Overview:  This page contains the latest trade data of Citrus. In 2019, Citrus were the world's 249th most traded product, with a total trade of $14.2B. Between 2018 and 2019 the exports of Citrus decreased by -6.63%, from $15.3B to $14.2B. Trade in Citrus represent 0.079% of total world trade.

Exports: In 2019 the top exporters of Citrus  were Spain ($3.58B), South Africa ($1.47B), China ($1.18B), United States ($914M), and Egypt ($874M).

Imports: In 2019 the top importers of Citrus were Germany ($1.26B), United States ($1.13B), France ($1.09B), Russia ($1.09B), and Netherlands ($894M).

Tariffs: In 2018 the average tariff for Citrus was 17.9%, making it the 142nd lowest tariff using the HS4 product classification.

The countries with the highest import tariffs for Citrus are Turkmenistan (93.6%), South Korea (92.5%), Lebanon (65.9%), Thailand (63.6%), and Turkey (53.7%). The countries with the lowest tariffs are Mauritius (0%), United Arab Emirates (0%), Hong Kong (0%), Kuwait (0%), and Laos (0%).

Ranking: Citrus ranks 819th in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

Historical Data

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Exporters and Importers

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Trade By Country

Top Origin (2019): Spain, $3.58B

Top Destination (2019): Germany, $1.26B

Citrus are the world's 249th most traded product.

In 2019, the top exporters of Citrus were Spain ($3.58B), South Africa ($1.47B), China ($1.18B), United States ($914M), and Egypt ($874M).

In 2019, the top importers of Citrus were Germany ($1.26B), United States ($1.13B), France ($1.09B), Russia ($1.09B), and Netherlands ($894M).

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Market Dynamics

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Trade by country

Value

Top Origin Growth (2018 -  2019): China, $44.6M

Top Destination Growth (2018 - 2019): Indonesia, $96.1M

Between 2018 and 2019, the exports of Citrus grew the fastest in China ($44.6M), Australia ($29.1M), India ($14.7M), Uruguay ($14M), and Uzbekistan ($10.1M).

Between 2018 and 2019, the fastest growing importers of Citrus were Indonesia ($96.1M), Russia ($26.6M), Bangladesh ($26.6M), Philippines ($19.9M), and Malaysia ($16.7M).

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Market Concentration

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Cumulative market share

This chart shows the evolution of the market concentration of exports of Citrus.

In 2019,  market concentration measured using Shannon Entropy, was 4.17. This means that most of the exports of Citrus are explained by 18 countries.

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TOP NET EXPORTER (2019): Spain, $3.38B

TOP NET IMPORTER (2019): Germany, $1.13B

This map shows which countries export or import more of Citrus. Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Citrus during 2019.

In 2019, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Citrus were Spain ($3.38B), South Africa ($1.45B), Egypt ($871M), Turkey ($757M), and Mexico ($623M).

In 2019, the countries that had a largest trade value in imports than in exports of Citrus were Germany ($1.13B), Russia ($1.07B), France ($998M), United Kingdom ($656M), and Canada ($523M).

Disaggregation

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Value

In 2019, the world most traded Citrus, disaggragated by their HS6 level were Oranges, fresh or dried ($4.92B), Mandarin, clementine & citrus hybrids, fresh... ($4.86B), Lemons and limes, fresh or dried ($3.44B), Grapefruit, fresh or dried ($924M), and Citrus fruits, fresh or dried, nes ($111M)

Import Tariffs

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In 2018, the average tariff for importing Citrus was 17.9%. The countries with the highest tariffs for importing Citrus were Turkmenistan (93.6%), South Korea (92.5%), Lebanon (65.9%), Thailand (63.6%), and Turkey (53.7%).

Product Complexity

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Diversification Frontier

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Specialization

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a product's potential export opportunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth potential, lower income inequality, and lower emissions.

Country by Relatedness

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The following visualization shows the relatedness of Citrus to countries. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.