flow
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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2021 - 2022)
United States$224M (+ 3.38%)
Dominican Republic$181M (+ 620%)
Italy$176M (+ 189%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2021 - 2022)
United States$3.22B (+ 30.8%)
Brazil$538M (+ 86%)
Colombia$477M (+ 104%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2021 - 2022)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Dominican Republic Exports Services (2020)$3.61B
Dominican Republic Imports Services (2020)$2.96B

In 2020, Dominican Republic exported $3.61B worth of services. The top services exported by Dominican Republic in 2020 were Travel ($2.67B), Embassies and consulates ($295M), Air transport ($201M), Sea transport ($141M), and Insurance services ($76.9M).

The top services imported by Dominican Republic in 2020 were Sea transport ($981M), Other business services ($654M), Air transport ($427M), Insurance services ($237M), and Travel ($211M).

Service Exports (2020)

Service Imports (2020)

Economic Complexity

Overview

Economic Complexity (Trade)0.052Rank 62 of 133
Economic Complexity (Technology)-1.25Rank 83 of 96
Economic Complexity (Research)-1.15Rank 126 of 135

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Dominican Republic has a high level of specialization in Other Cotton Fabrics (341), Rolled Tobacco (79.4), Textile Scraps (73.3), Cocoa Beans (38.6), and Molasses (34.8). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Dominican Republic observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

The highest complexity exports of Dominican Republic according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Self-adhesive plates, sheets, film, foil, tape, strip and other flat shapes, of... (1.17), Orthopaedic appliances; including crutches, surgical belts and trusses; splints and other fracture... (1.09), Heterocyclic compounds with oxygen hetero-atom(s) only (1.05), Polymers of vinyl acetate or of other vinyl esters, in primary forms;... (1.01), and Electrical capacitors; fixed, variable or adjustable (pre-set) (0.94). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Dominican Republic according to the relatedness index, were Knit Men's Shirts (0.26), Pepper (0.26), Other Oily Seeds (0.26), Packing Bags (0.26), and Spices (0.25). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Dominican Republic is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Dominican Republic. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Dominican Republic exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Relatedness Space (2022)

Diversification Frontier

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Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Diversification Frontier

Economic Complexity Ranking

Methodology
Scale

During the last 20 years Dominican Republic's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively more complex, moving from the ⁩⁨76th to the 62nd⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings

ECI (Trade) Ranking by Country

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