Sulphates; alums; peroxosulphates (persulphates)

2833 (Harmonized System 1992 for 4-digit)

About

Overview This page contains the latest trade data of Sulfates. In 2021, Sulfates were the world's 503rd most traded product, with a total trade of $5.79B. Between 2020 and 2021 the exports of Sulfates grew by 48.3%, from $3.9B to $5.79B. Trade in Sulfates represent 0.028% of total world trade.

Sulfates are a part of Inorganic chemicals. They include Sulphates of metals nes, Copper sulphates, Disodium sulphate, Nickel sulphates, Magnesium sulphate, Peroxosulphates (persulphates) of metals, Barium sulphate, Sodium sulphates other than disodium sulphate, Aluminium sulphate, and Chromium sulphates, among others.

Exports In 2021 the top exporters of Sulfates  were China ($1.33B), South Africa ($644M), Chinese Taipei ($479M), Germany ($439M), and Finland ($265M).

Imports In 2021 the top importers of Sulfates were Japan ($712M), Belgium ($618M), United States ($426M), China ($325M), and Canada ($187M).

Ranking Sulfates ranks 690th in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

Description Sulphates are compounds containing the SO4 ion. They are used in detergents, bleaches, and cleaners. Alums are compounds containing the Al(OH)3 ion. They are used in water purification and as a coagulant in the paper industry. Peroxosulphates are compounds containing the SO3O- ion. They are used in detergents, bleaches, and cleaners.

Latest Data

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The following visualization shows the latest trends on Sulfates. Countries are shown based on data availability.

For a full breakdown of trade patterns, visit the trend explorer or the product in country profile.

* Using January 2020 exchange rates when trade data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Exporters and Importers

Top Origin (2021)China$1.33B
Top Destination (2021)Japan$712M

In 2021 Sulfates were the world's 503rd most traded product (out of 1,217).

In 2021, the top exporters of Sulfates were China ($1.33B), South Africa ($644M), Chinese Taipei ($479M), Germany ($439M), and Finland ($265M).

In 2021, the top importers of Sulfates were Japan ($712M), Belgium ($618M), United States ($426M), China ($325M), and Canada ($187M).

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Exporters of Sulfates (2021)
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Importers of Sulfates (2021)
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Market Dynamics

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Top Origin Growth (2020 -  2021)South Africa$612M
Top Destination Growth (2020 -  2021)Belgium$537M

Between 2020 and 2021, the exports of Sulfates grew the fastest in South Africa ($612M), China ($265M), Chinese Taipei ($179M), South Korea ($133M), and Germany ($97.4M).

Between 2020 and 2021, the fastest growing importers of Sulfates were Belgium ($537M), China ($236M), Japan ($223M), Netherlands ($100M), and United States ($94.5M).

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Exporters of Sulfates (2020 - 2021)

Importers of Sulfates (2020 - 2021)

Market Concentration

Value

This chart shows the evolution of the market concentration of exports of Sulfates.

In 2021, market concentration measured using Shannon Entropy, was 4.32. This means that most of the exports of Sulfates are explained by 20 countries.

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Value of Exports in Sulfates

Net Trade

TOP NET EXPORTER (2021)China$1B
TOP NET IMPORTER (2021)Japan$600M

This map shows which countries export or import more of Sulfates. Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Sulfates during 2021.

In 2021, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Sulfates were China ($1B), South Africa ($583M), Chinese Taipei ($395M), Germany ($276M), and Finland ($216M).

In 2021, the countries that had a largest trade value in imports than in exports of Sulfates were Japan ($600M), Belgium ($444M), United States ($213M), Brazil ($142M), and Canada ($138M).

Net Trade (2021)

Disaggregation

Value

In 2021, the world most traded Sulfates, disaggragated by their HS6 level were Sulphates of metals nes ($1.55B), Copper sulphates ($1.38B), Nickel sulphates ($980M), Disodium sulphate ($690M), and Magnesium sulphate ($423M)

HS6 Disaggregation for Sulfates (2021)
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Country Comparison

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Ranking

This visualization shows the countries that have an important ratio of their trade related to Sulfates.
It is possible to select the main countries that export or import Sulfates in the world, or by continent, as well as select the measure of interest.

Top 10 Exporters Countries of Sulfates by percentage of total exports

Product Complexity

Diversification Frontier

Specialization

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a product's potential export opportunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth potential, lower income inequality, and lower emissions.

Relatedness vs Country Complexity (2021)

Country by Relatedness

The following visualization shows the relatedness of Sulfates to countries. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Relative Relatedness by Country (2021)

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