Overview In 2020 Cuba was the number 151 economy in the world in terms of total exports and the number 149 in total imports.

Exports The top exports of Cuba are Rolled Tobacco ($267M), Raw Sugar ($201M), Nickel Mattes ($143M), Hard Liquor ($82.2M), and Zinc Ore ($68.9M), exporting mostly to China ($441M), Spain ($108M), India ($61.5M), Singapore ($50.2M), and Germany ($49.8M).

Imports The top imports of Cuba are Poultry Meat ($266M), Wheat ($141M), Corn ($135M), Concentrated Milk ($128M), and Rice ($72.7M), importing mostly from Spain ($675M), China ($483M), Italy ($211M), Brazil ($209M), and Canada ($197M).

Location Cuba borders Bahamas, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, United States, and Cayman Islands by sea.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Cuba.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Export (2020): Rolled Tobacco, $267M

Top Destination (2020): China, $441M

In 2020, Cuba exported a total of $1.15B, making it the number 151 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Cuba have changed by -$238M from $1.39B in 2015 to $1.15B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Rolled Tobacco ($267M), Raw Sugar ($201M), Nickel Mattes ($143M), Hard Liquor ($82.2M), and Zinc Ore ($68.9M). The most common destination for the exports of Cuba are China ($441M), Spain ($108M), India ($61.5M), Singapore ($50.2M), and Germany ($49.8M).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Import (2020): Poultry Meat, $266M

Top Origin (2020): Spain, $675M

In 2020 Cuba imported $3.4B, making it the number 149 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Cuba changed by -$3.63B from $7.02B in 2015 to $3.4B in 2020.

The most recent imports of Cuba are led by Poultry Meat ($266M), Wheat ($141M), Corn ($135M), Concentrated Milk ($128M), and Rice ($72.7M). The most common import partners for Cuba are Spain ($675M), China ($483M), Italy ($211M), Brazil ($209M), and Canada ($197M).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Cuba Exports Services (2014): $2.37B

In 2014, Cuba exported $2.37B worth of services. The top services exported by Cuba in 2014 were Travel ($2.37B).

Cuba did not import services in the same year.

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Cuba are Acetic acid (30%)and Agarbatti, odorifers operated by burning (30%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Cuba are:
15: AAP.A25TM N┬░ 36 Acuerdo de Alcance Parcial de Complementaci├│n Econ├│mica entre la Rep├║blica de Guatemala y la Rep├║blica de Cuba, suscrito al amparo del Art├şculo 25 del Tratado de Montevideo de 1980
23: AAP.AG N┬░ 02 - Acuerdo de Alcance Parcial para la Liberaci├│n y Expansi├│n del Comercio Intrarregional de Semillas Suscrito por el Art. 12 del TM80
39: AAP.CE N┬░ 40 Acuerdo de Complementaci├│n Econ├│mica N┬░ 40 Celebrado entre la Rep├║blica de Cuba y la Rep├║blica de Venezuela
41: AAP.CE N┬░ 42 Acuerdo de Complementaci├│n Econ├│mica N┬░ 42 Celebrado entre la Rep├║blica de Cuba y la Rep├║blica de Chile
42: AAP.CE N┬░ 44 Acuerdo de Complementaci├│n Econ├│mica N┬░ 44 Celebrado entre la Rep├║blica de Cuba y la Rep├║blica Oriental del Uruguay
43: AAP.CE N┬░ 46 Acuerdo de Complementaci├│n Econ├│mica N┬░ 46 Celebrado entre la Rep├║blica de Cuba y la Rep├║blica de Ecuador
44: AAP.CE N┬░ 47 Acuerdo de Complementaci├│n Econ├│mica N┬░ 47 Celebrado entre la Rep├║blica de Bolivia y la Rep├║blica de Cuba
45: AAP.CE N┬░ 49 Acuerdo de Complementaci├│n Econ├│mica N┬░ 49 Celebrado entre la Rep├║blica de Colombia y la Rep├║blica de Cuba
46: AAP.CE N┬░ 50 Acuerdo de Complementaci├│n Econ├│mica N┬░ 50 Celebrado entre la Rep├║blica de Cuba y la Rep├║blica del Per├║
47: AAP.CE N┬░ 51 Acuerdo de Complementaci├│n Econ├│mica N┬░ 51 Celebrado entre los Estados Unidos Mexicanos y la Rep├║blica de Cuba
48: AAP.CE N┬░ 52 - Complementaci├│n Econ├│mica entre Cuba y Paraguay
64: AAP.CE N┬░ 62 - Complementaci├│n Econ├│mica entre Argentina, Brasil, Paraguay, Uruguay y Cuba
78: ALADI/AAP.CE/71 (20 de diciembre de 2013) Acuerdo de Alcance Parcial entre la República de Cuba y la República de Panamá
79: AR.AM N┬░ 01 - Acuerdo Regional de Apertura de Mercados en Favor de Bolivia
80: AR.AM N┬░ 02 - Acuerdo Regional de Apertura de Mercados en favor de Ecuador
81: AR.AM N┬░ 03 - Acuerdo Regional de Apertura de Mercados en Favor de Paraguay
82: AR.CEYC N┬░ 7 Acuerdo de Cooperaci├│n e Intercambio en las ├üreas Cultural, Educacional y Cient├şfica (Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, M├ęxico, Panam├í, Paraguay, Per├║, Uruguay)
83: AR.PAR N┬░ 04 - Preferencia Arancelaria Regional (Argentina Bolivia Brasil Chile Colombia Cuba Ecuador M├ęxico Panam├í Paraguay Per├║ Uruguay Venezuela)
125: General duty rate
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
207: Preferential tariff for El Salvador

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Cuba has a high level of specialization in Wood Charcoal (376), Nickel Mattes (335), Rolled Tobacco (163), Zinc Ore (126), and Raw Sugar (117). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Cuba observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Cuba according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Articles of aluminium nes (0.69), Medicaments mixed together for therapeutic use, bulk (0.66), Paintings, drawings, pastels, collages etc, hand made (0.65), Cigarette paper (0.18), and Coal-tar distillation products including oils (-0.068). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Cuba according to the relatedness index, are Gold (0.076), Petroleum Gas (0.065), Non-fillet Frozen Fish (0.065), Bananas (0.064), and Palm Oil (0.063). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Cuba is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Cuba. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Cuba exports. Higher relatedness values ÔÇőÔÇőindicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 16 years Cuba'sÔüę ÔüĘeconomy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ÔüęÔüĘ48th to the 76thÔüę position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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