HS Icon Instructional Models

9023 (Harmonized System 1992 for 4-digit)

Overview:  This page contains the latest trade data of Instructional Models. In 2019, Instructional Models were the world's 607th most traded product, with a total trade of $3.28B. Between 2018 and 2019 the exports of Instructional Models grew by 2.4%, from $3.2B to $3.28B. Trade in Instructional Models represent 0.018% of total world trade.

Exports: In 2019 the top exporters of Instructional Models  were China ($681M), United States ($597M), Germany ($341M), United Kingdom ($164M), and Norway ($107M).

Imports: In 2019 the top importers of Instructional Models were United States ($540M), China ($191M), Germany ($190M), Japan ($171M), and Canada ($129M).

Tariffs: In 2018 the average tariff for Instructional Models was 3.68%, making it the 1054th lowest tariff using the HS4 product classification.

The countries with the highest import tariffs for Instructional Models are Bahamas (40.2%), Bermuda (25%), Slovakia (21.6%), Czechia (21.6%), and Cuba (19.7%). The countries with the lowest tariffs are Angola (0%), Kenya (0%), Madagascar (0%), Mauritius (0%), and Rwanda (0%).

Ranking: Instructional Models ranks 305th in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

Historical Data

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Exporters and Importers

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Trade By Country

Top Origin (2019): China, $681M

Top Destination (2019): United States, $540M

Instructional Models are the world's 607th most traded product.

In 2019, the top exporters of Instructional Models were China ($681M), United States ($597M), Germany ($341M), United Kingdom ($164M), and Norway ($107M).

In 2019, the top importers of Instructional Models were United States ($540M), China ($191M), Germany ($190M), Japan ($171M), and Canada ($129M).

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Market Dynamics

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Trade by country

Value

Top Origin Growth (2018 -  2019): United Arab Emirates, $61.4M

Top Destination Growth (2018 - 2019): United States, $36.2M

Between 2018 and 2019, the exports of Instructional Models grew the fastest in United Arab Emirates ($61.4M), Norway ($27.1M), United Kingdom ($16.7M), Malaysia ($13.1M), and Hungary ($12.4M).

Between 2018 and 2019, the fastest growing importers of Instructional Models were United States ($36.2M), Russia ($28.4M), Canada ($25.5M), South Korea ($15.7M), and Thailand ($13.8M).

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Market Concentration

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Cumulative market share

This chart shows the evolution of the market concentration of exports of Instructional Models.

In 2019,  market concentration measured using Shannon Entropy, was 4.33. This means that most of the exports of Instructional Models are explained by 20 countries.

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TOP NET EXPORTER (2019): China, $489M

TOP NET IMPORTER (2019): Hong Kong, $105M

This map shows which countries export or import more of Instructional Models. Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Instructional Models during 2019.

In 2019, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Instructional Models were China ($489M), Germany ($152M), Norway ($79.6M), United Kingdom ($57.7M), and United States ($56.5M).

In 2019, the countries that had a largest trade value in imports than in exports of Instructional Models were Hong Kong ($105M), Japan ($92.8M), Saudi Arabia ($58.5M), Russia ($50.9M), and South Korea ($49.8M).

Disaggregation

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Value

In 2019, the world most traded Instructional Models, disaggragated by their HS6 level were Instruments, apparatus and models, for demonstration ($3.28B)

Import Tariffs

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In 2018, the average tariff for importing Instructional Models was 3.68%. The countries with the highest tariffs for importing Instructional Models were Bahamas (40.2%), Bermuda (25%), Slovakia (21.6%), Czechia (21.6%), and Cuba (19.7%).

Product Complexity

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Diversification Frontier

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Specialization

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a product's potential export opportunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth potential, lower income inequality, and lower emissions.

Country by Relatedness

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The following visualization shows the relatedness of Instructional Models to countries. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.