Overview This page contains the latest trade data of Onions. In 2019, Onions were the world's 403rd most traded product, with a total trade of $7.18B. Between 2018 and 2019 the exports of Onions grew by 19%, from $6.03B to $7.18B. Trade in Onions represent 0.04% of total world trade.

Exports In 2019 the top exporters of Onions  were China ($2.54B), Netherlands ($862M), Spain ($615M), Mexico ($396M), and India ($387M).

Imports In 2019 the top importers of Onions were United States ($655M), Indonesia ($556M), Vietnam ($521M), Germany ($377M), and United Kingdom ($349M).

Tariffs In 2018 the average tariff for Onions was 23.4%, making it the 68th lowest tariff using the HS4 product classification.

The countries with the highest import tariffs for Onions are South Korea (151%), Turkmenistan (100%), Barbados (86.1%), Thailand (67.5%), and Cyprus (64.3%). The countries with the lowest tariffs are Mauritius (0%), United Arab Emirates (0%), Hong Kong (0%), Kuwait (0%), and Maldives (0%).

Ranking Onions ranks 943rd in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

Historical Data

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Exporters and Importers

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Trade By Country

Top Origin (2019): China, $2.54B

Top Destination (2019): United States, $655M

Onions are the world's 403rd most traded product.

In 2019, the top exporters of Onions were China ($2.54B), Netherlands ($862M), Spain ($615M), Mexico ($396M), and India ($387M).

In 2019, the top importers of Onions were United States ($655M), Indonesia ($556M), Vietnam ($521M), Germany ($377M), and United Kingdom ($349M).

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Market Dynamics

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Trade by country

Value

Top Origin Growth (2018 -  2019): China, $569M

Top Destination Growth (2018 - 2019): Indonesia, $154M

Between 2018 and 2019, the exports of Onions grew the fastest in China ($569M), Egypt ($146M), Spain ($106M), Netherlands ($104M), and Uzbekistan ($56.8M).

Between 2018 and 2019, the fastest growing importers of Onions were Indonesia ($154M), Bangladesh ($84.1M), Netherlands ($73.2M), Brazil ($69.6M), and Germany ($65.3M).

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Market Concentration

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Cumulative market share

Value

This chart shows the evolution of the market concentration of exports of Onions.

In 2019,  market concentration measured using Shannon Entropy, was 3.81. This means that most of the exports of Onions are explained by 14 countries.

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TOP NET EXPORTER (2019): China, $2.52B

TOP NET IMPORTER (2019): Indonesia, $546M

This map shows which countries export or import more of Onions. Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Onions during 2019.

In 2019, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Onions were China ($2.52B), Netherlands ($607M), Spain ($530M), India ($334M), and Egypt ($326M).

In 2019, the countries that had a largest trade value in imports than in exports of Onions were Indonesia ($546M), Vietnam ($516M), United States ($381M), United Kingdom ($335M), and Germany ($314M).

Disaggregation

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Value

In 2019, the world most traded Onions, disaggragated by their HS6 level were Onions and shallots, fresh or chilled ($4.05B), Garlic, fresh or chilled ($2.77B), and Leeks & other alliaceous vegetables, fresh... ($361M)

Import Tariffs

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In 2018, the average tariff for importing Onions was 23.4%. The countries with the highest tariffs for importing Onions were South Korea (151%), Turkmenistan (100%), Barbados (86.1%), Thailand (67.5%), and Cyprus (64.3%).

Product Complexity

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Diversification Frontier

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Specialization

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a product's potential export opportunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth potential, lower income inequality, and lower emissions.

Country by Relatedness

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The following visualization shows the relatedness of Onions to countries. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.