Overview:  This page contains the latest trade data of Barley. In 2019, Barley were the world's 426th most traded product, with a total trade of $6.7B. Between 2018 and 2019 the exports of Barley decreased by -15.7%, from $7.95B to $6.7B. Trade in Barley represent 0.037% of total world trade.

Exports: In 2019 the top exporters of Barley  were France ($1.51B), Russia ($765M), Australia ($764M), Argentina ($657M), and Canada ($529M).

Imports: In 2019 the top importers of Barley were China ($1.23B), Saudi Arabia ($816M), Iran ($632M), Netherlands ($461M), and Belgium ($412M).

Tariffs: In 2018 the average tariff for Barley was 10.5%, making it the 398th lowest tariff using the HS4 product classification.

The countries with the highest import tariffs for Barley are South Korea (339%), Lithuania (38.4%), Tunisia (36%), Hungary (26.5%), and Latvia (25.3%). The countries with the lowest tariffs are Angola (0%), Egypt (0%), Mauritius (0%), South Africa (0%), and United Arab Emirates (0%).

Ranking: Barley ranks 574th in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

Historical Data

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Exporters and Importers

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Trade By Country

Top Origin (2019): France, $1.51B

Top Destination (2019): China, $1.23B

Barley are the world's 426th most traded product.

In 2019, the top exporters of Barley were France ($1.51B), Russia ($765M), Australia ($764M), Argentina ($657M), and Canada ($529M).

In 2019, the top importers of Barley were China ($1.23B), Saudi Arabia ($816M), Iran ($632M), Netherlands ($461M), and Belgium ($412M).

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Market Dynamics

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Trade by country

Value

Top Origin Growth (2018 -  2019): France, $180M

Top Destination Growth (2018 - 2019): Spain, $138M

Between 2018 and 2019, the exports of Barley grew the fastest in France ($180M), Argentina ($92M), United Kingdom ($53.9M), Estonia ($21.4M), and Latvia ($11.7M).

Between 2018 and 2019, the fastest growing importers of Barley were Spain ($138M), Qatar ($41.7M), Thailand ($40.5M), India ($39.7M), and Mexico ($34.3M).

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Market Concentration

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Cumulative market share

This chart shows the evolution of the market concentration of exports of Barley.

In 2019,  market concentration measured using Shannon Entropy, was 3.81. This means that most of the exports of Barley are explained by 13 countries.

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TOP NET EXPORTER (2019): France, $1.48B

TOP NET IMPORTER (2019): China, $1.23B

This map shows which countries export or import more of Barley. Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Barley during 2019.

In 2019, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Barley were France ($1.48B), Australia ($764M), Russia ($756M), Argentina ($650M), and Canada ($522M).

In 2019, the countries that had a largest trade value in imports than in exports of Barley were China ($1.23B), Saudi Arabia ($816M), Iran ($632M), Netherlands ($433M), and Belgium ($363M).

Disaggregation

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Value

In 2019, the world most traded Barley, disaggragated by their HS6 level were Barley ($6.7B)

Import Tariffs

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In 2018, the average tariff for importing Barley was 10.5%. The countries with the highest tariffs for importing Barley were South Korea (339%), Lithuania (38.4%), Tunisia (36%), Hungary (26.5%), and Latvia (25.3%).

Product Complexity

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Diversification Frontier

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Specialization

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a product's potential export opportunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth potential, lower income inequality, and lower emissions.

Country by Relatedness

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The following visualization shows the relatedness of Barley to countries. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.