HS Icon Cellulose

3912 (Harmonized System 1992 for 4-digit)

 2019
World Trade
: $5.86B, Rnk 458 / 1217

2019
Top Exporter | Top Importer
: $1.26B | $480M, United States | China

2019
Product Complexity
: 1.16, Rnk 106 / 961

2018 - 2019
Export Growth (CAGR)
: -2.38%, Rnk 573 / 1217

2018
Mean Tariff
: 4.48%, Rnk 915 / 1259

 2019
Share of World Trade
: 0.032%, Rnk 458 / 1217

Overview:  This page contains the latest trade data of Cellulose. In 2019, Cellulose were the world's 458th most traded product, with a total trade of $5.86B. Between 2018 and 2019 the exports of Cellulose decreased by -2.38%, from  $6B to $5.86B. Trade in Cellulose represent 0.032% of total world trade.

Exports: In 2019 the top exporters of Cellulose  were United States ($1.26B), Germany ($1.04B), China ($603M), Belgium ($412M), and South Korea ($297M).

Imports: In 2019 the top importers of Cellulose were China ($480M), India ($411M), United States ($411M), Belgium ($332M), and Germany ($300M).

Tariffs: In 2018 the average tariff for Cellulose was 4.48%, making it the 915th lowest tariff using the HS4 product classification.

The countries with the highest import tariffs for Cellulose are Bahamas (40.2%), Bermuda (25%), Maldives (19.6%), Pakistan (12%), and Aruba (12%). The countries with the lowest tariffs are Angola (0%), Kenya (0%), Mauritius (0%), Rwanda (0%), and Tanzania (0%).

Ranking: Cellulose ranks 106th in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

Description: Cellulose is the most abundant organic polymer on Earth. It is a long chain of glucose molecules that are bonded together by beta-1,4-glycosidic bonds. Cellulose can be broken down into glucose to be used as an energy source or it can be used to create a variety of other chemicals. Cellulose derivatives are used in textile production, paper production, and plastics production.

Exporters and Importers

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Trade By Country

Top Origin (2019): United States, $1.26B

Top Destination (2019): China, $480M

Cellulose are the world's 458th most traded product.

In 2019, the top exporters of Cellulose were United States ($1.26B), Germany ($1.04B), China ($603M), Belgium ($412M), and South Korea ($297M).

In 2019, the top importers of Cellulose were China ($480M), India ($411M), United States ($411M), Belgium ($332M), and Germany ($300M).

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Market Dynamics

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Trade by country

Value

Top Origin Growth (2018 -  2019): Mexico, $34.2M

Top Destination Growth (2018 - 2019): Germany, $26M

Between 2018 and 2019, the exports of Cellulose grew the fastest in Mexico ($34.2M), Thailand ($19.8M), South Korea ($9.04M), Turkey ($8.93M), and Singapore ($6.86M).

Between 2018 and 2019, the fastest growing importers of Cellulose were Germany ($26M), Japan ($15.2M), Belgium ($14.6M), Vietnam ($12.3M), and Brazil ($9.09M).

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Market Concentration

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Cumulative market share

This chart shows the evolution of the market concentration of exports of Cellulose.

In 2019,  market concentration measured using Shannon Entropy, was 3.97. This means that most of the exports of Cellulose are explained by 15 countries.

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TOP NET EXPORTER (2019): United States, $851M

TOP NET IMPORTER (2019): India, $319M

This map shows which countries export or import more of Cellulose. Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Cellulose during 2019.

In 2019, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Cellulose were United States ($851M), Germany ($740M), Finland ($135M), Netherlands ($126M), and China ($124M).

In 2019, the countries that had a largest trade value in imports than in exports of Cellulose were India ($319M), Russia ($188M), Italy ($139M), Spain ($108M), and Poland ($101M).

Disaggregation

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Value

In 2019, the world most traded Cellulose, disaggragated by their HS6 level were Cellulose ethers nes, in primary forms ($2.8B), Cellulose derivatives nes, in primary forms ($1.15B), Carboxymethylcellulose, salts, in primary forms ($880M), Cellulose acetates, non-plasticised, in primary forms ($576M), and Cellulose nitrates, collodions, in primary forms ($407M)

Import Tariffs

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In 2018, the average tariff for importing Cellulose was 4.48%.  The countries with the highest tariffs for importing Cellulose were Bahamas (40.2%), Bermuda (25%), Maldives (19.6%), Pakistan (12%), and Aruba (12%).

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Product Complexity

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Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a product's potential export opportunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth potential, lower income inequality, and lower emissions.