Onions, shallots, garlic, leeks and other alliaceous vegetables; fresh or chilled

0703 (Harmonized System 1992 for 4-digit)

About

Overview This page contains the latest trade data of Onions. In 2021, Onions were the world's 432nd most traded product, with a total trade of $7.53B. Between 2020 and 2021 the exports of Onions grew by 0.95%, from $7.46B to $7.53B. Trade in Onions represent 0.036% of total world trade.

Onions are a part of Edible vegetables, roots, & tubers. They include Onions & Shallots (Fresh/Chilled), Garlic (Fresh/Chilled), and Leeks & Other Alliaceous Veggies (Fresh/Chilled).

Exports In 2021 the top exporters of Onions  were China ($2.58B), Netherlands ($914M), Spain ($697M), Mexico ($473M), and India ($471M).

Imports In 2021 the top importers of Onions were United States ($777M), Indonesia ($617M), Vietnam ($482M), Germany ($450M), and Malaysia ($332M).

Ranking Onions ranks 999th in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

Latest Data

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The following visualization shows the latest trends on Onions. Countries are shown based on data availability.

For a full breakdown of trade patterns, visit the trend explorer or the product in country profile.

* Using January 2020 exchange rates when trade data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Exporters and Importers

Top Origin (2021)China$2.58B
Top Destination (2021)United States$777M

In 2021 Onions were the world's 432nd most traded product (out of 1,217).

In 2021, the top exporters of Onions were China ($2.58B), Netherlands ($914M), Spain ($697M), Mexico ($473M), and India ($471M).

In 2021, the top importers of Onions were United States ($777M), Indonesia ($617M), Vietnam ($482M), Germany ($450M), and Malaysia ($332M).

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Exporters of Onions (2021)
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Importers of Onions (2021)
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Market Dynamics

Color
Top Origin Growth (2020 -  2021)India$94.4M
Top Destination Growth (2020 -  2021)Germany$78.8M

Between 2020 and 2021, the exports of Onions grew the fastest in India ($94.4M), New Zealand ($33.5M), Mexico ($32.4M), Yemen ($22.4M), and Pakistan ($21.4M).

Between 2020 and 2021, the fastest growing importers of Onions were Germany ($78.8M), United States ($64.2M), Indonesia ($54.3M), Japan ($44.3M), and United Kingdom ($38.1M).

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Exporters of Onions (2020 - 2021)

Importers of Onions (2020 - 2021)

Market Concentration

Value

This chart shows the evolution of the market concentration of exports of Onions.

In 2021, market concentration measured using Shannon Entropy, was 3.83. This means that most of the exports of Onions are explained by 14 countries.

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Value of Exports in Onions

Net Trade

TOP NET EXPORTER (2021)China$2.56B
TOP NET IMPORTER (2021)Indonesia$610M

This map shows which countries export or import more of Onions. Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Onions during 2021.

In 2021, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Onions were China ($2.56B), Netherlands ($700M), Spain ($595M), India ($455M), and Mexico ($382M).

In 2021, the countries that had a largest trade value in imports than in exports of Onions were Indonesia ($610M), United States ($527M), Vietnam ($474M), Germany ($390M), and United Kingdom ($316M).

Net Trade (2021)

Disaggregation

Value

In 2021, the world most traded Onions, disaggragated by their HS6 level were Onions & Shallots (Fresh/Chilled) ($3.9B), Garlic (Fresh/Chilled) ($3.2B), and Leeks & Other Alliaceous Veggies (Fresh/Chilled) ($425M)

HS6 Disaggregation for Onions (2021)
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Country Comparison

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Ranking

This visualization shows the countries that have an important ratio of their trade related to Onions.
It is possible to select the main countries that export or import Onions in the world, or by continent, as well as select the measure of interest.

Top 10 Exporters Countries of Onions by percentage of total exports

Product Complexity

Diversification Frontier

Specialization

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a product's potential export opportunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth potential, lower income inequality, and lower emissions.

Relatedness vs Country Complexity (2021)

Country by Relatedness

The following visualization shows the relatedness of Onions to countries. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Relative Relatedness by Country (2021)

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