Overview: In 2019 Mauritania was the number 146 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 119 in total exports, the number 140 in total imports, the number 148 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 130 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports: The top exports of Mauritania are Iron Ore ($1.68B), Non-fillet Frozen Fish ($692M), Gold ($600M), Molluscs ($377M), and Processed Crustaceans ($368M), exporting mostly to China ($1.42B), Switzerland ($549M), Spain ($409M), Japan ($398M), and Italy ($225M).

Imports: The top imports of Mauritania are Special Purpose Ships ($160M), Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($136M), Wheat ($127M), Raw Sugar ($97.9M), and Refined Petroleum ($94.9M), importing mostly from China ($1.08B), France ($255M), Spain ($247M), Morocco ($205M), and United Arab Emirates ($197M).

Location: Mauritania borders Algeria, Mali, Morocco, and Senegal by land and Cape Verde by sea.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Value
Depth

Top Export (2019): Iron Ore, $1.68B

Top Destination (2019): China, $1.42B

In 2019, Mauritania exported a total of $4.4B, making it the number 119 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Mauritania have changed by $94.4M from $4.3B in 2014 to $4.4B in 2019.

The most recent exports are led by Iron Ore ($1.68B), Non-fillet Frozen Fish ($692M), Gold ($600M), Molluscs ($377M), and Processed Crustaceans ($368M). The most common destination for the exports of Mauritania are China ($1.42B), Switzerland ($549M), Spain ($409M), Japan ($398M), and Italy ($225M).

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Yearly Imports

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Value
Depth

Top Import (2019): Special Purpose Ships, $160M

Top Origin (2019): China, $1.08B

In 2019 Mauritania imported $4.2B, making it the number 140 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Mauritania changed by -$1.03B from $5.23B in 2014 to $4.2B in 2019.

The most recent imports of Mauritania are led by Special Purpose Ships ($160M), Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($136M), Wheat ($127M), Raw Sugar ($97.9M), and Refined Petroleum ($94.9M). The most common import partners for Mauritania are China ($1.08B), France ($255M), Spain ($247M), Morocco ($205M), and United Arab Emirates ($197M).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2018 - 2019)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2018 - 2019)

Mauritania Exports Services (2015): $206M

Mauritania Imports Services (2015): $599M

In 2015, Mauritania exported $206M worth of services. The top services exported by Mauritania in 2015 were Other business services ($124M), Government services, n.i.e. ($43.7M), Sea transport ($26.6M), Business travel ($4.77M), and Air transport ($4.76M).

The top services imported by Mauritania in 2015 were Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($292M), Sea transport ($200M), Government services, n.i.e. ($41.9M), Air transport ($32.6M), and Business travel ($20.6M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Mauritania are Acrylic & vinyl polymer based paint, varnish, in wate (20%) and Acrylic or vinyl polymer paint or varnish, non-aqueou (20%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Mauritania are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Mauritania has a high level of specialization in Fish Oil (190), Molluscs (143), Non-fillet Frozen Fish (111), Animal Meal and Pellets (106), and Iron Oxides and Hydroxides (104). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Mauritania observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Mauritania according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Iron oxides, hydroxides, earth colours >70% iron (-0.04), Animal or vegetable fertilizers, in packs >10 kg (-0.62), Natural sand except sand for mineral extraction (-0.96), Gypsum, anhydride, gypsum plaster (-1.11), and Copper, copper alloy, waste or scrap (-1.13). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Mauritania according to the relatedness index, are Crude Petroleum (0.044), Tropical Fruits (0.041), Coconuts, Brazil Nuts, and Cashews (0.038), Other Oily Seeds (0.037), and Manganese Ore (0.037). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Mauritania is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Mauritania. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Mauritania exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

During the last 13 years Mauritania's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨119th to the 130th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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