Overview This page contains the latest trade data of Onions. In 2020, Onions were the world's 382nd most traded product, with a total trade of $7.41B. Between 2019 and 2020 the exports of Onions grew by 1.91%, from $7.27B to $7.41B. Trade in Onions represent 0.044% of total world trade.

Onions are a part of Edible vegetables, roots, & tubers. They include Onions and shallots, fresh or chilled, Garlic, fresh or chilled, and Leeks & other alliaceous vegetables, fresh or chilled.

Exports In 2020 the top exporters of Onions  were China ($2.63B), Netherlands ($913M), Spain ($682M), Mexico ($441M), and India ($372M).

Imports In 2020 the top importers of Onions were United States ($714M), Indonesia ($561M), Vietnam ($533M), Germany ($371M), and Brazil ($323M).

Tariffs In 2018 the average tariff for Onions was 21.8%, making it the 85th lowest tariff using the HS4 product classification.

Ranking Onions ranks 998th in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

View
Flow
Y-AXIS SCALE

The following visualization shows the latest trends on Onions. Countries are shown based on data availability.

For a full breakdown of trade patterns, visit the trend explorer or the product in country profile.

* Using January 2020 exchange rates when trade data is reported in local currency.

Explore Latest Trends

Historical Data

#permalink to section

Exporters and Importers

#permalink to section

Trade By Country

Top Origin (2020): China, $2.63B

Top Destination (2020): United States, $714M

Onions are the world's 382nd most traded product.

In 2020, the top exporters of Onions were China ($2.63B), Netherlands ($913M), Spain ($682M), Mexico ($441M), and India ($372M).

In 2020, the top importers of Onions were United States ($714M), Indonesia ($561M), Vietnam ($533M), Germany ($371M), and Brazil ($323M).

Explore Visualizations

Market Dynamics

#permalink to section

Trade by country

Value

Top Origin Growth (2019 -  2020): Spain, $72.6M

Top Destination Growth (2019 - 2020): Bangladesh, $65.6M

Between 2019 and 2020, the exports of Onions grew the fastest in Spain ($72.6M), Pakistan ($59.2M), Netherlands ($49.8M), Mexico ($47M), and China ($44.2M).

Between 2019 and 2020, the fastest growing importers of Onions were Bangladesh ($65.6M), United States ($61.2M), Brazil ($46.3M), Pakistan ($34M), and Philippines ($29.1M).

Explore Visualizations

Market Concentration

#permalink to section

Cumulative market share

Value

This chart shows the evolution of the market concentration of exports of Onions.

In 2020,  market concentration measured using Shannon Entropy, was 3.8. This means that most of the exports of Onions are explained by 13 countries.

Explore Visualizations

TOP NET EXPORTER (2020): China, $2.6B

TOP NET IMPORTER (2020): Indonesia, $546M

This map shows which countries export or import more of Onions. Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Onions during 2020.

In 2020, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Onions were China ($2.6B), Netherlands ($719M), Spain ($593M), Mexico ($334M), and India ($333M).

In 2020, the countries that had a largest trade value in imports than in exports of Onions were Indonesia ($546M), Vietnam ($527M), United States ($469M), Brazil ($314M), and Germany ($307M).

Disaggregation

#permalink to section
Value

In 2020, the world most traded Onions, disaggragated by their HS6 level were Onions and shallots, fresh or chilled ($3.84B), Garlic, fresh or chilled ($3.24B), and Leeks & other alliaceous vegetables, fresh... ($337M)

Country Comparison

#permalink to section
Flow
Measure
Ranking

This visualization shows the countries that have an important ratio of their trade related to Onions.
It is possible to select the main countries that export or import Onions in the world, or by continent, as well as select the measure of interest.

Product Complexity

#permalink to section

Diversification Frontier

#permalink to section
Specialization

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a product's potential export opportunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth potential, lower income inequality, and lower emissions.

Country by Relatedness

#permalink to section

The following visualization shows the relatedness of Onions to countries. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.