Overview In 2020 Tajikistan was the number 143 economy in the world in terms of total exports and the number 145 in total imports.

Exports The top exports of Tajikistan are Gold ($780M), Raw Aluminium ($211M), Raw Cotton ($137M), Lead Ore ($78M), and Zinc Ore ($60.6M), exporting mostly to Switzerland ($779M), Turkey ($212M), Kazakhstan ($153M), Uzbekistan ($86.2M), and Afghanistan ($69.4M).

In 2020, Tajikistan was the world's biggest exporter of Antimony ($59.6M)

Imports The top imports of Tajikistan are Wheat ($244M), Refined Petroleum ($213M), Petroleum Gas ($176M), Raw Iron Bars ($115M), and Cars ($82.2M), importing mostly from China ($998M), Russia ($738M), Kazakhstan ($701M), Uzbekistan ($315M), and Turkey ($184M).

Location Tajikistan borders Afghanistan, China, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan by land.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Tajikistan.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Top Export (2020): Gold, $780M

Top Destination (2020): Switzerland, $998M

In 2020, Tajikistan exported a total of $1.63B, making it the number 143 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Tajikistan have changed by $727M from $899M in 2015 to $1.63B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($780M), Raw Aluminium ($211M), Raw Cotton ($137M), Lead Ore ($78M), and Zinc Ore ($60.6M). The most common destination for the exports of Tajikistan are Switzerland ($779M), Turkey ($212M), Kazakhstan ($153M), Uzbekistan ($86.2M), and Afghanistan ($69.4M).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Tajikistan Exports Services (2017): $204M

Tajikistan Imports Services (2017): $107M

In 2017, Tajikistan exported $204M worth of services. The top services exported by Tajikistan in 2017 were Other transport ($165M), Sea transport ($18.3M), Telecommunications services ($5.35M), Government services, n.i.e. ($5.19M), and Personal travel ($4.54M).

The top services imported by Tajikistan in 2017 were Other transport ($45M), Construction in the compiling economy ($41.5M), Government services, n.i.e. ($5.85M), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($5.55M), and Telecommunications services ($3.52M).

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Tajikistan has a high level of specialization in Lead Ore (129), Raw Cotton (98.9), Zinc Ore (78.8), Alkaline Metals (76), and Cement (49.9). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Tajikistan observed and expected exports in each product.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Tajikistan according to the relatedness index, are Chromium Ore (0.074), Other Oily Seeds (0.07), Tropical Fruits (0.07), Insect Resins (0.069), and Manganese Ore (0.068). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Tajikistan is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Tajikistan. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Tajikistan exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.