Maranhão

State in Brazil

Exports (2019): $3.54B, Rnk 13/27

Top Destination (2019): $849M, China

Top Export (2019): $1.26B, Aluminium oxide, except artificial corundum

Imports (2019): $3.55B, Rnk 12/27

Top Origin (2019): $2.32B, United States

Top Import (2019): $1.98B, Light petroleum distillates nes

Economic Complexity (2019): -0.95, Rnk 17 / 27

Exports: In 2019, Brazil's Maranhão exported $3.54B, making it the 13th largest exporter out of the 27 exporters in Brazil. In 2019 the top exports of Maranhão were Aluminium oxide, except artificial corundum ($1.26B), Soya beans: other than seed, whether... ($806M), Chem wood pulp, soda/sulphate, non-conifer, bleached ($670M), Iron ore, concentrate, not iron pyrites,... ($323M), and Pig iron, non-alloy, <0.5% phosphorus ($142M).

Imports: In 2019, Brazil's Maranhão imported $3.55B, making it the 12th largest importer out of the 27 importers in Brazil. In 2019 top imports of Maranhão were Light petroleum distillates nes ($1.98B), Petroleum spirit for motor vehicles ($497M), Undenatured ethyl alcohol > 80% by... ($266M), Potassium chloride, in packs >10 kg ($177M), and Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) in aqueous... ($101M).

Economic Complexity: In 2019, the highest complexity exports of Maranhão according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Copper Bars (0.27), Chlorates and Perchlorates (-0.15), Sulfate Chemical Woodpulp (-0.2), Edible Offal (-0.49), and Frozen Bovine Meat (-0.62). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Value
Depth

Top Destination (2019): China, $849M

Top Product (2019): Aluminium oxide, except artificial corundum, $1.26B

In 2019 the top export destinations of Maranhão were China ($849M), United States ($697M), Canada ($679M), Spain ($147M), and Argentina ($132M).

In 2019 the top exports of Maranhão were Aluminium oxide, except artificial corundum ($1.26B), Soya beans: other than seed, whether... ($806M), Chem wood pulp, soda/sulphate, non-conifer, bleached ($670M), Iron ore, concentrate, not iron pyrites,... ($323M), and Pig iron, non-alloy, <0.5% phosphorus ($142M).

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Export Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Exports Destination (June 2019 - June 2020)

Rapidly Declining Export Origins (June 2019 - June 2020)

Value
Depth

Top Origin (2019): United States, $2.32B

Top Import (2019): Light petroleum distillates nes, $1.98B

In 2019 the top import origins of Maranhão were United States ($2.32B), Netherlands ($274M), United Arab Emirates ($189M), Russia ($161M), and India ($116M).

In 2019 the top imports of Maranhão were Light petroleum distillates nes ($1.98B), Petroleum spirit for motor vehicles ($497M), Undenatured ethyl alcohol > 80% by... ($266M), Potassium chloride, in packs >10 kg ($177M), and Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) in aqueous... ($101M).

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Import Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Import Origins (June 2019 - June 2020)

Rapidly Declining Import Origins (June 2019 - June 2020)

Comparison in Time

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Flow
Value

This section shows differences between total trade from Maranhão throughout time.

Comparison Map

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Value

The states of Brazil with the highest exports in 2019 were São Paulo ($48.9B), Rio De Janeiro ($28.6B), Minas Gerais ($25.1B), Rio Grande Do Sul ($18.5B), and Pará ($17.8B)

The states of Brazil with the highest imports in 2019 were São Paulo ($59.3B), Rio De Janeiro ($21.2B), Santa Catarina ($16.9B), Paraná ($12.7B), and Amazonas ($10.2B)

This section shows forecasts for total exports and imports from Maranhão. The forecast is based in a Long Short-Term Memory Model constructed using monthly trade data.

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Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity of Brazil

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Maranhão ranks 17th out of the 27 states in Brazil according to ECI.

Estimated using exports data.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

The economic complexity of a territory can change year to year. Maranhão it is in position 17th considering its ECI in the last year.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities according to the relatedness level, without considering those products were Maranhão already has a comparative advantage, are led by Rice (0.032), Ground Nuts (0.03), Soybean Oil (0.027), Other Oily Seeds (0.026), and Cloves (0.026).

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Maranhão according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Copper Bars (0.27), Chlorates and Perchlorates (-0.15), Sulfate Chemical Woodpulp (-0.2), Edible Offal (-0.49), and Frozen Bovine Meat (-0.62). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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The most specialized products according to the RCA index are led by Aluminium Oxide (376), Pig Iron (150), Sulfate Chemical Woodpulp (93.9), Soybeans (67.1), and Chlorates and Perchlorates (50.2).

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since Maranhão is more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of  Maranhão. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Maranhão exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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Depth
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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a territory's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.