Bahia

State in Brazil

Exports (2019): $8.17B, Rnk 10/27

Top Destination (2019): $2.26B, China

Top Export (2019): $1.15B, Soya beans: other than seed, whether...

Imports (2019): $6.77B, Rnk 8/27

Top Origin (2019): $1.17B, United States

Top Import (2019): $1.45B, Petroleum spirit for motor vehicles

Economic Complexity (2019): -0.51, Rnk 8 / 27

Exports: In 2019, Brazil's Bahia exported $8.17B, making it the 10th largest exporter out of the 27 exporters in Brazil. In 2019 the top exports of Bahia were Soya beans: other than seed, whether... ($1.15B), Chem wood pulp, soda/sulphate, non-conifer, bleached ($887M), Light petroleum distillates nes ($867M), Cotton, not carded or combed ($575M), and Soya-bean oil-cake and other solid residues ($326M).

Imports: In 2019, Brazil's Bahia imported $6.77B, making it the 8th largest importer out of the 27 importers in Brazil. In 2019 top imports of Bahia were Petroleum spirit for motor vehicles ($1.45B), Copper ores and concentrates ($727M), Natural gas, liquefied ($465M), Diesel powered trucks weighing < 5... ($458M), and Potassium chloride, in packs >10 kg ($168M).

Economic Complexity: In 2019, the highest complexity exports of Bahia according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Acrylic Polymers (1.61), Saturated Acyclic Monocarboxylic Acids (1.12), Epoxides (1.11), Unsaturated Acyclic Monocarboxylic Acids (1.05), and Nitrile Compounds (0.92). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Value
Depth

Top Destination (2019): China, $2.26B

Top Product (2019): Soya beans: other than seed, whether..., $1.15B

In 2019 the top export destinations of Bahia were China ($2.26B), United States ($824M), Singapore ($647M), Argentina ($611M), and Netherlands ($470M).

In 2019 the top exports of Bahia were Soya beans: other than seed, whether... ($1.15B), Chem wood pulp, soda/sulphate, non-conifer, bleached ($887M), Light petroleum distillates nes ($867M), Cotton, not carded or combed ($575M), and Soya-bean oil-cake and other solid residues ($326M).

Export Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Exports Destination (June 2019 - June 2020)

Rapidly Declining Export Origins (June 2019 - June 2020)

Value
Depth

Top Origin (2019): United States, $1.17B

Top Import (2019): Petroleum spirit for motor vehicles, $1.45B

In 2019 the top import origins of Bahia were United States ($1.17B), Argentina ($667M), China ($611M), Chile ($461M), and Peru ($360M).

In 2019 the top imports of Bahia were Petroleum spirit for motor vehicles ($1.45B), Copper ores and concentrates ($727M), Natural gas, liquefied ($465M), Diesel powered trucks weighing < 5... ($458M), and Potassium chloride, in packs >10 kg ($168M).

Import Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Import Origins (June 2019 - June 2020)

Rapidly Declining Import Origins (June 2019 - June 2020)

Comparison in Time

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Flow
Value

This section shows differences between total trade from Bahia throughout time.

Comparison Map

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Value

The states of Brazil with the highest exports in 2019 were São Paulo ($48.9B), Rio De Janeiro ($28.6B), Minas Gerais ($25.1B), Rio Grande Do Sul ($18.5B), and Pará ($17.8B)

The states of Brazil with the highest imports in 2019 were São Paulo ($59.3B), Rio De Janeiro ($21.2B), Santa Catarina ($16.9B), Paraná ($12.7B), and Amazonas ($10.2B)

This section shows forecasts for total exports and imports from Bahia. The forecast is based in a Long Short-Term Memory Model constructed using monthly trade data.

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Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity of Brazil

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Bahia ranks 8th out of the 27 states in Brazil according to ECI.

Estimated using exports data.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

The economic complexity of a territory can change year to year. Bahia it is in position 8th considering its ECI in the last year.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities according to the relatedness level, without considering those products were Bahia already has a comparative advantage, are led by Coconuts, Brazil Nuts, and Cashews (0.11), Ground Nuts (0.11), Rice (0.1), Other Oily Seeds (0.097), and Legume Flours (0.096).

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Bahia according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Acrylic Polymers (1.61), Saturated Acyclic Monocarboxylic Acids (1.12), Epoxides (1.11), Unsaturated Acyclic Monocarboxylic Acids (1.05), and Nitrile Compounds (0.92). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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The most specialized products according to the RCA index are led by Coconut and Other Vegetable Fibers (161), Leather of Other Animals (122), Dissolving Grades Chemical Woodpulp (117), Inorganic Salts (101), and Precipitated Copper (93.2).

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since Bahia is more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of  Bahia. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Bahia exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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Filter
Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a territory's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.