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Overview In 2021 Tonga was the number 212 economy in the world in terms of total exports and the number 201 in total imports.

Exports The top exports of Tonga are Petroleum Gas ($2.63M), Processed Crustaceans ($2.23M), Other Processed Fruits and Nuts ($1.68M), Other Vegetables ($1.65M), and Cassava ($1.19M), exporting mostly to United States ($3.26M), South Africa ($2.63M), New Zealand ($2.26M), Australia ($1.95M), and South Korea ($1.57M).

Imports The top imports of Tonga are Refined Petroleum ($30.3M), Poultry Meat ($12M), Cars ($7.68M), Sheep and Goat Meat ($6.8M), and Sawn Wood ($6.23M), importing mostly from New Zealand ($95.1M), China ($53.6M), Fiji ($47.1M), Australia ($16.2M), and United States ($15.4M).

Location Tonga borders Fiji, New Zealand, Samoa, American Samoa, Niue, and Wallis and Futuna by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade

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Y-AXIS SCALE

The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Tonga.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Latest Data

Flow
Color
Depth

The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Subscribe today to OEC pro and access the latest data

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Subscribe today to OEC pro and access the latest data

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Flow
Color
Depth
Top Export (2021)Petroleum Gas$2.63M
Top Destination (2021)United States$3.26M

In 2021, Tonga exported a total of $14.8M, making it the number 212 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Tonga have changed by $638k from $14.2M in 2016 to $14.8M in 2021.

The most recent exports are led by Petroleum Gas ($2.63M), Processed Crustaceans ($2.23M), Other Processed Fruits and Nuts ($1.68M), Other Vegetables ($1.65M), and Cassava ($1.19M). The most common destination for the exports of Tonga are United States ($3.26M), South Africa ($2.63M), New Zealand ($2.26M), Australia ($1.95M), and South Korea ($1.57M).

Explore Visualizations

Exports (2021)
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Destinations (2021)
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Market Growth

Flow
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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2020 - 2021)
South Africa$2.63M (+ 369k%)
Hong Kong$1.04M (+ 257%)
Australia$386k (+ 24.7%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2020 - 2021)
New Zealand$43.2M (+ 83.1%)
China$19.9M (+ 59.2%)
Fiji$7.95M (+ 20.3%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2020 - 2021)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Tonga Exports Services (2013)$27.5M
Tonga Imports Services (2013)$79M

In 2013, Tonga exported $27.5M worth of services. The top services exported by Tonga in 2013 were Transportation ($12M), Other business services ($7.12M), Business travel ($3.05M), Personal, cultural, and recreational services ($2.29M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($1.91M).

The top services imported by Tonga in 2013 were Transportation ($24.7M), Construction services ($18.3M), Other business services ($14.6M), Business travel ($8.72M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($5.36M).

Service Exports (2013)

Service Imports (2013)

Economic Complexity

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Tonga has a high level of specialization in Cassava (463), Live Fish (267), Melons (206), Perfume Plants (196), and Processed Crustaceans (152). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Tonga observed and expected exports in each product.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Tonga according to the relatedness index, were Gold (0.083), Cocoa Beans (0.082), Crustaceans (0.08), Tropical Fruits (0.075), and Legumes (0.073). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Tonga is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Tonga. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Tonga exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

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