Overview This page contains the latest trade data of Cheese. In 2019, Cheese were the world's 114th most traded product, with a total trade of $32.4B. Between 2018 and 2019 the exports of Cheese grew by 0.74%, from $32.2B to $32.4B. Trade in Cheese represent 0.18% of total world trade.

Exports In 2019 the top exporters of Cheese  were Germany ($4.61B), Netherlands ($3.9B), Italy ($3.58B), France ($3.54B), and Denmark ($1.72B).

Imports In 2019 the top importers of Cheese were Germany ($4.37B), United Kingdom ($2.2B), Italy ($2.07B), France ($2.02B), and Belgium ($1.51B).

Tariffs In 2018 the average tariff for Cheese was 27.4%, making it the 31st lowest tariff using the HS4 product classification.

The countries with the highest import tariffs for Cheese are Canada (176%), Iceland (139%), Norway (128%), Turkey (127%), and Cyprus (77.7%). The countries with the lowest tariffs are Mauritius (0%), South Africa (0%), Hong Kong (0%), Maldives (0%), and Singapore (0%).

Ranking Cheese ranks 620th in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

Historical Data

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Exporters and Importers

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Trade By Country

Top Origin (2019): Germany, $4.61B

Top Destination (2019): Germany, $4.37B

Cheese are the world's 114th most traded product.

In 2019, the top exporters of Cheese were Germany ($4.61B), Netherlands ($3.9B), Italy ($3.58B), France ($3.54B), and Denmark ($1.72B).

In 2019, the top importers of Cheese were Germany ($4.37B), United Kingdom ($2.2B), Italy ($2.07B), France ($2.02B), and Belgium ($1.51B).

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Market Dynamics

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Trade by country

Value

Top Origin Growth (2018 -  2019): Italy, $245M

Top Destination Growth (2018 - 2019): Russia, $202M

Between 2018 and 2019, the exports of Cheese grew the fastest in Italy ($245M), Belarus ($185M), Ireland ($160M), United States ($57.6M), and Germany ($32.2M).

Between 2018 and 2019, the fastest growing importers of Cheese were Russia ($202M), Saudi Arabia ($133M), France ($66.2M), Netherlands ($52.7M), and China ($48.6M).

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Market Concentration

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Cumulative market share

Value

This chart shows the evolution of the market concentration of exports of Cheese.

In 2019,  market concentration measured using Shannon Entropy, was 4.42. This means that most of the exports of Cheese are explained by 21 countries.

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TOP NET EXPORTER (2019): Netherlands, $2.44B

TOP NET IMPORTER (2019): United Kingdom, $1.3B

This map shows which countries export or import more of Cheese. Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Cheese during 2019.

In 2019, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Cheese were Netherlands ($2.44B), France ($1.52B), Italy ($1.52B), Denmark ($1.32B), and New Zealand ($1.28B).

In 2019, the countries that had a largest trade value in imports than in exports of Cheese were United Kingdom ($1.3B), Japan ($1.27B), Russia ($1.07B), Spain ($708M), and Sweden ($591M).

Disaggregation

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Value

In 2019, the world most traded Cheese, disaggragated by their HS6 level were Cheese except fresh, grated, processed or... ($19.3B), Fresh cheese, unfermented whey cheese, curd ($7.32B), Cheese processed, not grated or powdered ($2.89B), Cheese, grated or powdered, of all... ($2.24B), and Cheese, blue-veined ($641M)

Import Tariffs

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In 2018, the average tariff for importing Cheese was 27.4%. The countries with the highest tariffs for importing Cheese were Canada (176%), Iceland (139%), Norway (128%), Turkey (127%), and Cyprus (77.7%).

Product Complexity

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Diversification Frontier

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Specialization

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a product's potential export opportunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth potential, lower income inequality, and lower emissions.

Country by Relatedness

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The following visualization shows the relatedness of Cheese to countries. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.