2022
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GDP
$4.07TCURRENT US$
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2012-2022
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GDP GROWTH
15.5%CURRENT US$
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2022
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 GDP
$301BCURRENT US$
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2012-2022
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GDP GROWTH
68.2%CURRENT US$
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2022
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GDP PC 
$48,432CURRENT US$
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2012-2022
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GDP PC GROWTH
10.4%CURRENT US$
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2022
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GDP PC
$15,892CURRENT US$
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2012-2022
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GDP PC GROWTH
77.9%CURRENT US$
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About

Germany-Romania In 2022, Germany exported $21.4B to Romania. The main products that Germany exported to Romania are Motor vehicles; parts and accessories (8701 to 8705) ($1.47B), Integrated Circuits ($1.11B), and Cars ($951M). During the last 27 years the exports of Germany to Romania have increased at an annualized rate of 9.72%, from $1.75B in 1995 to $21.4B in 2022.

In 2020, Germany exported services to Romania worth $1.8B, with Other business services ($922M), Transportation ($395M), and Computer and information services ($239M) being the largest in terms of value.

Romania-Germany In 2022, Romania exported $18.8B to Germany. The main products that Romania exported to Germany were Motor vehicles; parts and accessories (8701 to 8705) ($3.26B), Electrical Control Boards ($1.5B), and Insulated Wire ($1.38B). During the last 27 years the exports of Romania to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 9.77%, from $1.52B in 1995 to $18.8B in 2022.

In 2020, Romania exported services to Germany worth $4.3B, with Computer and information services ($1.38B), Transportation ($1.29B), and Other business services ($1.18B) being the largest in terms of value.

Comparison In 2022,  Germany ranked 3 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.75), and 3 in total exports ($1.6T). That same year, Romania ranked 22 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.05), and 43 in total exports ($99.5B).

Historical Data

Bilateral Trade by Products

Depth
Value

In 2022, Germany exported $21.4B to Romania. The main products exported from Germany to Romania were Motor vehicles; parts and accessories (8701 to 8705) ($1.47B), Integrated Circuits ($1.11B), and Cars ($951M). During the last 27 years the exports of Germany to Romania have increased at an annualized rate of 9.72%, from $1.75B in 1995 to $21.4B in 2022.

In 2022, Romania exported $18.8B to Germany. The main products exported from Romania to Germany were Motor vehicles; parts and accessories (8701 to 8705) ($3.26B), Electrical Control Boards ($1.5B), and Insulated Wire ($1.38B). During the last 27 years the exports of Romania to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 9.77%, from $1.52B in 1995 to $18.8B in 2022.

Exports from Germany (Flag) to Romania (Flag) (2022)

Exports from Romania (Flag) to Germany (Flag) (2022)

Market Competitiveness

Color
Germany
Top Destination
United States$153B
Romania
Top Destination
Germany$18.8B

This map shows whether countries import more from Germany or Romania. Each country is colored based on the difference in imports they receive from Germany and Romania or the difference in the growth in imports.

In 2021, countries that imported more from Germany than Romania were United States ($153B), France ($120B), and China ($109B).

In 2021, countries that imported more from Romania than Germany were Moldova ($2.14B), Jordan ($1.03B), and Gibraltar ($244M).

Difference in imports from Romania (Flag) and Germany (Flag) (2022)

Comparative Advantage Germany - Romania

Flow
Scale

This chart compares trade between Germany and Romania by product, considering products traded by both, Germany and Romania.

During 2022, Germany had a large net trade with Romania in the exports of Machines ($7.72B), Transportation ($3.15B), and Chemical Products ($2.23B).

During 2022, Romania had a large net trade with Germany in the exports of Machines ($7.74B), Transportation ($4.56B), and Metals ($1.62B).

Service Trade

Bilateral Service Trade

In 2020, Germany exported services to Romania worth $1.8B, with Other business services ($922M), Transportation ($395M), and Computer and information services ($239M) being the largest in terms of value.

In 2020, Romania exported services to Germany worth $4.3B, with Computer and information services ($1.38B), Transportation ($1.29B), and Other business services ($1.18B) being the largest in terms of value.

Service trade data is presented based on availability.

Services Exports from Germany (Flag) to Romania (Flag) (2020)

Services Exports from Romania (Flag) to Germany (Flag) (2020)

Economic Complexity

Competitive Landscape

This visualization show the product space at the HS4 level colored from blue to yellow.  This mean that the more blue a dot/product is, the more Germany has comparative advantage over Romania. Similarly, the more yellow a dot/product is, the more Romania has comparative advantage over Germany.

Product Space of Germany (Flag) and Romania (Flag) (2022)

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