Overview In 2020, Singapore was the number 36 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 19 in total exports, the number 17 in total imports, the number 10 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 6 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Singapore are Integrated Circuits ($62.7B), Refined Petroleum ($27B), Gold ($11.4B), Packaged Medicaments ($9.9B), and Gas Turbines ($9.24B), exporting mostly to China ($42.9B), Hong Kong ($41.7B), United States ($27.6B), Malaysia ($22.9B), and Indonesia ($14.8B).

In 2020, Singapore was the world's biggest exporter of Asphalt Mixtures ($448M)

Imports The top imports of Singapore are Integrated Circuits ($51.1B), Refined Petroleum ($30.2B), Gold ($20.6B), Crude Petroleum ($13B), and Gas Turbines ($8.7B), importing mostly from China ($54B), Malaysia ($36.5B), United States ($25.9B), Chinese Taipei ($24.9B), and Japan ($15.8B).

In 2020, Singapore was the world's biggest importer of Other Glass Articles ($597M) and Bovine, Sheep, and Goat Fat ($341M)

Location Singapore borders Indonesia and Malaysia by sea.

September, 2022

Historical Data

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Value
Depth

Top Export (2020): Integrated Circuits, $62.7B

Top Destination (2020): China, $54B

In 2020, Singapore exported a total of $281B, making it the number 19 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Singapore have changed by $10.4B from $271B in 2015 to $281B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Integrated Circuits ($62.7B), Refined Petroleum ($27B), Gold ($11.4B), Packaged Medicaments ($9.9B), and Gas Turbines ($9.24B). The most common destination for the exports of Singapore are China ($42.9B), Hong Kong ($41.7B), United States ($27.6B), Malaysia ($22.9B), and Indonesia ($14.8B).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Singapore Exports Services (2020): $260B

Singapore Imports Services (2020): $241B

In 2020, Singapore exported $260B worth of services. The top services exported by Singapore in 2020 were Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($89.8B), Sea transport ($80B), Financial services ($36.4B), Other royalties and license fees ($10.7B), and Insurance services ($8.26B).

The top services imported by Singapore in 2020 were Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($71.5B), Sea transport ($68.9B), Air transport ($19.5B), Merchanting and other trade-related services ($15.7B), and Other royalties and license fees ($15.2B).

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Singapore has a high level of specialization in Asphalt Mixtures (15.6), Fluorides (9.33), Antiknock (8.9), Oxygen Amino Compounds (8.66), and Glass Working Machines (8.64). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Singapore observed and expected exports in each product.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Singapore according to the relatedness index, are Watch Movements (0.23), Inorganic Compounds (0.23), Photographic Film (0.23), Copper Foil (0.22), and Photographic Chemicals (0.21). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Singapore is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Singapore. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Singapore exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

During the last 20 years Singapore's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively more complex, moving from the ⁩⁨28th to the 6th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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