Overview: This page contains the latest international trade data for Barcelona, including export and import data.

Exports: In 2020, Spain's Barcelona exported €50.7B, making it the 1st largest exporter out of the 52 exporters in Spain. In 2020 the top exports of Barcelona were Medicaments nes, in dosage (€4.09B), Micro Cars (€2.18B), Small Sized Cars (€1.33B), Motor vehicle parts nes (€773M), and Swine cuts, frozen nes (€756M).

Imports: In 2020, Spain's Barcelona imported €61.1B, making it the 2nd largest importer out of the 52 importers in Spain. In 2020 top imports of Barcelona were Medicaments nes, in dosage (€1.87B), Medium Diesel Engine Cars (€1.42B), Heterocyclic compounds: n.e.c. in headings no.... (€1.29B), Light petroleum distillates nes (€858M), and Small Sized Cars (€844M).

Economic Complexity: In 2019, the highest complexity exports of Barcelona according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Carboxyimide Compounds (1.4), Glass Mirrors (1.28), Amino-resins (1.25), Aldehydes (0.96), and Laboratory Reagents (0.88). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Time Scale
Flow
Value
Depth

EXPORT GROWTH (April 2020 - April 2021): €2.21B, (78.3%)

IMPORT GROWTH (April 2020 - April 2021): €1.94B, (48.9%)

This section shows exports and imports data at subnational level for Barcelona. Click any date in the line plot, any subnational region in the geomap, or any product, destination or origin country to explore the exports or imports behavior of Barcelona over time.

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Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Value
Depth

Top Destination (2020): France, €7.86B

Top Product (2020): Medicaments nes, in dosage, €4.09B

In 2020 the top export destinations of Barcelona were France (€7.86B), Germany (€5.63B), Italy (€4.25B), Portugal (€3.18B), and Switzerland (€2.99B).

In 2020 the top exports of Barcelona were Medicaments nes, in dosage (€4.09B), Micro Cars (€2.18B), Small Sized Cars (€1.33B), Motor vehicle parts nes (€773M), and Swine cuts, frozen nes (€756M).

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Exports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Exports Destination (Apr 2020 - Apr 2021)

Rapidly Declining Export Origins (Apr 2020 - Apr 2021)

Yearly Imports

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Value
Depth

Top Origin (2020): Germany, €10.1B

Top Import (2020): Medicaments nes, in dosage, €1.87B

In 2020 the top import origins of Barcelona were Germany (€10.1B), China (€7.44B), France (€5.33B), Italy (€4.85B), and Netherlands (€2.99B).

In 2020 the top imports of Barcelona were Medicaments nes, in dosage (€1.87B), Medium Diesel Engine Cars (€1.42B), Heterocyclic compounds: n.e.c. in headings no.... (€1.29B), Light petroleum distillates nes (€858M), and Small Sized Cars (€844M).

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Imports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Import Origins (Apr 2020 - Apr 2021)

Rapidly Declining Import Origins (Apr 2020 - Apr 2021)

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity of Spain

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Economic Complexity (2020): 0.081

Barcelona ranks 6th out of the 52 provinces in Spain according to ECI.

The Economic Complexity Index, or ECI, is a measure of an economy’s capacity which can be inferred from data connecting locations to the activities that are present in them. For more info about Economic Complexity, visit the Economic Complexity page.

Estimated using exports data.

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

The economic complexity of a territory can change year to year. Barcelona it is in position 6th considering its ECI in the last year.

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Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities according to the relatedness level, without considering those products were Barcelona already has a comparative advantage, are led by Olive Oil (0.43), Other Processed Vegetables (0.42), Natural Cork Articles (0.42), Toilet Paper (0.42), and Knit Men's Coats (0.42).

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Barcelona according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Carboxyimide Compounds (1.4), Glass Mirrors (1.28), Amino-resins (1.25), Aldehydes (0.96), and Laboratory Reagents (0.88). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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The most specialized products according to the RCA index are led by Cigarette Paper (24.6), Animal Fat (23), Leather of Other Animals (23), Synthetic Tanning Extracts (19.7), and Pig Meat (17.8).

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since Barcelona is more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of  Barcelona. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Barcelona exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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Depth
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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a territory's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.