Andalucía

Autonomous Community in Spain

Exports (2019): €31.7B, Rnk 2/18

Top Destination (2019): €3.88B, Germany

Top Export (2019): €2.69B, Light petroleum distillates nes

Imports (2019): €30.6B, Rnk 3/18

Top Origin (2019): €4.04B, Nigeria

Top Import (2019): €8.31B, Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,...

Economic Complexity (2019): -0.64, Rnk 18 / 18

Overview: This page contains the latest international trade data for Andalucía, including export and import data.

Exports: In 2019, Spain's Andalucía exported €31.7B, making it the 2nd largest exporter out of the 18 exporters in Spain. In 2019 the top exports of Andalucía were Light petroleum distillates nes (€2.69B), Olive oil, virgin (€1.78B), Fixed wing aircraft, unladen weight >... (€1.56B), Petroleum spirit for motor vehicles (€1.52B), and Commodities not specified according to kind (€1.39B).

Imports: In 2019, Spain's Andalucía imported €30.6B, making it the 3rd largest importer out of the 18 importers in Spain. In 2019 top imports of Andalucía were Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,... (€8.31B), Natural gas in gaseous state (€1.98B), Light petroleum distillates nes (€1.5B), Copper ores and concentrates (€1.49B), and Natural gas, liquefied (€1.14B).

Economic Complexity: In 2019, the highest complexity exports of Andalucía according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Flat-Rolled Stainless Steel (1.61), Thermostats (1.15), Large Flat-Rolled Stainless Steel (1.13), Electrical Lighting and Signalling Equipment (1.13), and Copper Pipe Fittings (1.1). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Yearly Exports

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Top Destination (2019): Germany, €3.88B

Top Product (2019): Light petroleum distillates nes, €2.69B

In 2019 the top export destinations of Andalucía were Germany (€3.88B), France (€3.26B), Italy (€2.8B), United Kingdom (€2.02B), and Portugal (€1.97B).

In 2019 the top exports of Andalucía were Light petroleum distillates nes (€2.69B), Olive oil, virgin (€1.78B), Fixed wing aircraft, unladen weight >... (€1.56B), Petroleum spirit for motor vehicles (€1.52B), and Commodities not specified according to kind (€1.39B).

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Export Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Exports Destination (June 2019 - June 2020)

Rapidly Declining Export Origins (June 2019 - June 2020)

Yearly Imports

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Top Origin (2019): Nigeria, €4.04B

Top Import (2019): Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,..., €8.31B

In 2019 the top import origins of Andalucía were Nigeria (€4.04B), Algeria (€2.56B), United States (€1.79B), Saudi Arabia (€1.66B), and Germany (€1.58B).

In 2019 the top imports of Andalucía were Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,... (€8.31B), Natural gas in gaseous state (€1.98B), Light petroleum distillates nes (€1.5B), Copper ores and concentrates (€1.49B), and Natural gas, liquefied (€1.14B).

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Import Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Import Origins (June 2019 - June 2020)

Rapidly Declining Import Origins (June 2019 - June 2020)

Comparison in Time

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Value

This section shows differences between total trade from Andalucía throughout time.

This section shows forecasts for total exports and imports from Andalucía. The forecast is based in a Long Short-Term Memory Model constructed using monthly trade data.

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Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity of Spain

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Andalucía ranks 18th out of the 18 autonomous communities in Spain according to ECI.

Estimated using exports data.

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

The economic complexity of a territory can change year to year. Andalucía it is in position 18th considering its ECI in the last year.

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Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities according to the relatedness level, without considering those products were Andalucía already has a comparative advantage, are led by Crude Petroleum (0.23), Gold (0.23), Other Oily Seeds (0.22), Locust beans, seaweed, sugar beet, cane,... (0.22), and Fruit Juice (0.22).

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Andalucía according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Flat-Rolled Stainless Steel (1.61), Thermostats (1.15), Large Flat-Rolled Stainless Steel (1.13), Electrical Lighting and Signalling Equipment (1.13), and Copper Pipe Fittings (1.1). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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The most specialized products according to the RCA index are led by Pure Olive Oil (146), Cucumbers (106), Other Vegetables (51.6), Other Ceramic Articles (45.8), and Preserved Vegetables (45.5).

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since Andalucía is more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of  Andalucía. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Andalucía exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a territory's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.