Andalusia

Autonomous Community in Spain

2019
Economic
Complexity
: -0.61, Rank 18 of 18

Jan 2021
Trade
Exports | Imports
: €2.22B | €1.9B, 3 of 19 | 4 of 19

Jan 2021
Country
Destination | Origin
: Germany | Nigeria , €309M  | €259M

Jan 2021
Product
Exports | Imports
: Refined Petroleum | Crude Petroleum , €225M  | €373M

Overview: This page contains the latest international trade data for Andalusia, including export and import data.

Exports: In 2020, Spain's Andalusia exported €27.8B, making it the 4th largest exporter out of the 18 exporters in Spain. In 2020 the top exports of Andalusia were Olive oil, virgin (€1.65B), Light petroleum distillates nes (€1.49B), Fixed wing aircraft, unladen weight >... (€1.07B), Commodities not specified according to kind (€1.02B), and Petroleum spirit for motor vehicles (€929M).

Imports: In 2020, Spain's Andalusia imported €24.7B, making it the 4th largest importer out of the 18 importers in Spain. In 2020 top imports of Andalusia were Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,... (€5.32B), Copper ores and concentrates (€1.6B), Natural gas in gaseous state (€1.15B), Light petroleum distillates nes (€832M), and Biodiesel and mixtures thereof: not containing... (€666M).

Economic Complexity: In 2019, the highest complexity exports of Andalusia according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Flat-Rolled Stainless Steel (1.41), Thermostats (1.21), Electrical Lighting and Signalling Equipment (1.17), Large Flat-Rolled Stainless Steel (1.16), and Copper Pipe Fittings (1.02). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Comparison in Time

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Flow
Value

This section shows the differences between Andalusia's total subnational aggregate trade throughout time. To explore the trade patterns of the country, visit Spain's country profile.

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Yearly Exports

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Value
Depth

Top Destination (2020): Germany, €3.53B

Top Product (2020): Olive oil, virgin, €1.65B

In 2020 the top export destinations of Andalusia were Germany (€3.53B), France (€3.07B), Italy (€2.42B), Portugal (€1.98B), and United Kingdom (€1.97B).

In 2020 the top exports of Andalusia were Olive oil, virgin (€1.65B), Light petroleum distillates nes (€1.49B), Fixed wing aircraft, unladen weight >... (€1.07B), Commodities not specified according to kind (€1.02B), and Petroleum spirit for motor vehicles (€929M).

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Exports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Exports Destination (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Rapidly Declining Export Origins (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Yearly Imports

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Value
Depth

Top Origin (2020): Nigeria, €2.59B

Top Import (2020): Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,..., €5.32B

In 2020 the top import origins of Andalusia were Nigeria (€2.59B), China (€1.61B), United States (€1.58B), Algeria (€1.56B), and Germany (€1.42B).

In 2020 the top imports of Andalusia were Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,... (€5.32B), Copper ores and concentrates (€1.6B), Natural gas in gaseous state (€1.15B), Light petroleum distillates nes (€832M), and Biodiesel and mixtures thereof: not containing... (€666M).

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Imports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Import Origins (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Rapidly Declining Import Origins (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity of Spain

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Andalusia ranks 18th out of the 18 autonomous communities in Spain according to ECI.

Estimated using exports data.

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

The economic complexity of a territory can change year to year. Andalusia it is in position 18th considering its ECI in the last year.

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Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities according to the relatedness level, without considering those products were Andalusia already has a comparative advantage, are led by Crude Petroleum (0.23), Sheep Hides (0.22), Gold (0.22), Tanned Sheep Hides (0.22), and Sheep and Goats (0.22).

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Andalusia according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Flat-Rolled Stainless Steel (1.41), Thermostats (1.21), Electrical Lighting and Signalling Equipment (1.17), Large Flat-Rolled Stainless Steel (1.16), and Copper Pipe Fittings (1.02). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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The most specialized products according to the RCA index are led by Olive Oil (174), Pure Olive Oil (161), Cucumbers (110), Other Vegetables (52.8), and Preserved Vegetables (45.9).

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since Andalusia is more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of  Andalusia. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Andalusia exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a territory's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.