Clays; (not including expanded clays of heading no. 6806), andalusite kyanite and sillimanite, whether or not calcined; mullite; chamotte or dinas earth

2508 (Harmonized System 1992 for 4-digit)

About

Overview This page contains the latest trade data of Clays. In 2021, Clays were the world's 697th most traded product, with a total trade of $2.63B. Between 2020 and 2021 the exports of Clays grew by 24.8%, from $2.1B to $2.63B. Trade in Clays represent 0.012% of total world trade.

Clays are a part of Salt, sulphur, cement, lime, stone, & plaster. They include Bentonite, Other clays (except expanded clay for insulation), Fire-clay, Chamotte or dinas earths, Andalusite, kyanite and sillimanite, Mullite, and Decolourising earths and fuller's earth.

Exports In 2021 the top exporters of Clays  were China ($457M), United States ($428M), Ukraine ($362M), Germany ($167M), and Turkey ($137M).

Imports In 2021 the top importers of Clays were Italy ($266M), Netherlands ($207M), Germany ($202M), Spain ($142M), and Japan ($102M).

Ranking Clays ranks 788th in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

Description Clays are used in many industries, including paper, paints, ceramics, and plastics. Andalusite, kyanite, and sillimanite are used in the construction industry. Mullite is used in the steel industry. Chamotte or dinas earths are used in the construction industry.

Latest Data

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The following visualization shows the latest trends on Clays. Countries are shown based on data availability.

For a full breakdown of trade patterns, visit the trend explorer or the product in country profile.

* Using January 2020 exchange rates when trade data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Exporters and Importers

Top Origin (2021)China$457M
Top Destination (2021)Italy$266M

In 2021 Clays were the world's 697th most traded product (out of 1,217).

In 2021, the top exporters of Clays were China ($457M), United States ($428M), Ukraine ($362M), Germany ($167M), and Turkey ($137M).

In 2021, the top importers of Clays were Italy ($266M), Netherlands ($207M), Germany ($202M), Spain ($142M), and Japan ($102M).

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Exporters of Clays (2021)
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Importers of Clays (2021)
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Market Dynamics

Color
Top Origin Growth (2020 -  2021)China$157M
Top Destination Growth (2020 -  2021)Italy$95.1M

Between 2020 and 2021, the exports of Clays grew the fastest in China ($157M), Ukraine ($113M), United States ($82.8M), Netherlands ($29.6M), and Turkey ($23.7M).

Between 2020 and 2021, the fastest growing importers of Clays were Italy ($95.1M), Netherlands ($54.6M), Spain ($37.1M), Germany ($27.6M), and Indonesia ($26.1M).

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Exporters of Clays (2020 - 2021)

Importers of Clays (2020 - 2021)

Market Concentration

Value

This chart shows the evolution of the market concentration of exports of Clays.

In 2021, market concentration measured using Shannon Entropy, was 4.24. This means that most of the exports of Clays are explained by 18 countries.

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Value of Exports in Clays

Net Trade

TOP NET EXPORTER (2021)United States$378M
TOP NET IMPORTER (2021)Italy$208M

This map shows which countries export or import more of Clays. Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Clays during 2021.

In 2021, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Clays were United States ($378M), China ($372M), Ukraine ($353M), Turkey ($98.9M), and Greece ($39M).

In 2021, the countries that had a largest trade value in imports than in exports of Clays were Italy ($208M), Netherlands ($88.1M), Canada ($79.6M), Poland ($76.9M), and Russia ($69M).

Net Trade (2021)

Disaggregation

Value

In 2021, the world most traded Clays, disaggragated by their HS6 level were Bentonite ($1.01B), Other clays (except expanded clay for... ($657M), Fire-clay ($592M), Mullite ($139M), and Andalusite, kyanite and sillimanite ($125M)

HS6 Disaggregation for Clays (2021)
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Country Comparison

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Ranking

This visualization shows the countries that have an important ratio of their trade related to Clays.
It is possible to select the main countries that export or import Clays in the world, or by continent, as well as select the measure of interest.

Top 10 Exporters Countries of Clays by percentage of total exports

Product Complexity

Diversification Frontier

Specialization

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a product's potential export opportunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth potential, lower income inequality, and lower emissions.

Relatedness vs Country Complexity (2021)

Country by Relatedness

The following visualization shows the relatedness of Clays to countries. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Relative Relatedness by Country (2021)

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