Overview: In 2018 Japan was the number 5 economy in the world in terms of GDP (constant 2011 international USD), the number 4 in total exports, the number 5 in total imports, and the number 1 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI). In 2018, Japan exported $713B and imported $653B, resulting in a positive trade balance of $59.2B. In 2018, Japan's exports per capita were $5.63k and its imports per capita were $5.16k.
Trade: The top exports of Japan are Cars ($103B), Vehicle Parts ($36.3B), Integrated Circuits ($30.9B), Machinery Having Individual Functions ($23.1B), and Photo Lab Equipment ($11.9B). The top imports of Japan are Crude Petroleum ($72.3B), Coal Briquettes ($21.9B), Petroleum Gas ($19.3B), Broadcasting Equipment ($18B), and Integrated Circuits ($17.9B).
Destinations: Japan exports mostly to China ($139B), United States ($135B), South Korea ($51.5B), Chinese Taipei ($41.1B), and Thailand ($31.6B), and imports mostly from China ($155B), United States ($73.5B), South Korea ($30.8B), Saudi Arabia ($29.4B), and Australia ($27.6B).
Location: Japan borders China, North Korea, South Korea, Philippines, and Russia by sea.