Bahia

State in Brazil

2019
Economic
Complexity
: -0.6, Rank 10 of 25

Feb 2021
Trade
Exports | Imports
: $449M | $389M, 11 of 28 | 10 of 29

Feb 2021
Country
Destination | Origin
: United States | China , $76.1M  | $72.5M

Feb 2021
Product
Exports | Imports
: Raw Cotton | Copper Ore , $58.6M  | $44.4M

Overview: This page contains the latest international trade data for Bahia, including export and import data.

Exports: In 2020, Brazil's Bahia exported $7.83B, making it the 10th largest exporter out of the 27 exporters in Brazil. In 2020 the top exports of Bahia were Soya beans: other than seed, whether... ($1.33B), Light petroleum distillates nes ($1.15B), Chem wood pulp, soda/sulphate, non-conifer, bleached ($780M), Cotton, not carded or combed ($565M), and Gold in unwrought forms non-monetary ($422M).

Imports: In 2020, Brazil's Bahia imported $4.76B, making it the 9th largest importer out of the 27 importers in Brazil. In 2020 top imports of Bahia were Petroleum spirit for motor vehicles ($843M), Copper ores and concentrates ($428M), Diesel powered trucks weighing < 5... ($424M), Cereals: wheat and meslin, other than... ($182M), and Cocoa beans, whole or broken, raw... ($118M).

Economic Complexity: In 2019, the highest complexity exports of Bahia according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Epoxides (1.47), Unsaturated Acyclic Monocarboxylic Acids (1.01), Nitrile Compounds (0.95), Electric Motor Parts (0.55), and Used Rubber Tires (0.48). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Comparison in Time

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Flow
Value

This section shows the differences between Bahia's total subnational aggregate trade throughout time. To explore the trade patterns of the country, visit Brazil's country profile.

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Yearly Exports

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Value
Depth

Top Destination (2020): China, $2.26B

Top Product (2020): Soya beans: other than seed, whether..., $1.33B

In 2020 the top export destinations of Bahia were China ($2.26B), Singapore ($1.05B), United States ($823M), Argentina ($424M), and Switzerland ($306M).

In 2020 the top exports of Bahia were Soya beans: other than seed, whether... ($1.33B), Light petroleum distillates nes ($1.15B), Chem wood pulp, soda/sulphate, non-conifer, bleached ($780M), Cotton, not carded or combed ($565M), and Gold in unwrought forms non-monetary ($422M).

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Exports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Exports Destination (Feb 2020 - Feb 2021)

Rapidly Declining Export Origins (Feb 2020 - Feb 2021)

Yearly Imports

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Value
Depth

Top Origin (2020): United States, $675M

Top Import (2020): Petroleum spirit for motor vehicles, $843M

In 2020 the top import origins of Bahia were United States ($675M), Argentina ($621M), China ($616M), Spain ($447M), and Chile ($324M).

In 2020 the top imports of Bahia were Petroleum spirit for motor vehicles ($843M), Copper ores and concentrates ($428M), Diesel powered trucks weighing < 5... ($424M), Cereals: wheat and meslin, other than... ($182M), and Cocoa beans, whole or broken, raw... ($118M).

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Imports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Import Origins (Feb 2020 - Feb 2021)

Rapidly Declining Import Origins (Feb 2020 - Feb 2021)

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity of Brazil

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Bahia ranks 10th out of the 27 N/A in Brazil according to ECI.

Estimated using exports data.

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

The economic complexity of a territory can change year to year. Bahia it is in position 10th considering its ECI in the last year.

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Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities according to the relatedness level, without considering those products were Bahia already has a comparative advantage, are led by Ground Nuts (0.11), Coconuts, Brazil Nuts, and Cashews (0.11), Rice (0.1), Other Oily Seeds (0.095), and Legume Flours (0.094).

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Bahia according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Epoxides (1.47), Unsaturated Acyclic Monocarboxylic Acids (1.01), Nitrile Compounds (0.95), Electric Motor Parts (0.55), and Used Rubber Tires (0.48). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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The most specialized products according to the RCA index are led by Coconut and Other Vegetable Fibers (162), Leather of Other Animals (134), Dissolving Grades Chemical Woodpulp (126), Inorganic Salts (90.3), and Raw Cotton (85.5).

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since Bahia is more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of  Bahia. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Bahia exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a territory's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.