Overview In 2020 Djibouti was the number 180 economy in the world in terms of total exports and the number 129 in total imports.

Exports The top exports of Djibouti are Chlorides ($45.9M), Palm Oil ($45M), Other Animals ($11.6M), Dried Legumes ($10.9M), and Sheep and Goats ($9.46M), exporting mostly to Ethiopia ($50M), China ($43.9M), India ($16.1M), Saudi Arabia ($16M), and United Kingdom ($6.15M).

Imports The top imports of Djibouti are Refined Petroleum ($374M), Mixed Mineral or Chemical Fertilizers ($246M), Palm Oil ($232M), Seed Oils ($200M), and Delivery Trucks ($134M), importing mostly from China ($2.31B), United Arab Emirates ($754M), India ($337M), Turkey ($320M), and Morocco ($249M).

Location Djibouti borders Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia by land and Yemen by sea.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Djibouti.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Export (2020): Chlorides, $45.9M

Top Destination (2020): Ethiopia, $50M

In 2020, Djibouti exported a total of $160M, making it the number 180 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Djibouti have changed by $61.5M from $98.2M in 2015 to $160M in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Chlorides ($45.9M), Palm Oil ($45M), Other Animals ($11.6M), Dried Legumes ($10.9M), and Sheep and Goats ($9.46M). The most common destination for the exports of Djibouti are Ethiopia ($50M), China ($43.9M), India ($16.1M), Saudi Arabia ($16M), and United Kingdom ($6.15M).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Import (2020): Refined Petroleum, $374M

Top Origin (2020): China, $2.31B

In 2020 Djibouti imported $5.37B, making it the number 129 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Djibouti changed by $1.2B from $4.17B in 2015 to $5.37B in 2020.

The most recent imports of Djibouti are led by Refined Petroleum ($374M), Mixed Mineral or Chemical Fertilizers ($246M), Palm Oil ($232M), Seed Oils ($200M), and Delivery Trucks ($134M). The most common import partners for Djibouti are China ($2.31B), United Arab Emirates ($754M), India ($337M), Turkey ($320M), and Morocco ($249M).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Djibouti Exports Services (2019): $1.15B

Djibouti Imports Services (2019): $626M

In 2019, Djibouti exported $1.15B worth of services. The top services exported by Djibouti in 2019 were Transportation ($615M), Government services, n.i.e. ($362M), Computer and information services ($113M), and Personal travel ($63.1M).

The top services imported by Djibouti in 2019 were Transportation ($532M), Government services, n.i.e. ($31.2M), Personal travel ($25M), Insurance services ($22.6M), and Computer and information services ($15M).

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Djibouti has a high level of specialization in Chlorides (1.73k), Other Animals (946), Sheep and Goats (677), Palm Oil (139), and Dried Legumes (96). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Djibouti observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Djibouti according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Self-propelled earth moving, road making, etc machines (0.78), Pipe, welded, riveted iron or steel, diameter >406.4mm (0.76), Binoculars, monoculars, telescopes, etc (0.43), Containers for compressed, liquefied gas, iron, steel (0.38), and Breathing appliances and gas masks (0.36). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Djibouti according to the relatedness index, are Gold (0.071), Cocoa Beans (0.07), Niobium, Tantalum, Vanadium and Zirconium Ore (0.062), Bananas (0.061), and Crustaceans (0.061). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Djibouti is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Djibouti. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Djibouti exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.