Sands of all kinds; natural, whether or not coloured, other than metal-bearing sands of chapter 26

2505 (Harmonized System 1992 for 4-digit)

About

Overview This page contains the latest trade data of Sand. In 2021, Sand were the world's 737th most traded product, with a total trade of $2.23B. Between 2020 and 2021 the exports of Sand grew by 19.7%, from $1.87B to $2.23B. Trade in Sand represent 0.011% of total world trade.

Sand are a part of Salt, sulphur, cement, lime, stone, & plaster. They include Silica sands and quartz sands and Natural sands nes, except sand for mineral extraction.

Exports In 2021 the top exporters of Sand  were United States ($487M), Australia ($206M), Netherlands ($192M), Germany ($177M), and Belgium ($159M).

Imports In 2021 the top importers of Sand were China ($329M), Canada ($219M), Belgium ($156M), Netherlands ($122M), and Japan ($117M).

Ranking Sand ranks 816th in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

Description Natural sands are used in a variety of industries. They are used in the construction industry to make concrete and asphalt. They are also used in the glass industry as a raw material.

Latest Data

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The following visualization shows the latest trends on Sand. Countries are shown based on data availability.

For a full breakdown of trade patterns, visit the trend explorer or the product in country profile.

* Using January 2020 exchange rates when trade data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Exporters and Importers

Top Origin (2021)United States$487M
Top Destination (2021)China$329M

In 2021 Sand were the world's 737th most traded product (out of 1,217).

In 2021, the top exporters of Sand were United States ($487M), Australia ($206M), Netherlands ($192M), Germany ($177M), and Belgium ($159M).

In 2021, the top importers of Sand were China ($329M), Canada ($219M), Belgium ($156M), Netherlands ($122M), and Japan ($117M).

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Exporters of Sand (2021)
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Importers of Sand (2021)
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Market Dynamics

Color
Top Origin Growth (2020 -  2021)United States$116M
Top Destination Growth (2020 -  2021)China$85.6M

Between 2020 and 2021, the exports of Sand grew the fastest in United States ($116M), Belgium ($39.6M), Indonesia ($33.2M), Mozambique ($29.3M), and Australia ($20.9M).

Between 2020 and 2021, the fastest growing importers of Sand were China ($85.6M), Canada ($44M), Mexico ($28.4M), Netherlands ($28.4M), and Chinese Taipei ($23.4M).

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Exporters of Sand (2020 - 2021)

Importers of Sand (2020 - 2021)

Market Concentration

Value

This chart shows the evolution of the market concentration of exports of Sand.

In 2021, market concentration measured using Shannon Entropy, was 4.51. This means that most of the exports of Sand are explained by 22 countries.

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Value of Exports in Sand

Net Trade

TOP NET EXPORTER (2021)United States$420M
TOP NET IMPORTER (2021)China$257M

This map shows which countries export or import more of Sand. Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Sand during 2021.

In 2021, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Sand were United States ($420M), Australia ($203M), Malaysia ($88.8M), Netherlands ($69.9M), and Germany ($68.7M).

In 2021, the countries that had a largest trade value in imports than in exports of Sand were China ($257M), Canada ($190M), Japan ($110M), Singapore ($71.5M), and Italy ($69.2M).

Net Trade (2021)

Disaggregation

Value

In 2021, the world most traded Sand, disaggragated by their HS6 level were Silica sands and quartz sands ($1.53B) and Natural sands nes, except sand for... ($705M)

HS6 Disaggregation for Sand (2021)
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Country Comparison

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Ranking

This visualization shows the countries that have an important ratio of their trade related to Sand.
It is possible to select the main countries that export or import Sand in the world, or by continent, as well as select the measure of interest.

Top 10 Exporters Countries of Sand by percentage of total exports

Product Complexity

Diversification Frontier

Specialization

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a product's potential export opportunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth potential, lower income inequality, and lower emissions.

Relatedness vs Country Complexity (2021)

Country by Relatedness

The following visualization shows the relatedness of Sand to countries. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Relative Relatedness by Country (2021)

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