São Paulo

State in Brazil

2019
Economic
Complexity
: 0.16, Rank 1 of 25

Feb 2021
Trade
Exports | Imports
: $3.18B | $4.41B, 1 of 28 | 1 of 29

Feb 2021
Country
Destination | Origin
: United States | China , $485M  | $995M

Feb 2021
Product
Exports | Imports
: Raw Sugar | Telephones , $318M  | $192M

Overview: This page contains the latest international trade data for São Paulo, including export and import data.

Exports: In 2020, Brazil's São Paulo exported $42.4B, making it the 1st largest exporter out of the 27 exporters in Brazil. In 2020 the top exports of São Paulo were Sugars: cane sugar, raw, in solid... ($4.49B), Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,... ($2.38B), Soya beans: other than seed, whether... ($1.67B), Light petroleum distillates nes ($1.51B), and Bovine cuts boneless, frozen ($1.37B).

Imports: In 2020, Brazil's São Paulo imported $51.4B, making it the 1st largest importer out of the 27 importers in Brazil. In 2020 top imports of São Paulo were Telephone sets and other apparatus for... ($1.61B), Medicaments nes, in dosage ($1.4B), Light petroleum distillates nes ($1.36B), Electronic integrated circuits: processors and controllers,... ($1.03B), and Insecticides: other than containing goods specified... ($1.01B).

Economic Complexity: In 2019, the highest complexity exports of São Paulo according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Papermaking Machines (1.68), Transmissions (1.59), Carboxyimide Compounds (1.4), Metal-Rolling Mills (1.37), and Artificial Filament Tow (1.3). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Comparison in Time

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Flow
Value

This section shows the differences between São Paulo's total subnational aggregate trade throughout time. To explore the trade patterns of the country, visit Brazil's country profile.

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Yearly Exports

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Value
Depth

Top Destination (2020): United States, $7.05B

Top Product (2020): Sugars: cane sugar, raw, in solid..., $4.49B

In 2020 the top export destinations of São Paulo were United States ($7.05B), China ($6.13B), Argentina ($3.69B), Netherlands ($1.6B), and Mexico ($1.56B).

In 2020 the top exports of São Paulo were Sugars: cane sugar, raw, in solid... ($4.49B), Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,... ($2.38B), Soya beans: other than seed, whether... ($1.67B), Light petroleum distillates nes ($1.51B), and Bovine cuts boneless, frozen ($1.37B).

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Exports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Exports Destination (Feb 2020 - Feb 2021)

Rapidly Declining Export Origins (Feb 2020 - Feb 2021)

Yearly Imports

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Value
Depth

Top Origin (2020): China, $10.8B

Top Import (2020): Telephone sets and other apparatus for..., $1.61B

In 2020 the top import origins of São Paulo were China ($10.8B), United States ($8.88B), Germany ($4.2B), India ($1.95B), and South Korea ($1.78B).

In 2020 the top imports of São Paulo were Telephone sets and other apparatus for... ($1.61B), Medicaments nes, in dosage ($1.4B), Light petroleum distillates nes ($1.36B), Electronic integrated circuits: processors and controllers,... ($1.03B), and Insecticides: other than containing goods specified... ($1.01B).

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Imports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Import Origins (Feb 2020 - Feb 2021)

Rapidly Declining Import Origins (Feb 2020 - Feb 2021)

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity of Brazil

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São Paulo ranks 1st out of the 27 N/A in Brazil according to ECI.

Estimated using exports data.

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

The economic complexity of a territory can change year to year. São Paulo it is in position 1st considering its ECI in the last year.

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Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities according to the relatedness level, without considering those products were São Paulo already has a comparative advantage, are led by Steel Ingots (0.23), Cars (0.22), Compounded Unvulcanised Rubber (0.22), Chlorates and Perchlorates (0.22), and Technical Use Textiles (0.22).

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of São Paulo according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Papermaking Machines (1.68), Transmissions (1.59), Carboxyimide Compounds (1.4), Metal-Rolling Mills (1.37), and Artificial Filament Tow (1.3). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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The most specialized products according to the RCA index are led by Raw Sugar (44.6), Fruit Juice (43.8), Vehicle Chassis (42.8), Alcohol > 80% ABV (40.3), and Leather of Other Animals (36.3).

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since São Paulo is more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of  São Paulo. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that São Paulo exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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Depth
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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a territory's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.