Overview In 2019 Syria was the number 164 in total exports, the number 127 in total imports and the number null most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Syria are Pure Olive Oil ($122M), Spice Seeds ($70.6M), Other Nuts ($42.4M), Tomatoes ($25.3M), and Apples and Pears ($25.3M), exporting mostly to Saudi Arabia ($145M), Turkey ($116M), Egypt ($90.4M), United Arab Emirates ($53.4M), and Jordan ($43M).

Imports The top imports of Syria are Rolled Tobacco ($441M), Broadcasting Equipment ($250M), Wheat Flours ($126M), Seed Oils ($121M), and Refined Petroleum ($118M), importing mostly from Turkey ($1.6B), China ($1.32B), United Arab Emirates ($817M), Egypt ($280M), and Russia ($234M).

Location Syria borders Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, and Turkey by land and Cyprus by sea.

Historical Data

#permalink to section

Yearly Exports

#permalink to section
Value
Compare to
Depth

Top Export (2019): Pure Olive Oil, $122M

Top Destination (2019): Saudi Arabia, $145M

In 2019, Syria exported a total of $630M, making it the number 164 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Syria have changed by -$443M from $1.07B in 2014 to $630M in 2019.

The most recent exports are led by Pure Olive Oil ($122M), Spice Seeds ($70.6M), Other Nuts ($42.4M), Tomatoes ($25.3M), and Apples and Pears ($25.3M). The most common destination for the exports of Syria are Saudi Arabia ($145M), Turkey ($116M), Egypt ($90.4M), United Arab Emirates ($53.4M), and Jordan ($43M).

Explore Visualizations

Yearly Imports

#permalink to section
Value
Compare to
Depth

Top Import (2019): Rolled Tobacco, $441M

Top Origin (2019): Turkey, $1.6B

In 2019 Syria imported $5.95B, making it the number 127 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Syria changed by -$607M from $6.56B in 2014 to $5.95B in 2019.

The most recent imports of Syria are led by Rolled Tobacco ($441M), Broadcasting Equipment ($250M), Wheat Flours ($126M), Seed Oils ($121M), and Refined Petroleum ($118M). The most common import partners for Syria are Turkey ($1.6B), China ($1.32B), United Arab Emirates ($817M), Egypt ($280M), and Russia ($234M).

Explore Visualizations

Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2018 - 2019)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2018 - 2019)

Syria Exports Services (2010): $7.33B

Syria Imports Services (2010): $3.53B

In 2010, Syria exported $7.33B worth of services. The top services exported by Syria in 2010 were Personal travel ($6.19B), Transportation ($529M), Government services, n.i.e. ($293M), Communications services ($141M), and Financial services ($67.2M).

The top services imported by Syria in 2010 were Transportation ($1.59B), Personal travel ($1.51B), Insurance services ($121M), Government services, n.i.e. ($96.3M), and Services not allocated ($94.4M).

Tariffs by Product

#permalink to section

The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Syria are Agarbatti, odorifers operated by burning (80%) and Articles of apparel & clothing accessories of furskin (80%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Syria are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
313: Preferential tariff for the League of Arab States

Economic Complexity

#permalink to section

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

#permalink to section

Syria has a high level of specialization in Spice Seeds (1.84k), Pure Olive Oil (487), Preserved Vegetables (380), Spices (149), and Pickled Foods (128). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Syria observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

#permalink to section

The highest complexity exports of Syria according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Articles of nickel, nes (1.05), Self-adhesive plates, sheets, film etc of plastic (1.05), Industrial food and drink preparation machinery nes (0.71), Articles of copper nes (0.56), and Mushroom, truffle, prepared or preserved, not vinegar (0.46). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

#permalink to section

The top export opportunities for Syria according to the relatedness index, are Gold (0.22), Insect Resins (0.22), Knit Men's Shirts (0.21), Knit Women's Shirts (0.21), and Raw Tobacco (0.21). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Syria is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

#permalink to section

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Syria. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Syria exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

#permalink to section
Filter
Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

#permalink to section
Scale
Compare with

During the last 18 years Syria's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively más complex, moving from the ⁩⁨86th to the 74th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings