North Dakota

State in United States

2019
Economic
Complexity
: -0.25, Rank 50 of 53

Jan 2021
Trade
Exports | Imports
: $451M | $233M, 39 of 54 | 48 of 54

Jan 2021
Country
Destination | Origin
: Canada | Canada , $326M  | $166M

Jan 2021
Product
Exports | Imports
: Refined Petroleum | Commodities not elsewhere specified , $160M  | $29.1M

Overview: This page contains the latest international trade data for North Dakota, including export and import data.

Exports: In 2020, United States' North Dakota exported $5.19B, making it the 39th largest exporter out of the 53 exporters in United States. In 2020 the top exports of North Dakota were Petroleum spirit for motor vehicles ($1.76B), Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,... ($1.46B), Tractors; n.e.c. in heading no 8701... ($121M), Front end shovel loaders ($113M), and Maize except seed corn ($103M).

Imports: In 2020, United States' North Dakota imported $2.86B, making it the 46th largest importer out of the 53 importers in United States. In 2020 top imports of North Dakota were Commodities not specified according to kind ($345M), Waste and scrap of precious metals:... ($261M), Oil seeds: low erucic acid rape... ($134M), Parts of hydraulic/pneumatic/other power engines ($88.2M), and Diesel powered buses ($86.3M).

Economic Complexity: In 2019, the highest complexity exports of North Dakota according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Phenols (1.41), Nucleic Acids (1.27), Navigation Equipment (1.21), Vitamins (1.08), and Lifting Machinery (1.08). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Comparison in Time

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This section shows the differences between North Dakota's total subnational aggregate trade throughout time. To explore the trade patterns of the country, visit United States's country profile.

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Yearly Exports

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Top Destination (2020): Canada, $4.39B

Top Product (2020): Petroleum spirit for motor vehicles, $1.76B

In 2020 the top export destinations of North Dakota were Canada ($4.39B), Mexico ($253M), Australia ($118M), Germany ($61.4M), and Japan ($35.5M).

In 2020 the top exports of North Dakota were Petroleum spirit for motor vehicles ($1.76B), Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,... ($1.46B), Tractors; n.e.c. in heading no 8701... ($121M), Front end shovel loaders ($113M), and Maize except seed corn ($103M).

Exports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Exports Destination (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Rapidly Declining Export Origins (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Yearly Imports

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Top Origin (2020): Canada, $1.78B

Top Import (2020): Commodities not specified according to kind, $345M

In 2020 the top import origins of North Dakota were Canada ($1.78B), Mexico ($138M), China ($118M), Germany ($117M), and India ($73.9M).

In 2020 the top imports of North Dakota were Commodities not specified according to kind ($345M), Waste and scrap of precious metals:... ($261M), Oil seeds: low erucic acid rape... ($134M), Parts of hydraulic/pneumatic/other power engines ($88.2M), and Diesel powered buses ($86.3M).

Imports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Import Origins (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Rapidly Declining Import Origins (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity of United States

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North Dakota ranks 50th out of the 53 states and territories in United States according to ECI.

Estimated using exports data.

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Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities according to the relatedness level, without considering those products were North Dakota already has a comparative advantage, are led by Barley (0.086), Antifreeze (0.078), Bovine Meat (0.078), Other Vegetable Residues (0.077), and Other Oily Seeds (0.077).

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of North Dakota according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Phenols (1.41), Nucleic Acids (1.27), Navigation Equipment (1.21), Vitamins (1.08), and Lifting Machinery (1.08). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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The most specialized products according to the RCA index are led by Soil Preparation Machinery (38.3), Starch Residue (36.5), Dried Legumes (28), Alcohol > 80% ABV (27.9), and Rapeseed (17.3).

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since North Dakota is more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of  North Dakota. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that North Dakota exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a territory's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.