Overview This page contains the latest international trade data for Barcelona. In August 2022 Barcelona was the number 1 in total exports and the number 2 in total imports in Spain.

Exports In 2021, Spain's Barcelona exported €61.3B, making it the 1st largest exporter out of the 52 exporters in Spain. In 2021 the top exports of Barcelona were Medicaments nes, in dosage (€4.35B), Micro Cars (€2.33B), Perfumes and toilet waters (€1.3B), Small Sized Cars (€1.12B), and Medium Sized Cars (€1.03B).

Imports In 2021, Spain's Barcelona imported €71.5B, making it the 2nd largest importer out of the 52 importers in Spain. In 2021 top imports of Barcelona were Medicaments nes, in dosage (€2.03B), Light petroleum distillates nes (€1.42B), Sulphonamides; n.e.c. in heading no. 2935 (€1.3B), Heterocyclic compounds: n.e.c. in headings no.... (€1.02B), and Heterocyclic compounds with unfused pyrazole ring,... (€987M).

Economic Complexity In 2020, the highest complexity exports of Barcelona according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Pig Meat (0.76), Animal Fat (0.55), Spring, Air, and Gas Guns (0.46), Electric Locomotives (0.37), and Cigarette Paper (0.12). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Destination (2021): France, €9.21B

Top Product (2021): Medicaments nes, in dosage, €4.35B

In 2021 the top export destinations of Barcelona were France (€9.21B), Germany (€6.47B), Italy (€5.54B), Portugal (€3.75B), and Switzerland (€3.59B).

In 2021 the top exports of Barcelona were Medicaments nes, in dosage (€4.35B), Micro Cars (€2.33B), Perfumes and toilet waters (€1.3B), Small Sized Cars (€1.12B), and Medium Sized Cars (€1.03B).

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Exports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Exports Destination (Aug 2021 - Aug 2022)

Rapidly Declining Export Origins (Aug 2021 - Aug 2022)

Yearly Imports

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Top Origin (2021): Germany, €10.4B

Top Import (2021): Medicaments nes, in dosage, €2.03B

In 2021 the top import origins of Barcelona were Germany (€10.4B), China (€9.35B), France (€6.5B), Italy (€5.97B), and Netherlands (€3.71B).

In 2021 the top imports of Barcelona were Medicaments nes, in dosage (€2.03B), Light petroleum distillates nes (€1.42B), Sulphonamides; n.e.c. in heading no. 2935 (€1.3B), Heterocyclic compounds: n.e.c. in headings no.... (€1.02B), and Heterocyclic compounds with unfused pyrazole ring,... (€987M).

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Imports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Import Origins (Aug 2021 - Aug 2022)

Rapidly Declining Import Origins (Aug 2021 - Aug 2022)

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity of Barcelona

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Economic Complexity (2021): 0.1

Barcelona ranks 5th out of the 52 provinces in Spain according to ECI.

The Economic Complexity Index, or ECI, is a measure of an economy’s capacity which can be inferred from data connecting locations to the activities that are present in them. For more info about Economic Complexity, visit the Economic Complexity page.

Estimated using exports data.

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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The economic complexity of a territory can change year to year. Barcelona it is in position 5th considering its ECI in the last year.

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Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities according to the relatedness level, without considering those products were Barcelona already has a comparative advantage, are led by Toilet Paper (0.42), Knit Men's Undergarments (0.42), Other Processed Vegetables (0.41), Natural Cork Articles (0.41), and Cheese (0.41).

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Barcelona according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Pig Meat (0.76), Animal Fat (0.55), Spring, Air, and Gas Guns (0.46), Electric Locomotives (0.37), and Cigarette Paper (0.12). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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The most specialized products according to the RCA index are led by Leather of Other Animals (25.6), Perfumes (21.7), Cigarette Paper (20.8), Synthetic Tanning Extracts (20.1), and Electric Locomotives (19.2).

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since Barcelona is more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of  Barcelona. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Barcelona exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a territory's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions. Bubble size corresponds to exports value by year 2020.