Overview This page contains the latest international trade data for Bahia. In June 2022 Bahia was the number 9 in total exports and the number 8 in total imports in Brazil.

Exports In 2021, Brazil's Bahia exported $9.9B, making it the 9th largest exporter out of the 27 exporters in Brazil. In 2021 the top exports of Bahia were Soya beans: other than seed, whether... ($1.88B), Light petroleum distillates nes ($1.19B), Chem wood pulp, soda/sulphate, non-conifer, bleached ($785M), Cotton, not carded or combed ($604M), and Soya-bean oil-cake and other solid residues ($484M).

Imports In 2021, Brazil's Bahia imported $8.05B, making it the 8th largest importer out of the 27 importers in Brazil. In 2021 top imports of Bahia were Petroleum spirit for motor vehicles ($2.02B), Natural gas, liquefied ($961M), Copper ores and concentrates ($437M), Light petroleum distillates nes ($333M), and Photosensitive/photovoltaic/LED semiconductor devices ($224M).

Economic Complexity In 2020, the highest complexity exports of Bahia according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Nitrile Compounds (1.08), Dissolving Grades Chemical Woodpulp (0.45), Inorganic Salts (-0.43), Cocoa Powder (-0.79), and Magnesium Carbonate (-0.82). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Destination (2021): China, $2.77B

Top Product (2021): Soya beans: other than seed, whether..., $1.88B

In 2021 the top export destinations of Bahia were China ($2.77B), United States ($1.17B), Singapore ($1.06B), Argentina ($493M), and Netherlands ($479M).

In 2021 the top exports of Bahia were Soya beans: other than seed, whether... ($1.88B), Light petroleum distillates nes ($1.19B), Chem wood pulp, soda/sulphate, non-conifer, bleached ($785M), Cotton, not carded or combed ($604M), and Soya-bean oil-cake and other solid residues ($484M).

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Exports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Exports Destination (Jun 2021 - Jun 2022)

Rapidly Declining Export Origins (Jun 2021 - Jun 2022)

Yearly Imports

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Top Origin (2021): United States, $2.66B

Top Import (2021): Petroleum spirit for motor vehicles, $2.02B

In 2021 the top import origins of Bahia were United States ($2.66B), China ($1.19B), Spain ($694M), Chile ($425M), and Argentina ($286M).

In 2021 the top imports of Bahia were Petroleum spirit for motor vehicles ($2.02B), Natural gas, liquefied ($961M), Copper ores and concentrates ($437M), Light petroleum distillates nes ($333M), and Photosensitive/photovoltaic/LED semiconductor devices ($224M).

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Imports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Import Origins (Jun 2021 - Jun 2022)

Rapidly Declining Import Origins (Jun 2021 - Jun 2022)

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity of Bahia

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Economic Complexity (2021): -0.63

Bahia ranks 10th out of the 27 states in Brazil according to ECI.

The Economic Complexity Index, or ECI, is a measure of an economy’s capacity which can be inferred from data connecting locations to the activities that are present in them. For more info about Economic Complexity, visit the Economic Complexity page.

Estimated using exports data.

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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The economic complexity of a territory can change year to year. Bahia it is in position 10th considering its ECI in the last year.

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Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities according to the relatedness level, without considering those products were Bahia already has a comparative advantage, are led by Petroleum Gas (0.13), Coconuts, Brazil Nuts, and Cashews (0.12), Ground Nuts (0.12), Rice (0.11), and Other Oily Seeds (0.1).

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Bahia according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Nitrile Compounds (1.08), Dissolving Grades Chemical Woodpulp (0.45), Inorganic Salts (-0.43), Cocoa Powder (-0.79), and Magnesium Carbonate (-0.82). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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The most specialized products according to the RCA index are led by Coconut and Other Vegetable Fibers (131.6), Nickel Ore (126.1), Leather of Other Animals (117.8), Dissolving Grades Chemical Woodpulp (89.4), and Raw Cotton (72.2).

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since Bahia is more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of  Bahia. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Bahia exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a territory's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions. Bubble size corresponds to exports value by year 2020.