Citrus fruit; fresh or dried

0805 (Harmonized System 1992 for 4-digit)

About

Overview This page contains the latest trade data of Citrus. In 2021, Citrus were the world's 247th most traded product, with a total trade of $16.7B. Between 2020 and 2021 the exports of Citrus grew by 2.16%, from $16.4B to $16.7B. Trade in Citrus represent 0.08% of total world trade.

Citrus are a part of Edible fruits, nuts & fruit peels. They include Oranges (Fresh/Dried), Mandarins, Clementines & Citrus Hybrids (Fresh/Dried), Lemons & Limes (Fresh/Dried), Grapefruit (Fresh/Dried), and Miscellaneous Citrus Fruits (Fresh/Dried).

Exports In 2021 the top exporters of Citrus  were Spain ($4.12B), South Africa ($1.93B), China ($1.21B), Turkey ($982M), and Egypt ($982M).

Imports In 2021 the top importers of Citrus were Germany ($1.74B), United States ($1.51B), France ($1.3B), Netherlands ($1.07B), and Russia ($1.05B).

Ranking Citrus ranks 846th in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

Latest Data

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The following visualization shows the latest trends on Citrus. Countries are shown based on data availability.

For a full breakdown of trade patterns, visit the trend explorer or the product in country profile.

* Using January 2020 exchange rates when trade data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Exporters and Importers

Top Origin (2021)Spain$4.12B
Top Destination (2021)Germany$1.74B

In 2021 Citrus were the world's 247th most traded product (out of 1,217).

In 2021, the top exporters of Citrus were Spain ($4.12B), South Africa ($1.93B), China ($1.21B), Turkey ($982M), and Egypt ($982M).

In 2021, the top importers of Citrus were Germany ($1.74B), United States ($1.51B), France ($1.3B), Netherlands ($1.07B), and Russia ($1.05B).

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Exporters of Citrus (2021)
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Importers of Citrus (2021)
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Market Dynamics

Color
Top Origin Growth (2020 -  2021)Greece$275M
Top Destination Growth (2020 -  2021)United States$209M

Between 2020 and 2021, the exports of Citrus grew the fastest in Greece ($275M), Mexico ($142M), South Africa ($89.9M), Egypt ($24.7M), and Morocco ($19.1M).

Between 2020 and 2021, the fastest growing importers of Citrus were United States ($209M), Germany ($121M), India ($59.4M), Romania ($57.6M), and Thailand ($57.5M).

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Exporters of Citrus (2020 - 2021)

Importers of Citrus (2020 - 2021)

Market Concentration

Value

This chart shows the evolution of the market concentration of exports of Citrus.

In 2021, market concentration measured using Shannon Entropy, was 4.21. This means that most of the exports of Citrus are explained by 18 countries.

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Value of Exports in Citrus

Net Trade

TOP NET EXPORTER (2021)Spain$3.83B
TOP NET IMPORTER (2021)Germany$1.6B

This map shows which countries export or import more of Citrus. Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Citrus during 2021.

In 2021, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Citrus were Spain ($3.83B), South Africa ($1.91B), Egypt ($978M), Turkey ($950M), and Mexico ($714M).

In 2021, the countries that had a largest trade value in imports than in exports of Citrus were Germany ($1.6B), France ($1.18B), Russia ($1.04B), United Kingdom ($766M), and United States ($606M).

Net Trade (2021)

Disaggregation

Value

In 2021, the world most traded Citrus, disaggragated by their HS6 level were Mandarins, Clementines & Citrus Hybrids (Fresh/Dried) ($6.1B), Oranges (Fresh/Dried) ($5.76B), Lemons & Limes (Fresh/Dried) ($3.91B), Grapefruit (Fresh/Dried) ($876M), and Miscellaneous Citrus Fruits (Fresh/Dried) ($102M)

HS6 Disaggregation for Citrus (2021)
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Country Comparison

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Ranking

This visualization shows the countries that have an important ratio of their trade related to Citrus.
It is possible to select the main countries that export or import Citrus in the world, or by continent, as well as select the measure of interest.

Top 10 Exporters Countries of Citrus by percentage of total exports

Product Complexity

Diversification Frontier

Specialization

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a product's potential export opportunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth potential, lower income inequality, and lower emissions.

Relatedness vs Country Complexity (2021)

Country by Relatedness

The following visualization shows the relatedness of Citrus to countries. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Relative Relatedness by Country (2021)

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