Catalonia

Autonomous Community in Spain

2019
Economic
Complexity
: 0.064, Rank 4 of 18

Jan 2021
Trade
Exports | Imports
: €5.25B | €6.08B, 1 of 19 | 1 of 19

Jan 2021
Country
Destination | Origin
: France | Germany , €924M  | €956M

Jan 2021
Product
Exports | Imports
: Cars | Cars , €524M  | €390M

Overview: This page contains the latest international trade data for Catalonia, including export and import data.

Exports: In 2020, Spain's Catalonia exported €66.3B, making it the 1st largest exporter out of the 18 exporters in Spain. In 2020 the top exports of Catalonia were Medicaments nes, in dosage (€4.23B), Micro Cars (€2.18B), Swine cuts, frozen nes (€1.64B), Small Sized Cars (€1.36B), and Swine cuts, fresh or chilled, nes (€847M).

Imports: In 2020, Spain's Catalonia imported €75.7B, making it the 1st largest importer out of the 18 importers in Spain. In 2020 top imports of Catalonia were Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,... (€2.17B), Medicaments nes, in dosage (€1.92B), Medium Diesel Engine Cars (€1.46B), Heterocyclic compounds: n.e.c. in headings no.... (€1.31B), and Light petroleum distillates nes (€1.06B).

Economic Complexity: In 2019, the highest complexity exports of Catalonia according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Silicone (1.83), Photographic Plates (1.69), Other Nitrogen Compounds (1.44), Phenols (1.41), and Petroleum Resins (1.38). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Comparison in Time

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Flow
Value

This section shows the differences between Catalonia's total subnational aggregate trade throughout time. To explore the trade patterns of the country, visit Spain's country profile.

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Yearly Exports

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Value
Depth

Top Destination (2020): France, €11.5B

Top Product (2020): Medicaments nes, in dosage, €4.23B

In 2020 the top export destinations of Catalonia were France (€11.5B), Germany (€6.88B), Italy (€5.78B), Portugal (€4.21B), and United Kingdom (€3.3B).

In 2020 the top exports of Catalonia were Medicaments nes, in dosage (€4.23B), Micro Cars (€2.18B), Swine cuts, frozen nes (€1.64B), Small Sized Cars (€1.36B), and Swine cuts, fresh or chilled, nes (€847M).

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Exports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Exports Destination (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Rapidly Declining Export Origins (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Yearly Imports

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Value
Depth

Top Origin (2020): Germany, €11.8B

Top Import (2020): Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,..., €2.17B

In 2020 the top import origins of Catalonia were Germany (€11.8B), China (€8.27B), France (€6.93B), Italy (€5.99B), and Netherlands (€3.58B).

In 2020 the top imports of Catalonia were Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,... (€2.17B), Medicaments nes, in dosage (€1.92B), Medium Diesel Engine Cars (€1.46B), Heterocyclic compounds: n.e.c. in headings no.... (€1.31B), and Light petroleum distillates nes (€1.06B).

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Imports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Import Origins (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Rapidly Declining Import Origins (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity of Spain

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Catalonia ranks 4th out of the 18 autonomous communities in Spain according to ECI.

Estimated using exports data.

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

The economic complexity of a territory can change year to year. Catalonia it is in position 4th considering its ECI in the last year.

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Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities according to the relatedness level, without considering those products were Catalonia already has a comparative advantage, are led by Knit Men's Coats (0.44), Other Processed Vegetables (0.44), Toilet Paper (0.43), Knit Men's Suits (0.43), and Knit Men's Undergarments (0.43).

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Catalonia according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Silicone (1.83), Photographic Plates (1.69), Other Nitrogen Compounds (1.44), Phenols (1.41), and Petroleum Resins (1.38). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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The most specialized products according to the RCA index are led by Animal Fat (21.6), Pig Meat (21.2), Leather of Other Animals (20.7), Agglomerated Cork (18.8), and Synthetic Tanning Extracts (16.7).

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since Catalonia is more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of  Catalonia. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Catalonia exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a territory's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.