Flag Romania / Germany Flag

2020
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Exports
: $15.9B, Rnk 1 / 194

2020
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Top Product
: $2.85B, Motor vehicles; parts and accessories (8701 to 8705)

2020
FlagFlag
Exports
: $17.8B, Rnk 20 / 220

2020
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Top Product
: $1.3B, Motor vehicles; parts and accessories (8701 to 8705)

2020
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Economic Complexity (ECI)
: ECI 1.01, Rnk 26 / 127

2020
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Economic Complexity (ECI)
: ECI 1.88, Rnk 4 / 127

2020
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GDP
: $250B, CURRENT US$
Rnk 45 / 204

2010-2020
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GDP GROWTH
: 50%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 57 / 204

2020
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 GDP
: $3.85T, CURRENT US$
Rnk 4 / 204

2010-2020
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GDP GROWTH
: 13.1%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 136 / 204

2020
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GDP PC 
: $12,957, CURRENT US$
Rnk 70 / 204

2010-2020
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GDP PC GROWTH
: 57.7%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 24 / 204

2020
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GDP PC
: $46,253, CURRENT US$
Rnk 20 / 204

2010-2020
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GDP PC GROWTH
: 11.3%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 110 / 204

Romania-Germany In 2020, Romania exported $15.9B to Germany. The main products that Romania exported to Germany are Motor vehicles; parts and accessories (8701 to 8705) ($2.85B), Electrical Control Boards ($1.31B), and Insulated Wire ($1.25B). During the last 25 years the exports of Romania to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 9.83%, from $1.52B in 1995 to $15.9B in 2020.

In 2020, Romania exported services to Germany worth $4.3B, with Computer and information services ($1.38B), Transportation ($1.29B), and Other business services ($1.18B) being the largest in terms of value.

Germany-Romania In 2020, Germany exported $17.8B to Romania. The main products that Germany exported to Romania were Motor vehicles; parts and accessories (8701 to 8705) ($1.3B), Cars ($863M), and Packaged Medicaments ($617M). During the last 25 years the exports of Germany to Romania have increased at an annualized rate of 9.73%, from $1.75B in 1995 to $17.8B in 2020.

In 2020, Germany exported services to Romania worth $1.8B, with Other business services ($922M), Transportation ($395M), and Computer and information services ($239M) being the largest in terms of value.

Comparison In 2020,  Romania ranked 26 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.01), and 41 in total exports ($73B). That same year, Germany ranked 4 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.88), and 3 in total exports ($1.33T).

Historical Data

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Bilateral Trade by Products

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Depth
Value

In 2020, Romania exported $15.9B to Germany. The main products exported from Romania to Germany were Motor vehicles; parts and accessories (8701 to 8705) ($2.85B), Electrical Control Boards ($1.31B), and Insulated Wire ($1.25B). During the last 25 years the exports of Romania to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 9.83%, from $1.52B in 1995 to $15.9B in 2020.

In 2020, Germany exported $17.8B to Romania. The main products exported from Germany to Romania were Motor vehicles; parts and accessories (8701 to 8705) ($1.3B), Cars ($863M), and Packaged Medicaments ($617M). During the last 25 years the exports of Germany to Romania have increased at an annualized rate of 9.73%, from $1.75B in 1995 to $17.8B in 2020.

Romania Exports

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Germany Exports

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Market Competitiveness

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Measure

Romania
Top Destination
: Germany, $15.9B

Germany
Top Destination
: United States, $116B

This map shows whether countries import more from Romania or Germany. Each country is colored based on the difference in imports they receive from Romania and Germany or the difference in the growth in imports.

In 2019, countries that imported more from Romania than Germany were Moldova ($1.03B), Gibraltar ($169M), and Bahrain ($14.8M).

In 2019, countries that imported more from Germany than Romania were United States ($116B), China ($106B), and France ($101B).

Comparative Advantage Romania - Germany

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Flow

This chart compares trade between Romania and Germany by product, considering products traded by both, Romania and Germany.

During 2020, Romania had a large net trade with Germany in the exports of Machines ($6.74B), Transportation ($4.08B), and Metals ($925M).

During 2020, Germany had a large net trade with Romania in the exports of Machines ($6.44B), Transportation ($2.78B), and Chemical Products ($1.8B).

Bilateral Service Trade

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In 2020, Romania exported services to Germany worth $4.3B, with Computer and information services ($1.38B), Transportation ($1.29B), and Other business services ($1.18B) being the largest in terms of value.

In 2020, Germany exported services to Romania worth $1.8B, with Other business services ($922M), Transportation ($395M), and Computer and information services ($239M) being the largest in terms of value.

Service trade data is presented based on availability.

Economic Complexity

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Competitive Landscape

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This visualization show the product space at the HS4 level colored from blue to yellow.  This mean that the more blue a dot/product is, the more Romania has comparative advantage over Germany. Similarly, the more yellow a dot/product is, the more Germany has comparative advantage over Romania.