Overview In 2020 Syria was the number 160 economy in the world in terms of total exports and the number 137 in total imports.

Exports The top exports of Syria are Pure Olive Oil ($122M), Spice Seeds ($70.5M), Barley ($56.8M), Other Nuts ($44.5M), and Tomatoes ($32M), exporting mostly to Turkey ($236M), Saudi Arabia ($194M), Lebanon ($99.2M), Egypt ($68.6M), and United Arab Emirates ($46.4M).

Imports The top imports of Syria are Rolled Tobacco ($506M), Refined Petroleum ($161M), Raw Sugar ($101M), Seed Oils ($87M), and Rice ($85.1M), importing mostly from Turkey ($1.42B), China ($834M), United Arab Emirates ($667M), Egypt ($288M), and India ($124M).

In 2020, Syria was the world's biggest importer of Maté ($62.2M)

Location Syria borders Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, and Turkey by land and Cyprus by sea.

Flow
View
Y-AXIS SCALE

The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Syria.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Flow
Value
Depth

Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

#permalink to section
Flow
Value
Depth

Top Export (2020): Pure Olive Oil, $122M

Top Destination (2020): Turkey, $1.42B

In 2020, Syria exported a total of $868M, making it the number 160 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Syria have changed by $30.7M from $837M in 2015 to $868M in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Pure Olive Oil ($122M), Spice Seeds ($70.5M), Barley ($56.8M), Other Nuts ($44.5M), and Tomatoes ($32M). The most common destination for the exports of Syria are Turkey ($236M), Saudi Arabia ($194M), Lebanon ($99.2M), Egypt ($68.6M), and United Arab Emirates ($46.4M).

Explore Visualizations

Flow
View

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Syria Exports Services (2010): $7.33B

Syria Imports Services (2010): $3.53B

In 2010, Syria exported $7.33B worth of services. The top services exported by Syria in 2010 were Personal travel ($6.19B), Transportation ($529M), Government services, n.i.e. ($293M), Communications services ($141M), and Financial services ($67.2M).

The top services imported by Syria in 2010 were Transportation ($1.59B), Personal travel ($1.51B), Insurance services ($121M), Government services, n.i.e. ($96.3M), and Services not allocated ($94.4M).

Economic Complexity

#permalink to section

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

#permalink to section

Syria has a high level of specialization in Spice Seeds (1.07k), Pure Olive Oil (303), Preserved Vegetables (286), Calcium Phosphates (166), and Barley (144). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Syria observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

#permalink to section

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

#permalink to section

The top export opportunities for Syria according to the relatedness index, are Insect Resins (0.24), Knit Men's Shirts (0.24), Gold (0.24), Raw Tobacco (0.23), and Knit T-shirts (0.23). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Syria is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

#permalink to section

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Syria. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Syria exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

#permalink to section
Filter
Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

#permalink to section
Scale
Compare with

During the last 17 years Syria's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively more complex, moving from the ⁩⁨80th to the 64th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings