Overview In 2020 Tonga was the number 215 economy in the world in terms of total exports and the number 203 in total imports.

Exports The top exports of Tonga are Other Processed Fruits and Nuts ($1.57M), Other Vegetables ($1.48M), Cassava ($1.03M), Coral and Shells ($959k), and Processed Crustaceans ($947k), exporting mostly to United States ($3.12M), New Zealand ($2.08M), Australia ($1.57M), South Korea ($1.31M), and Japan ($543k).

Imports The top imports of Tonga are Poultry Meat ($7.09M), Sheep and Goat Meat ($5.7M), Sawn Wood ($4.01M), Electrical Transformers ($4.01M), and Cars ($3.99M), importing mostly from New Zealand ($51.9M), China ($33.7M), Australia ($12.9M), United States ($11.9M), and Japan ($6.6M).

Location Tonga borders Fiji, New Zealand, Samoa, American Samoa, Niue, and Wallis and Futuna by sea.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Tonga.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Top Export (2020): Other Processed Fruits and Nuts, $1.57M

Top Destination (2020): United States, $51.9M

In 2020, Tonga exported a total of $10.2M, making it the number 215 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Tonga have changed by -$1.51M from $11.7M in 2015 to $10.2M in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Other Processed Fruits and Nuts ($1.57M), Other Vegetables ($1.48M), Cassava ($1.03M), Coral and Shells ($959k), and Processed Crustaceans ($947k). The most common destination for the exports of Tonga are United States ($3.12M), New Zealand ($2.08M), Australia ($1.57M), South Korea ($1.31M), and Japan ($543k).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Tonga Exports Services (2013): $27.5M

Tonga Imports Services (2013): $79M

In 2013, Tonga exported $27.5M worth of services. The top services exported by Tonga in 2013 were Transportation ($12M), Other business services ($7.12M), Business travel ($3.05M), Personal, cultural, and recreational services ($2.29M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($1.91M).

The top services imported by Tonga in 2013 were Transportation ($24.7M), Construction services ($18.3M), Other business services ($14.6M), Business travel ($8.72M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($5.36M).

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Tonga has a high level of specialization in Cassava (663), Vanilla (322), Perfume Plants (242), Melons (220), and Other Vegetables (155). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Tonga observed and expected exports in each product.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Tonga according to the relatedness index, are Cocoa Beans (0.086), Gold (0.08), Crustaceans (0.076), Tropical Fruits (0.074), and Fish Fillets (0.073). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Tonga is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Tonga. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Tonga exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.