Flag Bolivia

2019
Economic
Complexity
: -0.85, Rank 126 of 157

2019
Product
Exports | Imports
: $8.04B | $6.57B, 97 of 225 |  121 of 225

2019
Per Capita Product
Exports | Imports
: $698 | $570, 140 of 219 |  171 of 219

2017
Service
Exports | Imports
: $1.25B | $2.32B, 101 of 139 | 88 of 139

Overview: In 2019 Bolivia was the number 91 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 97 in total exports, the number 121 in total imports, the number 124 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 126 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI)

Exports: The top exports of Bolivia are Petroleum Gas ($2.37B), Gold ($1.85B), Zinc Ore ($843M), Soybean Meal ($533M), and Soybean Oil ($289M), exporting mostly to Argentina ($1.24B), Brazil ($1.24B), United Arab Emirates ($950M), India ($798M), and United States ($444M).

In 2019, Bolivia was the world's biggest exporter of Tungsten Ore ($44.5M)

Imports: The top imports of Bolivia are Cars ($385M), Refined Petroleum ($326M), Delivery Trucks ($243M), Raw Iron Bars ($222M), and Buses ($210M), importing mostly from Brazil ($1.41B), Chile ($1.01B), China ($853M), Peru ($707M), and Argentina ($501M).

Location: Bolivia borders Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Peru by land.

Latest Trends (September, 2020)

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Overview: In September 2020 Bolivia exported $491M and imported $627M, resulting in a negative trade balance of $136M. Between September 2019 and September 2020 the exports of Bolivia have decreased by $-280M (-36.3%) from $771M to $491M, while imports decreased by $-106M (-14.5%) from $733M to $627M.

Trade: In September 2020, the top exports of Bolivia were Natural gas, in the gaseous state ($144M), Zinc ores and concentrates ($65.2M), Precious metal ores and concentrates ($50.1M), Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and... ($37.2M), and Oilcake and other solid residues (except... ($33.1M). In September 2020 the top imports of Bolivia were Gas oils ($88.1M), Chemical products and preparations, n.e.s. ($15.4M), Bars and rods (other than those... ($14.2M), Medicaments, n.e.s. ($14.2M), and Food preparations, n.e.s. ($12.3M).

Origins: In September 2020 the exports of Bolivia were mainly from Santa Cruz ($159M), Potos铆 ($125M), Tarija ($82.6M), La Paz ($56.9M), and Oruro ($29.2M), while imports destinations were mainly Santa Cruz ($240M), La Paz ($156M), Oruro ($91.1M), Tarija ($66.4M), and Cochabamba ($45.4M).

Destinations: In September 2020, Bolivia exported mostly to Brazil ($78.7M), Argentina ($78M), Japan ($69.4M), China ($45.6M), and Peru ($37.1M), and imported mostly from China ($149M), Brazil ($96.5M), Argentina ($69.2M), Peru ($54.1M), and Chile ($46.9M).

Growth: In September 2020, the decrease in Bolivia's year-by-year exports was explained primarily by an decrease in exports to United Arab Emirates ($-169M or -88.3%), Argentina ($-52.5M or -40.2%), and Brazil ($-35.3M or -30.9%), and product exports decrease in Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and... ($-165M or -81.6%), Natural gas, in the gaseous state ($-76.9M or -34.9%), and Zinc ores and concentrates ($-28.1M or -30.1%). In September 2020, the decrease in Bolivia's year-by-year imports was explained primarily by an decrease in imports from Brazil ($-26.1M or -21.3%), France ($-18.9M or -86.4%), and China ($-10.3M or -6.5%), and product imports decrease in Motor spirit (gasoline) and other light... ($-47.3M or -94.5%), Telecommunications equipment, n.e.s. ($-17.4M or -99.3%), and Motor vehicles for the transport of... ($-12.1M or -86.8%).

Flow
Value

EXPORT GROWTH (September 2019 - September 2020): $-280M, (-36.3%)

IMPORT GROWTH (September 2019 - September 2020): $-106M, (-14.5%)

MAIN EXPORTER (September 2020): Santa Cruz, $159M

MAIN DESTINATION (September 2020): Brazil, $78.7M

This section shows exports and imports data at subnational level for Bolivia. Click any date in the line plot, any subnational region in the geomap, or any product, destination or origin country to explore the exports or imports behavior of Bolivia over time.

Yearly Exports

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Value
Depth

Top Export (2019): Petroleum Gas, $2.37B

Top Destination (2019): Argentina, $1.24B

In 2019, Bolivia exported a total of $8.04B, making it the number 97 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Bolivia have changed by -$5.5B from $13.5B in 2014 to $8.04B in 2019.

The most recent exports are led by Petroleum Gas ($2.37B), Gold ($1.85B), Zinc Ore ($843M), Soybean Meal ($533M), and Soybean Oil ($289M). The most common destination for the exports of Bolivia are Argentina ($1.24B), Brazil ($1.24B), United Arab Emirates ($950M), India ($798M), and United States ($444M).

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Yearly Imports

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Value
Depth

Top Import (2019): Cars, $385M

Top Origin (2019): Brazil, $1.41B

In 2019 Bolivia imported $6.57B, making it the number 121 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Bolivia changed by -$4B from $10.6B in 2014 to $6.57B in 2019.

The most recent imports of Bolivia are led by Cars ($385M), Refined Petroleum ($326M), Delivery Trucks ($243M), Raw Iron Bars ($222M), and Buses ($210M). The most common import partners for Bolivia are Brazil ($1.41B), Chile ($1.01B), China ($853M), Peru ($707M), and Argentina ($501M).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2018 - 2019)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2018 - 2019)

Bolivia Exports Services (2017): $1.25B

Bolivia Imports Services (2017): $2.32B

In 2017, Bolivia exported $1.25B worth of services. The top services exported by Bolivia in 2017 were Personal travel ($597M), Other transport ($202M), Air transport ($170M), Business travel ($149M), and Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($38.1M).

The top services imported by Bolivia in 2017 were Personal travel ($649M), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($367M), Other transport ($316M), Sea transport ($243M), and Air transport ($200M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Bolivia are Articles for pocket or handbag, nes (40%) and Articles for pocket or handbag, plastic, textile oute (40%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

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*The tariffs applied to imports for Bolivia are:
23: AAP.AG N掳 02 - Acuerdo de Alcance Parcial para la Liberaci贸n y Expansi贸n del Comercio Intrarregional de Semillas Suscrito por el Art. 12 del TM80
30: AAP.CE N掳 22 Acuerdo de Complementaci贸n Econ贸mica N掳 22
36: AAP.CE N掳 36 - Complementaci贸n Econ贸mica entre MERCOSUR y Bolivia
37: AAP.CE N掳 36 - Complementaci贸n Econ贸mica entre Mercosur y Venezuela
44: AAP.CE N掳 47 Acuerdo de Complementaci贸n Econ贸mica N掳 47 Celebrado entre la Rep煤blica de Bolivia y la Rep煤blica de Cuba
66: AAP.CE N掳 66 Acuerdo de Complementaci贸n Econ贸mica No. 66 Celebrado entre los Estados Unidos Mexicanos y el Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
74: Acuerdo de Alcance Parcial de Complementaci贸n Econ贸mica N掳 70 Suscrito entre el Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia, la Rep煤blica de Cuba, la Rep煤blica de Nicaragua y la Rep煤blica Bolivariana de Venezuela
80: AR.AM N掳 02 - Acuerdo Regional de Apertura de Mercados en favor de Ecuador
81: AR.AM N掳 03 - Acuerdo Regional de Apertura de Mercados en Favor de Paraguay
82: AR.CEYC N掳 7 Acuerdo de Cooperaci贸n e Intercambio en las 脕reas Cultural, Educacional y Cient铆fica (Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, M茅xico, Panam谩, Paraguay, Per煤, Uruguay)
83: AR.PAR N掳 04 - Preferencia Arancelaria Regional (Argentina Bolivia Brasil Chile Colombia Cuba Ecuador M茅xico Panam谩 Paraguay Per煤 Uruguay Venezuela)
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
311: Preferential tariff for The Andean Community ( Spanish: Comunidad Andina, CAN)

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

During the last 20 years Bolivia's鈦 鈦╡conomy has become relatively less complex, moving from the 鈦┾仺90th to the 126th鈦 position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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Comparison Map

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Value

This section shows exports, imports and economic complexity data at subnational level for Bolivia. Click any of the Deparment in the geomap to visit the specific subnational profile.

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Bolivia has a high level of specialization in Buckwheat (209), Zinc Ore (170), Raw Tin (146), Lead Ore (97.4), and Precious Metal Ore (83.1). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Bolivia observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Bolivia according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Machines to clean, sort, mill seed, grain, dry legumes (0.24), Asbestos friction materials and articles thereof (0.13), Prepared or preserved meat, meat offal and blood, nes (-0.047), Ceramic building bricks, flooring blocks and tiles (-0.24), and Unwrought tin (-0.41). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Bolivia according to the relatedness index, are Tin Ores (0.13), Mat茅 (0.12), Manganese Ore (0.11), Raw Cotton (0.11), and Crude Petroleum (0.11). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Bolivia is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Diversification Frontier

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Filter
Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.