California

State in United States

2019
Economic
Complexity
: 0.19, Rank 36 of 53

Jan 2021
Trade
Exports | Imports
: $13.1B | $33.3B, 2 of 54 | 1 of 54

Jan 2021
Country
Destination | Origin
: Mexico | China , $1.97B  | $10.7B

Jan 2021
Product
Exports | Imports
: Machines and apparatus of a kind used solely or principally for the manufacture of semiconductor boules or wafers, semiconductor devices, electronic integrated circuits or flat panel displays | Computers , $845M  | $3.02B

Overview: This page contains the latest international trade data for California, including export and import data.

Exports: In 2020, United States' California exported $156B, making it the 2nd largest exporter out of the 53 exporters in United States. In 2020 the top exports of California were Aircraft parts nes ($5.85B), Vehicles; with only electric motor for... ($5.65B), Machines and apparatus of a kind... ($4.82B), Electronic integrated circuits: n.e.c. in heading... ($3.86B), and Communication apparatus (excluding telephone sets or... ($3.79B).

Imports: In 2020, United States' California imported $396B, making it the 1st largest importer out of the 53 importers in United States. In 2020 top imports of California were Medium Sized Cars ($19.8B), Automatic data processing machines: portable, weighing... ($18.7B), Parts and accessories of data processing... ($11.4B), Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,... ($10.8B), and Communication apparatus (excluding telephone sets or... ($10.5B).

Economic Complexity: In 2019, the highest complexity exports of California according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Developed Exposed Photographic Material (2.81), Metalworking Transfer Machines (2.32), Photographic Chemicals (2.16), Halides (1.86), and Other Measuring Instruments (1.86). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Comparison in Time

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This section shows the differences between California's total subnational aggregate trade throughout time. To explore the trade patterns of the country, visit United States's country profile.

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Yearly Exports

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Top Destination (2020): Mexico, $24.1B

Top Product (2020): Aircraft parts nes, $5.85B

In 2020 the top export destinations of California were Mexico ($24.1B), Canada ($15.9B), China ($15B), Japan ($10.7B), and South Korea ($9.78B).

In 2020 the top exports of California were Aircraft parts nes ($5.85B), Vehicles; with only electric motor for... ($5.65B), Machines and apparatus of a kind... ($4.82B), Electronic integrated circuits: n.e.c. in heading... ($3.86B), and Communication apparatus (excluding telephone sets or... ($3.79B).

Exports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Exports Destination (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Rapidly Declining Export Origins (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Yearly Imports

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Top Origin (2020): China, $130B

Top Import (2020): Medium Sized Cars, $19.8B

In 2020 the top import origins of California were China ($130B), Mexico ($47.9B), Canada ($26.5B), South Korea ($21.1B), and Japan ($20.4B).

In 2020 the top imports of California were Medium Sized Cars ($19.8B), Automatic data processing machines: portable, weighing... ($18.7B), Parts and accessories of data processing... ($11.4B), Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,... ($10.8B), and Communication apparatus (excluding telephone sets or... ($10.5B).

Imports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Import Origins (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Rapidly Declining Import Origins (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity of United States

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California ranks 36th out of the 53 states and territories in United States according to ECI.

Estimated using exports data.

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Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities according to the relatedness level, without considering those products were California already has a comparative advantage, are led by Aircraft Launch Gear (0.31), Photo Lab Equipment (0.31), Phenol Derivatives (0.3), Gas Turbines (0.3), and Photographic Film (0.3).

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of California according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Developed Exposed Photographic Material (2.81), Metalworking Transfer Machines (2.32), Photographic Chemicals (2.16), Halides (1.86), and Other Measuring Instruments (1.86). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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The most specialized products according to the RCA index are led by Other Nuts (43.9), Borates (30.5), Forage Crops (20.3), Recovered Paper (11.7), and Developed Exposed Photographic Material (11.2).

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since California is more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of  California. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that California exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a territory's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.