Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories

90 (Harmonized System 1992 for 2-digit)

About

Overview This page contains the latest trade data of Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments. In 2021, Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments were the world's 8th most traded product, with a total trade of $733B. Between 2020 and 2021 the exports of Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments grew by 16.9%, from $627B to $733B. Trade in Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments represent 3.48% of total world trade.

Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments are a part of Instruments. They include Medical Instruments, LCDs, Orthopedic Appliances, Chemical Analysis Instruments, Other Measuring Instruments, Thermostats, Optical Fibers and optical fibre bundles, Oscilloscopes, Photo Lab Equipment, and X-Ray Equipment, among others.

Exports In 2021 the top exporters of Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments  were United States ($108B), China ($99.5B), Germany ($81.8B), Japan ($61.8B), and Netherlands ($50.4B).

Imports In 2021 the top importers of Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments were United States ($110B), China ($100B), Germany ($48.5B), South Korea ($37B), and Chinese Taipei ($32.3B).

Ranking Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments ranks 5th in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

Latest Data

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The following visualization shows the latest trends on Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments. Countries are shown based on data availability.

For a full breakdown of trade patterns, visit the trend explorer or the product in country profile.

* Using January 2020 exchange rates when trade data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Exporters and Importers

Top Origin (2021)United States$108B
Top Destination (2021)United States$110B

In 2021 Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments were the world's 8th most traded product (out of 96).

In 2021, the top exporters of Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments were United States ($108B), China ($99.5B), Germany ($81.8B), Japan ($61.8B), and Netherlands ($50.4B).

In 2021, the top importers of Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments were United States ($110B), China ($100B), Germany ($48.5B), South Korea ($37B), and Chinese Taipei ($32.3B).

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Exporters of Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments (2021)
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Importers of Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments (2021)
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Market Dynamics

Color
Top Origin Growth (2020 -  2021)China$15.8B
Top Destination Growth (2020 -  2021)China$15B

Between 2020 and 2021, the exports of Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments grew the fastest in China ($15.8B), United States ($12.3B), Japan ($11.1B), Netherlands ($10.2B), and Germany ($9.28B).

Between 2020 and 2021, the fastest growing importers of Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments were China ($15B), United States ($14.2B), Chinese Taipei ($8.73B), South Korea ($8.41B), and Germany ($6.27B).

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Exporters of Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments (2020 - 2021)

Importers of Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments (2020 - 2021)

Market Concentration

Value

This chart shows the evolution of the market concentration of exports of Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments.

In 2021, market concentration measured using Shannon Entropy, was 4.47. This means that most of the exports of Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments are explained by 22 countries.

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Value of Exports in Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments

Net Trade

TOP NET EXPORTER (2021)Germany$33.3B
TOP NET IMPORTER (2021)Hong Kong$16.2B

This map shows which countries export or import more of Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments. Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments during 2021.

In 2021, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments were Germany ($33.3B), Japan ($32.3B), Netherlands ($18.6B), Ireland ($12.1B), and Singapore ($11.7B).

In 2021, the countries that had a largest trade value in imports than in exports of Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments were Hong Kong ($16.2B), South Korea ($13B), Chinese Taipei ($9.07B), India ($8.01B), and Russia ($7.47B).

Net Trade (2021)

Disaggregation

Value
Disaggregation

In 2021, the world most traded Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical..., disaggragated by their HS6 level were Medical Instruments ($150B), Photo Lab Equipment ($71.2B), Orthopedic Appliances ($68.3B), LCDs ($58.3B), and Chemical Analysis Instruments ($55.1B)

HS6 Disaggregation for Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments (2021)
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Country Comparison

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Ranking

This visualization shows the countries that have an important ratio of their trade related to Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments.
It is possible to select the main countries that export or import Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments in the world, or by continent, as well as select the measure of interest.

Top 10 Exporters Countries of Optical, photo, & film equipment; medical instruments by percentage of total exports

Product Complexity

Diversification Frontier

Specialization

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a product's potential export opportunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth potential, lower income inequality, and lower emissions.

Relatedness vs Country Complexity (2021)

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