Pearls; natural or cultured, whether or not worked or graded but not strung, mounted or set; pearls, natural or cultured, temporarily strung for the convenience of transport

7101 (Harmonized System 1992 for 4-digit)

About

Overview This page contains the latest trade data of Pearls. In 2021, Pearls were the world's 1011th most traded product, with a total trade of $622M. Between 2020 and 2021 the exports of Pearls grew by 39.4%, from $446M to $622M. Trade in Pearls represent 0.003% of total world trade.

Pearls are a part of Precious stones, metals, & pearls. They include Worked cultured pearls, Unworked cultured pearls, and Natural pearls, not permanently mounted or set.

Exports In 2021 the top exporters of Pearls  were Japan ($164M), Indonesia ($83.1M), China ($69.1M), Hong Kong ($55.8M), and Australia ($46.1M).

Imports In 2021 the top importers of Pearls were Hong Kong ($196M), Japan ($167M), United States ($66.1M), Australia ($25.6M), and China ($24.6M).

Ranking Pearls ranks 529th in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

Description Pearls are a type of gemstone that is formed from the nacre, or mother-of-pearl. Pearls can be made from various types of mollusks, including oysters and mussels.

Latest Data

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The following visualization shows the latest trends on Pearls. Countries are shown based on data availability.

For a full breakdown of trade patterns, visit the trend explorer or the product in country profile.

* Using January 2020 exchange rates when trade data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Exporters and Importers

Top Origin (2021)Japan$164M
Top Destination (2021)Hong Kong$196M

In 2021 Pearls were the world's 1011th most traded product (out of 1,217).

In 2021, the top exporters of Pearls were Japan ($164M), Indonesia ($83.1M), China ($69.1M), Hong Kong ($55.8M), and Australia ($46.1M).

In 2021, the top importers of Pearls were Hong Kong ($196M), Japan ($167M), United States ($66.1M), Australia ($25.6M), and China ($24.6M).

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Exporters of Pearls (2021)
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Importers of Pearls (2021)
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Market Dynamics

Color
Top Origin Growth (2020 -  2021)Japan$89.3M
Top Destination Growth (2020 -  2021)Hong Kong$73.4M

Between 2020 and 2021, the exports of Pearls grew the fastest in Japan ($89.3M), China ($38.2M), Indonesia ($18.8M), Switzerland ($13.3M), and Thailand ($10.7M).

Between 2020 and 2021, the fastest growing importers of Pearls were Hong Kong ($73.4M), Japan ($45.2M), United States ($24.3M), Switzerland ($13.1M), and China ($9.51M).

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Exporters of Pearls (2020 - 2021)

Importers of Pearls (2020 - 2021)

Market Concentration

Value

This chart shows the evolution of the market concentration of exports of Pearls.

In 2021, market concentration measured using Shannon Entropy, was 3.56. This means that most of the exports of Pearls are explained by 11 countries.

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Value of Exports in Pearls

Net Trade

TOP NET EXPORTER (2021)Indonesia$83.1M
TOP NET IMPORTER (2021)Hong Kong$140M

This map shows which countries export or import more of Pearls. Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Pearls during 2021.

In 2021, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Pearls were Indonesia ($83.1M), China ($44.5M), French Polynesia ($42.8M), Philippines ($25.5M), and Burma ($22.2M).

In 2021, the countries that had a largest trade value in imports than in exports of Pearls were Hong Kong ($140M), United States ($41.8M), India ($17M), Italy ($11.8M), and Germany ($6.23M).

Net Trade (2021)

Disaggregation

Value

In 2021, the world most traded Pearls, disaggragated by their HS6 level were Worked cultured pearls ($302M), Unworked cultured pearls ($253M), and Natural pearls, not permanently mounted or... ($67.2M)

HS6 Disaggregation for Pearls (2021)
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Country Comparison

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Ranking

This visualization shows the countries that have an important ratio of their trade related to Pearls.
It is possible to select the main countries that export or import Pearls in the world, or by continent, as well as select the measure of interest.

Top 10 Exporters Countries of Pearls by percentage of total exports

Product Complexity

Diversification Frontier

Specialization

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a product's potential export opportunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth potential, lower income inequality, and lower emissions.

Relatedness vs Country Complexity (2021)

Country by Relatedness

The following visualization shows the relatedness of Pearls to countries. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Relative Relatedness by Country (2021)

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