Printing machinery; used for printing by means of plates, cylinders and other printing components of heading 84.42; other printers, copying machines and facsimile machines, whether or not combined; parts and accessories thereof

8443 (Harmonized System 1992 for 4-digit)

About

Overview This page contains the latest trade data of Industrial Printers. In 2022, Industrial Printers were the world's 94th most traded product, with a total trade of $49.3B. Between 2021 and 2022 the exports of Industrial Printers decreased by -9.25%, from $54.3B to $49.3B. Trade in Industrial Printers represent 0.21% of total world trade.

Industrial Printers are a part of Machinery, mechanical appliances, & parts. They include Parts of printing machinery and ancillary equipment, Printing machinery nes, Offset printing machinery nes, Reel fed offset printing machinery, Flexographic printing machinery, Machines for uses ancillary to printing, Gravure printing machinery, Reel fed letterpress printers except flexographic, Letterpress printing machinery nes except flexographi, and Sheet fed, office offset printers, sheet < 22x36 cm, among others.

Exports In 2022 the top exporters of Industrial Printers  were China ($10.4B), Japan ($8.44B), Germany ($5.98B), Malaysia ($3.77B), and Netherlands ($3.73B).

Imports In 2022 the top importers of Industrial Printers were United States ($8.21B), Netherlands ($4.02B), Germany ($3.94B), China ($3.85B), and France ($1.85B).

Ranking Industrial Printers ranks 55th in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

Description Printing machinery is used to print on a variety of different materials, including paper, cardboard, plastic, and metal. Printers are used to print documents on paper. Copying machines are used to copy documents onto paper. Facsimile machines are used to send and receive faxes.

Latest Data

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The following visualization shows the latest trends on Industrial Printers. Countries are shown based on data availability.

For a full breakdown of trade patterns, visit the trend explorer or the product in country profile.

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* Trade values are converted to USD using each month's exchange rate. For December 2023 data, the exchange rate from December 30, 2023 is used.

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Historical Data

Exporters and Importers

Top Origin (2022)China$10.4B
Top Destination (2022)United States$8.21B

In 2022 Industrial Printers were the world's 94th most traded product (out of 1,218).

In 2022, the top exporters of Industrial Printers were China ($10.4B), Japan ($8.44B), Germany ($5.98B), Malaysia ($3.77B), and Netherlands ($3.73B).

In 2022, the top importers of Industrial Printers were United States ($8.21B), Netherlands ($4.02B), Germany ($3.94B), China ($3.85B), and France ($1.85B).

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Exporters of Industrial Printers (2022)
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Importers of Industrial Printers (2022)
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Market Dynamics

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Top Origin Growth (2021 -  2022)Thailand$117M
Top Destination Decrease (2021 -  2022)United States-$1.09B

Between 2021 and 2022, the exports of Industrial Printers grew the fastest in Thailand ($117M), United Arab Emirates ($108M), United States ($86M), Belgium ($74.4M), and Chinese Taipei ($60.1M).

Between 2021 and 2022, the fastest declining importers of Industrial Printers were United States (-$1.09B), Singapore (-$874M), Germany (-$870M), China (-$686M), and Hong Kong (-$650M).

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Exporters of Industrial Printers (2021 - 2022)

Importers of Industrial Printers (2021 - 2022)

Market Concentration

Value

This chart shows the evolution of the market concentration of exports of Industrial Printers.

In 2022, market concentration measured using Shannon Entropy, was 3.99. This means that most of the exports of Industrial Printers are explained by 15 countries.

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Value of Exports in Industrial Printers

Net Trade

TOP NET EXPORTER (2022)Japan$6.68B
TOP NET IMPORTER (2022)United States$5.76B

This map shows which countries export or import more of Industrial Printers. Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Industrial Printers during 2022.

In 2022, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Industrial Printers were Japan ($6.68B), China ($6.54B), Malaysia ($3.19B), Germany ($2.03B), and Singapore ($494M).

In 2022, the countries that had a largest trade value in imports than in exports of Industrial Printers were United States ($5.76B), Hong Kong ($1.41B), France ($1.06B), Canada ($897M), and India ($614M).

Net Trade (2022)

Disaggregation

Value

In 2022, the world most traded Industrial Printers, disaggragated by their HS6 level were Parts of printing machinery and ancillary... ($43B), Offset printing machinery nes ($2.43B), Printing machinery nes ($1.84B), Flexographic printing machinery ($1.27B), and Reel fed offset printing machinery ($313M)

HS6 Disaggregation for Industrial Printers (2022)
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Country Comparison

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This visualization shows the countries that have an important ratio of their trade related to Industrial Printers.
It is possible to select the main countries that export or import Industrial Printers in the world, or by continent, as well as select the measure of interest.

Top 10 Exporters Countries of Industrial Printers by percentage of total exports

Potential Exports

Potential Exports

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TOP EXPORT POTENTIALChina+ $249M
TOP IMPORT POTENTIALChina+ $232M

Industrial Printers’s highest export potential is China. With an export gap of $249M.  Industrial Printers’s highest import potential is China with an import gap of $232M.

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Product Complexity

Diversification Frontier

Specialization

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a product's potential export opportunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth potential, lower income inequality, and lower emissions.

Relatedness vs Country Complexity (2022)

Country by Relatedness

The following visualization shows the relatedness of Industrial Printers to countries. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Relative Relatedness by Country (2022)

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