Flag Tonga

2019
Product
Exports | Imports
: $14.9M | $206M, 215 of 225 |  201 of 225

2019
Per Capita Product
Exports | Imports
: $142 | $1.97k, 186 of 219 |  117 of 219

2013
Service
Exports | Imports
: $27.5M | $79M, 178 of 183 | 174 of 181

Exports: The top exports of Tonga are Other Vegetables ($3.06M), Non-fillet Fresh Fish ($2.79M), Other Processed Fruits and Nuts ($1.56M), Antiques ($1.32M), and Coral and Shells ($1.27M), exporting mostly to United States ($5.61M), South Korea ($2.65M), Australia ($2.14M), New Zealand ($2.01M), and Japan ($965k).

Imports: The top imports of Tonga are Refined Petroleum ($43.5M), Poultry Meat ($10.9M), Audio Alarms ($4.44M), Sheep and Goat Meat ($4.12M), and Broadcasting Equipment ($3.96M), importing mostly from Fiji ($58.9M), New Zealand ($47.6M), China ($29.4M), United States ($16.2M), and Australia ($12.8M).

Location: Tonga borders Fiji, New Zealand, Samoa, American Samoa, Niue, and Wallis and Futuna by sea.

Yearly Exports

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Value
Depth

Top Export (2019): Other Vegetables, $3.06M

Top Destination (2019): United States, $5.61M

In 2019, Tonga exported a total of $14.9M, making it the number 215 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Tonga have changed by -$5.74M from $20.6M in 2014 to $14.9M in 2019.

The most recent exports are led by Other Vegetables ($3.06M), Non-fillet Fresh Fish ($2.79M), Other Processed Fruits and Nuts ($1.56M), Antiques ($1.32M), and Coral and Shells ($1.27M). The most common destination for the exports of Tonga are United States ($5.61M), South Korea ($2.65M), Australia ($2.14M), New Zealand ($2.01M), and Japan ($965k).

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Yearly Imports

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Value
Depth

Top Import (2019): Refined Petroleum, $43.5M

Top Origin (2019): Fiji, $58.9M

In 2019 Tonga imported $206M, making it the number 201 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Tonga changed by -$48.4M from $254M in 2014 to $206M in 2019.

The most recent imports of Tonga are led by Refined Petroleum ($43.5M), Poultry Meat ($10.9M), Audio Alarms ($4.44M), Sheep and Goat Meat ($4.12M), and Broadcasting Equipment ($3.96M). The most common import partners for Tonga are Fiji ($58.9M), New Zealand ($47.6M), China ($29.4M), United States ($16.2M), and Australia ($12.8M).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2018 - 2019)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2018 - 2019)

Tonga Exports Services (2013): $27.5M

Tonga Imports Services (2013): $79M

In 2013, Tonga exported $27.5M worth of services. The top services exported by Tonga in 2013 were Transportation ($12M), Other business services ($7.12M), Business travel ($3.05M), Personal, cultural, and recreational services ($2.29M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($1.91M).

The top services imported by Tonga in 2013 were Transportation ($24.7M), Construction services ($18.3M), Other business services ($14.6M), Business travel ($8.72M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($5.36M).

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Tonga has a high level of specialization in Antiques (466), Cassava (437), Vanilla (309), Other Vegetables (252), and Non-fillet Fresh Fish (160). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Tonga observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Tonga according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Screws, bolts, nuts, rivets, washers, etc, iron, steel (1.81), Prepared unrecorded sound recording media (non-photo) (1.74), Salts of inorganic acids, peroxoacids, except azides (1.2), Equipment to project, disperse or spray liquid, powder (0.93), and Pulley tackle, hoists, winches, capstans and jacks (0.71). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Tonga according to the relatedness index, are Gold (0.078), Crustaceans (0.075), Non-fillet Frozen Fish (0.071), Cocoa Beans (0.071), and Tropical Fruits (0.07). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Tonga is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Diversification Frontier

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Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.