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Overview In 2021 Djibouti was the number 173 economy in the world in terms of total exports and the number 115 in total imports.

Exports The top exports of Djibouti are Palm Oil ($169M), Chlorides ($53M), Sheep and Goats ($16.7M), Dried Legumes ($10.2M), and Industrial Fatty Acids, Oils and Alcohols ($8.66M), exporting mostly to Ethiopia ($175M), China ($52.5M), India ($34.8M), Saudi Arabia ($21M), and United Arab Emirates ($10.6M).

Imports The top imports of Djibouti are Refined Petroleum ($2.04B), Palm Oil ($429M), Mixed Mineral or Chemical Fertilizers ($262M), Raw Sugar ($257M), and Delivery Trucks ($248M), importing mostly from China ($2.57B), Saudi Arabia ($1.8B), United Arab Emirates ($1.03B), India ($644M), and Indonesia ($311M).

Location Djibouti borders Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia by land and Yemen by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade

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Y-AXIS SCALE

The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Djibouti.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Latest Data

Flow
Color
Depth

The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Subscribe today to OEC pro and access the latest data

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Flow
Color
Depth
Top Export (2021)Palm Oil$169M
Top Destination (2021)Ethiopia$175M

In 2021, Djibouti exported a total of $330M, making it the number 173 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Djibouti have changed by $247M from $82.6M in 2016 to $330M in 2021.

The most recent exports are led by Palm Oil ($169M), Chlorides ($53M), Sheep and Goats ($16.7M), Dried Legumes ($10.2M), and Industrial Fatty Acids, Oils and Alcohols ($8.66M). The most common destination for the exports of Djibouti are Ethiopia ($175M), China ($52.5M), India ($34.8M), Saudi Arabia ($21M), and United Arab Emirates ($10.6M).

Explore Visualizations

Exports (2021)
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Destinations (2021)
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Market Growth

Flow
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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2020 - 2021)
Ethiopia$125M (+ 249%)
India$18.7M (+ 117%)
China$8.64M (+ 19.7%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2020 - 2021)
Saudi Arabia$1.69B (+ 1.49k%)
India$306M (+ 90.8%)
United Arab Emirates$274M (+ 36.4%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2020 - 2021)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Djibouti Exports Services (2019)$1.15B
Djibouti Imports Services (2019)$626M

In 2019, Djibouti exported $1.15B worth of services. The top services exported by Djibouti in 2019 were Transportation ($615M), Government services, n.i.e. ($362M), Computer and information services ($113M), and Personal travel ($63.1M).

The top services imported by Djibouti in 2019 were Transportation ($532M), Government services, n.i.e. ($31.2M), Personal travel ($25M), Insurance services ($22.6M), and Computer and information services ($15M).

Service Exports (2019)

Service Imports (2019)

Economic Complexity

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Djibouti has a high level of specialization in Chlorides (1.03k), Sheep and Goats (540), Palm Oil (211), Other Animals (200), and Cereal Flours (60.5). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Djibouti observed and expected exports in each product.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Djibouti according to the relatedness index, were Niobium, Tantalum, Vanadium and Zirconium Ore (0.064), Manganese Ore (0.063), Tin Ores (0.062), Ground Nuts (0.062), and Raw Cotton (0.062). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Djibouti is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Djibouti. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Djibouti exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

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