HS Icon Pearls

Pearls; natural or cultured, whether or not worked or graded but not strung, mounted or set; pearls, natural or cultured, temporarily strung for the convenience of transport

7101 (Harmonized System 1992 for 4-digit)

Overview This page contains the latest trade data of Pearls. In 2020, Pearls were the world's 1017th most traded product, with a total trade of $450M. Between 2019 and 2020 the exports of Pearls decreased by -50.5%, from $910M to $450M. Trade in Pearls represent 0.0027% of total world trade.

Pearls are a part of Precious metals, gems and jewelry. They include Worked cultured pearls, Unworked cultured pearls, and Natural pearls, not permanently mounted or set.

Exports In 2020 the top exporters of Pearls  were Japan ($75.2M), Australia ($69.9M), Indonesia ($66M), Hong Kong ($64.2M), and French Polynesia ($32.6M).

Imports In 2020 the top importers of Pearls were Japan ($124M), Hong Kong ($122M), India ($49.1M), United States ($43.1M), and Australia ($24.3M).

Ranking Pearls ranks 668th in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

Description Pearls are a type of gemstone that is formed from the nacre, or mother-of-pearl. Pearls can be made from various types of mollusks, including oysters and mussels.

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Flow
Y-AXIS SCALE

The following visualization shows the latest trends on Pearls. Countries are shown based on data availability.

For a full breakdown of trade patterns, visit the trend explorer or the product in country profile.

* Using January 2020 exchange rates when trade data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

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Exporters and Importers

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Trade By Country

Top Origin (2020): Japan, $75.2M

Top Destination (2020): Japan, $124M

Pearls are the world's 1017th most traded product.

In 2020, the top exporters of Pearls were Japan ($75.2M), Australia ($69.9M), Indonesia ($66M), Hong Kong ($64.2M), and French Polynesia ($32.6M).

In 2020, the top importers of Pearls were Japan ($124M), Hong Kong ($122M), India ($49.1M), United States ($43.1M), and Australia ($24.3M).

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Market Dynamics

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Trade by country

Value

Top Origin Growth (2019 -  2020): Hong Kong, $13.4M

Top Destination Growth (2019 - 2020): India, $23.5M

Between 2019 and 2020, the exports of Pearls grew the fastest in Hong Kong ($13.4M), United Arab Emirates ($5.03M), France ($1.66M), Bahrain ($917k), and Ireland ($550k).

Between 2019 and 2020, the fastest growing importers of Pearls were India ($23.5M), United Arab Emirates ($1.06M), Nauru ($997k), Macau ($718k), and Luxembourg ($629k).

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Market Concentration

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Cumulative market share

Value

This chart shows the evolution of the market concentration of exports of Pearls.

In 2020,  market concentration measured using Shannon Entropy, was 3.6. This means that most of the exports of Pearls are explained by 12 countries.

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TOP NET EXPORTER (2020): Indonesia, $65.5M

TOP NET IMPORTER (2020): Hong Kong, $57.5M

This map shows which countries export or import more of Pearls. Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Pearls during 2020.

In 2020, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Pearls were Indonesia ($65.5M), Australia ($45.6M), French Polynesia ($32.6M), Philippines ($24.1M), and China ($16M).

In 2020, the countries that had a largest trade value in imports than in exports of Pearls were Hong Kong ($57.5M), Japan ($48.9M), India ($47.3M), United States ($25.3M), and Italy ($6.36M).

Disaggregation

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Value

In 2020, the world most traded Pearls, disaggragated by their HS6 level were Worked cultured pearls ($239M), Unworked cultured pearls ($174M), and Natural pearls, not permanently mounted or... ($36.9M)

Country Comparison

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Flow
Measure
Ranking

This visualization shows the countries that have an important ratio of their trade related to Pearls.
It is possible to select the main countries that export or import Pearls in the world, or by continent, as well as select the measure of interest.

Product Complexity

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Diversification Frontier

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Specialization

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a product's potential export opportunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth potential, lower income inequality, and lower emissions.

Country by Relatedness

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The following visualization shows the relatedness of Pearls to countries. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.