Overview This page contains the latest international trade data for São Paulo. In October 2021 São Paulo was the number 1 in total exports and the number 1 in total imports.

Exports In 2020, Brazil's São Paulo exported $42.4B, making it the 1st largest exporter out of the 27 exporters in Brazil. In 2020 the top exports of São Paulo were Sugars: cane sugar, raw, in solid... ($4.49B), Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,... ($2.38B), Soya beans: other than seed, whether... ($1.67B), Light petroleum distillates nes ($1.51B), and Bovine cuts boneless, frozen ($1.37B).

Imports In 2020, Brazil's São Paulo imported $51.4B, making it the 1st largest importer out of the 27 importers in Brazil. In 2020 top imports of São Paulo were Telephone sets and other apparatus for... ($1.61B), Medicaments nes, in dosage ($1.4B), Light petroleum distillates nes ($1.36B), Electronic integrated circuits: processors and controllers,... ($1.03B), and Insecticides: other than containing goods specified... ($1.01B).

Economic Complexity In 2020, the highest complexity exports of São Paulo according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Metal-Rolling Mills (1.37), Vehicle Chassis (0.85), Cellulose (0.78), Peptones (0.76), and Other Firearms (0.53). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Destination (2020): United States, $7.05B

Top Product (2020): Sugars: cane sugar, raw, in solid..., $4.49B

In 2020 the top export destinations of São Paulo were United States ($7.05B), China ($6.13B), Argentina ($3.69B), Netherlands ($1.6B), and Mexico ($1.56B).

In 2020 the top exports of São Paulo were Sugars: cane sugar, raw, in solid... ($4.49B), Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,... ($2.38B), Soya beans: other than seed, whether... ($1.67B), Light petroleum distillates nes ($1.51B), and Bovine cuts boneless, frozen ($1.37B).

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Exports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Exports Destination (Oct 2020 - Oct 2021)

Rapidly Declining Export Origins (Oct 2020 - Oct 2021)

Yearly Imports

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Top Origin (2020): China, $10.8B

Top Import (2020): Telephone sets and other apparatus for..., $1.61B

In 2020 the top import origins of São Paulo were China ($10.8B), United States ($8.88B), Germany ($4.2B), India ($1.95B), and South Korea ($1.78B).

In 2020 the top imports of São Paulo were Telephone sets and other apparatus for... ($1.61B), Medicaments nes, in dosage ($1.4B), Light petroleum distillates nes ($1.36B), Electronic integrated circuits: processors and controllers,... ($1.03B), and Insecticides: other than containing goods specified... ($1.01B).

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Imports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Import Origins (Oct 2020 - Oct 2021)

Rapidly Declining Import Origins (Oct 2020 - Oct 2021)

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity of Brazil

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Economic Complexity (2020): 0.1

São Paulo ranks 2nd out of the 27 states in Brazil according to ECI.

The Economic Complexity Index, or ECI, is a measure of an economy’s capacity which can be inferred from data connecting locations to the activities that are present in them. For more info about Economic Complexity, visit the Economic Complexity page.

Estimated using exports data.

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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The economic complexity of a territory can change year to year. São Paulo it is in position 2nd considering its ECI in the last year.

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Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities according to the relatedness level, without considering those products were São Paulo already has a comparative advantage, are led by Cars (0.21), Hydrogen peroxide (0.21), Ethylene Polymers (0.21), Steel Ingots (0.21), and Pig Meat (0.21).

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of São Paulo according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Metal-Rolling Mills (1.37), Vehicle Chassis (0.85), Cellulose (0.78), Peptones (0.76), and Other Firearms (0.53). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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The most specialized products according to the RCA index are led by Raw Sugar (88.4), Alcohol > 80% ABV (48.9), Ground Nuts (47.3), Fruit Juice (38.3), and Other Vegetable Residues and Waste (37.4).

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since São Paulo is more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of  São Paulo. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that São Paulo exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a territory's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.