Pennsylvania

State in United States

2019
Economic
Complexity
: 0.45, Rank 12 of 53

Jan 2021
Trade
Exports | Imports
: $3.2B | $7.94B, 12 of 54 | 8 of 54

Jan 2021
Country
Destination | Origin
: Canada | China , $870M  | $1.37B

Jan 2021
Product
Exports | Imports
: Blood, antisera, vaccines, toxins and cultures | Packaged Medicaments , $207M  | $1.58B

Overview: This page contains the latest international trade data for Pennsylvania, including export and import data.

Exports: In 2020, United States' Pennsylvania exported $37.4B, making it the 12th largest exporter out of the 53 exporters in United States. In 2020 the top exports of Pennsylvania were Medicaments nes, in dosage ($1.49B), Propane, liquefied ($1.22B), Bituminous coal, not agglomerated ($1.22B), Vaccines, human use ($964M), and Palladium unwrought or in powder form ($825M).

Imports: In 2020, United States' Pennsylvania imported $84.5B, making it the 8th largest importer out of the 53 importers in United States. In 2020 top imports of Pennsylvania were Medicaments nes, in dosage ($12.5B), Vaccines, human use ($4.62B), Telephones for cellular networks or for... ($2.65B), Commodities not specified according to kind ($2.64B), and Blood, human or animal, antisera, other... ($2.6B).

Economic Complexity: In 2019, the highest complexity exports of Pennsylvania according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Photographic Film (1.96), Tool Plates (1.96), Cermets (1.87), Halides (1.86), and Other Measuring Instruments (1.86). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Comparison in Time

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This section shows the differences between Pennsylvania's total subnational aggregate trade throughout time. To explore the trade patterns of the country, visit United States's country profile.

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Yearly Exports

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Top Destination (2020): Canada, $9.7B

Top Product (2020): Medicaments nes, in dosage, $1.49B

In 2020 the top export destinations of Pennsylvania were Canada ($9.7B), Mexico ($3.8B), China ($2.74B), United Kingdom ($2.28B), and Japan ($1.67B).

In 2020 the top exports of Pennsylvania were Medicaments nes, in dosage ($1.49B), Propane, liquefied ($1.22B), Bituminous coal, not agglomerated ($1.22B), Vaccines, human use ($964M), and Palladium unwrought or in powder form ($825M).

Exports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Exports Destination (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Rapidly Declining Export Origins (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Yearly Imports

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Top Origin (2020): China, $13.5B

Top Import (2020): Medicaments nes, in dosage, $12.5B

In 2020 the top import origins of Pennsylvania were China ($13.5B), Canada ($9.94B), Switzerland ($7.21B), Germany ($6.35B), and Mexico ($5.8B).

In 2020 the top imports of Pennsylvania were Medicaments nes, in dosage ($12.5B), Vaccines, human use ($4.62B), Telephones for cellular networks or for... ($2.65B), Commodities not specified according to kind ($2.64B), and Blood, human or animal, antisera, other... ($2.6B).

Imports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Import Origins (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Rapidly Declining Import Origins (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity of United States

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Pennsylvania ranks 12th out of the 53 states and territories in United States according to ECI.

Estimated using exports data.

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Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities according to the relatedness level, without considering those products were Pennsylvania already has a comparative advantage, are led by Developed Exposed Photographic Material (0.45), X-Ray Equipment (0.44), Artificial Filament Tow (0.43), Photo Lab Equipment (0.42), and Metalworking Transfer Machines (0.42).

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Pennsylvania according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Photographic Film (1.96), Tool Plates (1.96), Cermets (1.87), Halides (1.86), and Other Measuring Instruments (1.86). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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The most specialized products according to the RCA index are led by Opto-Electric Instrument Parts (68.1), Nickel Bars (49.9), Nickel Sheets (39.2), Other Locomotives (35), and Precious Metal Compounds (32.7).

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since Pennsylvania is more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of  Pennsylvania. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Pennsylvania exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a territory's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.