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Overview In 2021 Venezuela was the number 135 economy in the world in terms of total exports and the number 126 in total imports.

Exports The top exports of Venezuela are Scrap Iron ($570M), Acyclic Alcohols ($487M), Iron Ore ($342M), Crustaceans ($186M), and Iron Reductions ($185M), exporting mostly to China ($843M), Turkey ($452M), United States ($308M), Netherlands ($171M), and Brazil ($168M).

Imports The top imports of Venezuela are Rice ($262M), Soybean Oil ($255M), Refined Petroleum ($232M), Broadcasting Equipment ($213M), and Raw Sugar ($200M), importing mostly from China ($2.19B), United States ($1.55B), Brazil ($1.09B), Colombia ($331M), and India ($312M).

Location Venezuela borders Colombia, Guyana, and Brazil by land and Trinidad and Tobago by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade

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Y-AXIS SCALE

The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Venezuela.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Latest Data

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Depth

The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Flow
Color
Depth
Top Export (2021)Scrap Iron$570M
Top Destination (2021)China$843M

In 2021, Venezuela exported a total of $3.2B, making it the number 135 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Venezuela have changed by -$23.7B from $26.9B in 2016 to $3.2B in 2021.

The most recent exports are led by Scrap Iron ($570M), Acyclic Alcohols ($487M), Iron Ore ($342M), Crustaceans ($186M), and Iron Reductions ($185M). The most common destination for the exports of Venezuela are China ($843M), Turkey ($452M), United States ($308M), Netherlands ($171M), and Brazil ($168M).

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Exports (2021)
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Destinations (2021)
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Market Growth

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2020 - 2021)
Turkey$404M (+ 833%)
China$381M (+ 82.3%)
United States$138M (+ 80.9%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2020 - 2021)
China$667M (+ 43.9%)
United States$458M (+ 42%)
Brazil$304M (+ 38.9%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2020 - 2021)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Venezuela Exports Services (2018)$798M
Venezuela Imports Services (2018)$7.29B

In 2018, Venezuela exported $798M worth of services. The top services exported by Venezuela in 2018 were Sea transport ($277M), Personal travel ($175M), Business travel ($77M), Air transport ($75M), and Telecommunications services ($59M).

The top services imported by Venezuela in 2018 were Other personal, cultural, and recreational services ($2.13B), Sea transport ($1.05B), Air transport ($795M), Personal travel ($748M), and Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($731M).

Service Exports (2018)

Service Imports (2018)

Economic Complexity

Overview

Economic Complexity (Trade)-1.08Rank 110 of 131
Economic Complexity (Technology)-1.51Rank 91 of 96
Economic Complexity (Research)0.38Rank 41 of 140

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Venezuela has a high level of specialization in Iron Reductions (188), Acyclic Alcohols (80.1), Bovine (78.8), Scrap Iron (66.1), and Sulphur (41.3). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Venezuela observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

The highest complexity exports of Venezuela according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Tungsten (wolfram); articles thereof, including waste and scrap (1.43), Sulphonamides (1.26), Nonwovens; whether or not impregnated, coated, covered or laminated (0.78), Hydrogen peroxide; whether or not solidified with urea (0.4), and Paper, paperboard, cellulose wadding and webs of cellulose fibres; cut to size... (0.33). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Venezuela according to the relatedness index, were Crude Petroleum (0.14), Petroleum Gas (0.12), Tropical Fruits (0.11), Bran (0.11), and Manganese Ore (0.11). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Venezuela is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Venezuela. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Venezuela exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 20 years Venezuela's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨55th to the 110th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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ECI (Trade) Ranking by Country

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