Cataluña

Autonomous Community in Spain

Exports (2019): €73.9B, Rnk 1/18

Top Destination (2019): €12.3B, France

Top Export (2019): €4.05B, Medicaments nes, in dosage

Imports (2019): €92.4B, Rnk 1/18

Top Origin (2019): €15.4B, Germany

Top Import (2019): €4.23B, Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,...

Economic Complexity (2019): 0.061, Rnk 4 / 18

Overview: This page contains the latest international trade data for Cataluña, including export and import data.

Exports: In 2019, Spain's Cataluña exported €73.9B, making it the 1st largest exporter out of the 18 exporters in Spain. In 2019 the top exports of Cataluña were Medicaments nes, in dosage (€4.05B), Micro Cars (€2.81B), Small Sized Cars (€1.54B), Light petroleum distillates nes (€1.47B), and Swine cuts, frozen nes (€1.23B).

Imports: In 2019, Spain's Cataluña imported €92.4B, making it the 1st largest importer out of the 18 importers in Spain. In 2019 top imports of Cataluña were Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,... (€4.23B), Medium Diesel Engine Cars (€2.9B), Light petroleum distillates nes (€2.08B), Medicaments nes, in dosage (€2.08B), and Small Sized Cars (€2.05B).

Economic Complexity: In 2019, the highest complexity exports of Cataluña according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Photographic Chemicals (2.17), Rolling Machines (1.93), Silicone (1.81), Photographic Plates (1.67), and Electric Soldering Equipment (1.65). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Yearly Exports

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Top Destination (2019): France, €12.3B

Top Product (2019): Medicaments nes, in dosage, €4.05B

In 2019 the top export destinations of Cataluña were France (€12.3B), Germany (€7.2B), Italy (€6.54B), Portugal (€4.85B), and United Kingdom (€4.32B).

In 2019 the top exports of Cataluña were Medicaments nes, in dosage (€4.05B), Micro Cars (€2.81B), Small Sized Cars (€1.54B), Light petroleum distillates nes (€1.47B), and Swine cuts, frozen nes (€1.23B).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Origin (2019): Germany, €15.4B

Top Import (2019): Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,..., €4.23B

In 2019 the top import origins of Cataluña were Germany (€15.4B), China (€9.08B), France (€8.04B), Italy (€7.06B), and Netherlands (€3.74B).

In 2019 the top imports of Cataluña were Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,... (€4.23B), Medium Diesel Engine Cars (€2.9B), Light petroleum distillates nes (€2.08B), Medicaments nes, in dosage (€2.08B), and Small Sized Cars (€2.05B).

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Comparison in Time

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This section shows differences between total trade from Cataluña throughout time.

This section shows forecasts for total exports and imports from Cataluña. The forecast is based in a Long Short-Term Memory Model constructed using monthly trade data.

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Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity of Spain

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Cataluña ranks 4th out of the 18 autonomous communities in Spain according to ECI.

Estimated using exports data.

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

The economic complexity of a territory can change year to year. Cataluña it is in position 4th considering its ECI in the last year.

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Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities according to the relatedness level, without considering those products were Cataluña already has a comparative advantage, are led by Other Processed Vegetables (0.43), Knit Men's Coats (0.43), Toilet Paper (0.43), Marble, Travertine and Alabaster (0.42), and Small Iron Containers (0.42).

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Cataluña according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Photographic Chemicals (2.17), Rolling Machines (1.93), Silicone (1.81), Photographic Plates (1.67), and Electric Soldering Equipment (1.65). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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The most specialized products according to the RCA index are led by Animal Fat (22.3), Pig Meat (20.9), Agglomerated Cork (19.1), Leather of Other Animals (18.8), and Perfumes (15.9).

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since Cataluña is more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of  Cataluña. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Cataluña exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a territory's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.