Niigata

Prefecture in Chūbu Region of Japan

2019
Economic
Complexity
: 0.4, Rank 24 of 41

Feb 2021
Trade
Exports | Imports
: ¥ 12.6B | ¥ 85.7B, 20 of 41 | 13 of 41

Feb 2021
Country
Destination | Origin
: South Korea | United States , ¥ 3.52B  | ¥ 25.7B

Feb 2021
Product
Exports | Imports
: Cellulose | Petroleum Gas , ¥ 1.51B  | ¥ 58.1B

Overview: This page contains the latest international trade data for Niigata, including export and import data.

Exports: In 2020, Japan's Niigata exported ¥ 143B, making it the 25th largest exporter out of the 41 exporters in Japan. In 2020 the top exports of Niigata were Cellulose ethers nes, in primary forms (¥ 18.2B), Ferrous waste or scrap, nes (¥ 5.53B), Paper and paperboard: coated with kaolin... (¥ 5.4B), Polymethyl methacrylate, in primary forms (¥ 5.33B), and Poly(vinyl alcohol): whether or not containing... (¥ 4.72B).

Imports: In 2020, Japan's Niigata imported ¥ 570B, making it the 19th largest importer out of the 41 importers in Japan. In 2020 top imports of Niigata were Natural gas, liquefied (¥ 219B), Wood in chips, non-coniferous (¥ 25.4B), Silicon, >99.99% pure (¥ 16.4B), Propane, liquefied (¥ 9.94B), and Aluminium table/kitchen/household articles, scourers (¥ 8.66B).

Economic Complexity: In 2019, the highest complexity exports of Niigata according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Metalworking Transfer Machines (2.32), Photographic Chemicals (2.16), Other Measuring Instruments (1.86), Metal Finishing Machines (1.76), and Blank Audio Media (1.74). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Comparison in Time

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Flow
Value

This section shows the differences between Niigata's total subnational aggregate trade throughout time. To explore the trade patterns of the country, visit Japan's country profile.

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Yearly Exports

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Value
Depth

Top Destination (2020): South Korea, ¥ 34.4B

Top Product (2020): Cellulose ethers nes, in primary forms, ¥ 18.2B

In 2020 the top export destinations of Niigata were South Korea (¥ 34.4B), China (¥ 25.2B), Taiwan (¥ 12.4B), United States (¥ 11.3B), and Germany (¥ 9.04B).

In 2020 the top exports of Niigata were Cellulose ethers nes, in primary forms (¥ 18.2B), Ferrous waste or scrap, nes (¥ 5.53B), Paper and paperboard: coated with kaolin... (¥ 5.4B), Polymethyl methacrylate, in primary forms (¥ 5.33B), and Poly(vinyl alcohol): whether or not containing... (¥ 4.72B).

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Exports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Exports Destination (Feb 2020 - Feb 2021)

Rapidly Declining Export Origins (Feb 2020 - Feb 2021)

Yearly Imports

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Value
Depth

Top Origin (2020): China, ¥ 171B

Top Import (2020): Natural gas, liquefied, ¥ 219B

In 2020 the top import origins of Niigata were China (¥ 171B), Australia (¥ 86.6B), Russia (¥ 49.6B), United States (¥ 45.5B), and Malaysia (¥ 42.3B).

In 2020 the top imports of Niigata were Natural gas, liquefied (¥ 219B), Wood in chips, non-coniferous (¥ 25.4B), Silicon, >99.99% pure (¥ 16.4B), Propane, liquefied (¥ 9.94B), and Aluminium table/kitchen/household articles, scourers (¥ 8.66B).

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Imports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Import Origins (Feb 2020 - Feb 2021)

Rapidly Declining Import Origins (Feb 2020 - Feb 2021)

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity of Japan

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Niigata ranks 24th out of the 41 prefectures in Japan according to ECI.

Estimated using exports data.

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

The economic complexity of a territory can change year to year. Niigata it is in position 24th considering its ECI in the last year.

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Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities according to the relatedness level, without considering those products were Niigata already has a comparative advantage, are led by Photo Lab Equipment (0.17), Tensile Testing Machines (0.16), Halides (0.16), Machinery Having Individual Functions (0.16), and Metalworking Machines (0.16).

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Niigata according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Metalworking Transfer Machines (2.32), Photographic Chemicals (2.16), Other Measuring Instruments (1.86), Metal Finishing Machines (1.76), and Blank Audio Media (1.74). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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The most specialized products according to the RCA index are led by Cellulose (346), Hypochlorites (336), Other Vinyl Polymers (120), Metal Pickling Preparations (116), and Limestone (74.3).

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since Niigata is more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of  Niigata. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Niigata exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a territory's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.